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10 Krooni 2008. 90 years of the foundation of the Republic of Estonia and 16 years of the re-introdu, Estonia

in Krause book Number: 90
Years of issue: 20.06.2008
Edition: 30 000 (in booklets with coin)
Signatures: President: Andres Lipstok ( in office from 07.06.2005 till 06.06.2012), Noukogu Esimees: Mart Sõrg
Serie: Commemorative issue
Specimen of: 2008
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 69
Printer: Riigi Trukikoda, Tallinn

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Krooni 2008. 90 years of the foundation of the Republic of Estonia and 16 years of the re-introdu

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The logo of the Republic of Estonia’s 90th Anniversary - “Birth”.

On 21st June, the committee of the competition for the Design Solution of the Symbol of the Republic of Estonia’s 90th Anniversary awarded “Birth”, a submission by the design agency Velvet, the winner. The second prize went to Jaana Kool’s “Family mark”. The panel of judges awarded the third place to the project “Friends”, also by the design agency Velvet.

The chairman of the panel was satisfied with the outcome: ”The panel of judges was unanimous in their decision – the winning project was universally appreciated for the dynamic and sensitive elegance it conveyed. The symbol represents Estonia’s innovativeness, is modern, can easily be manipulated and is playful.”

Eighty-five conceptual designs were submitted to the Republic of Estonia 90th Anniversary Symbol competition. The goal of the symbol is to provide for a common visual identification of the celebration of the 90th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia, i.e. to bring all the citizens and residents together to take joy in independent Estonia, to enhance the understanding of independent statehood and to reassure : Estonia is a whole in time and in space – strong, willing, smart, innovative and viable as are its spirited and courageous people.

The conceptual design will be used in all the presentation materials for the 90th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia, such as posters and programmes, the web site dedicated to the anniversary, and souvenirs. (shaan.typepad.com .eng)

Avers:

10 Krooni 2008. 90 years of the foundation of the Republic of Estonia and 16 years of the re-introdu

The design of the obverse almost completely duplicates the design of the pre-war issue of 10 Estonian kroons.

The obverse of the banknote is printed on the original cliché of the 10 Kroner banknote of 1940 (a very rare issue), which were hidden in the building of the Bank of Estonia, one of the workers, under the floor.

The 10 Crowns of 1940 were printed quite shortly before the entry of Soviet troops into the territory of Estonia, after which almost the entire issue was destroyed. However, individual instances exist. They are much more expensive than the issues of 1928 and 1937.

Saaremaa

Peasant woman in national costume, carrying a sheaf of wheat and sickle.

I was wondering, whether based on the elements of girl's dress is possible to determine - from which rural municipality of Estonia designer Reindorf picked up his image of national Estonian woman.

It turned out that this is real.

And once again I got help from bibliographer of Narva library Tatiana and ethnographer of the same library.

A member of the Narva Museum consulted with the famous folklorist in Estonia - Igor Tõnurist (a few years ago he headed the Estonian Folk Union).

That is what he said:

Saaremaa

"The costume on banknote is stylized (especially the ornamental of headdress) and, therefore, it is difficult to say what Parish the designer had in mind.

But, by the specific form of headdress it can be assumed, that he meant the costume from Mustjala Parish, in the north-west of the island of Saaremaa. By the way, the belt of the costume was not supposed to hang down the side, but tide by spiral wrap around the waist."

Lower, left, is an inscription: "Eesti Vabariik 90. Ühiselt Ehitatud Riik" - "Republic of Estonia 90. Jointly Built State."

Below - stylized flowers.

Denomination is centered.

Revers:

10 Krooni 2008. 90 years of the foundation of the Republic of Estonia and 16 years of the re-introdu

The reverse motif almost completely duplicates the reverse of the 10 EEK 1991 banknote issued in 1991, symbolizing the connection of the Estonian currency in time.

The coat of arms of Estonia is top left.

The coat of arms of Estonia depicts a golden shield, which includes three slim blue passant gardant lions with red tongues in the middle and golden oak branches along both sides of the shield.

The three lions derive from the arms of Danish king Valdemar II who had conquered northern Estonia in 1219. The lions became part of the greater coat of arms of Tallinn, the center of Danish government in Estonia, and the knightages (ger. ritterschaften) of Harria and Viru.

In 1346, Denmark sold its Estonian dominion to the Teutonic Order after its power had been severely weakened during the St. George's Night Uprising of 1343-1346. The three lions, however, remained the central element of the greater coat of arms of Tallinn. In later centuries, the motif of the three lions transferred to the coat of arms of the Duchy of Estonia, the Ritterschaft of Estland, and to the coat of arms of the Governorate of Estonia. The Riigikogu (the state assembly) of the independent Republic of Estonia officially adopted the coat of arms on June 19, 1925.

The coat of arms was officially banned following the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union in 1940, and replaced with the Soviet-inspired coat of arms of the Estonian SSR.

Tamme Lauri tammele

The Tamme-Lauri oak, located in the rural municipality of Urvaste, is Estonia's largest oak tree. It has a circumference of 800 cm., a height of 17 meters and is approximately 800 years old. The trunk has been filled with reinforced concrete.

The Tamme-Lauri oak was named after Laurits, the god of fire, who was said to live in the oak and bring misfortune, evil but sometimes good to the surrounding farms. The farm located near the oak is also known as Tamme-Lauri. Signs leading to the site of the oak tree are found along the Urvaste-Kanepi highway. (www.visitestonia.com)

Left of center is an inscription: "Eesti Vabariik kuulutati välja 24. veebruaril 1918. Käesolev pangatäht on välja antud 2008. aastal Eesti Vabariigi 90. juubeliaasta tähistamiseks." - "The Republic of Estonia was proclaimed on 24 February 1918. This banknote was issued in 2008 to mark the 90th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia."

Denominations in numerals are repeated 3 times, in words - in lower right corner.

Comments:

banknote banknote banknote

My booklet, with commemorative coin, 1 Kroon 2008, and banknote, 10 Krooni 2008, of Estonian Bank, dedicated to 90 years of the foundation of the Republic of Estonia and 16 years of the re-introduction of the Estonian kroon.

Commemorative issue - 90 years of the foundation of the Republic of Estonia and 16 years of the re-introduction of the Estonian kroon.

Designer of obverse: Günther-Friedrich Reindorff (Гюнтер-Фридрих Германович Рейндорф, 26 January 1899 - 14 March 1974).

Reyndorf

An Estonian graphic designer, book illustrator, and educator. He designed many postage stamps series, a large number of military insignia and bookplates, diplomas, various advertising sheets and currency in the late 1920s and early 1930s. His artistic style evolved under the influence of Art Nouveau and Art Deco works by Sergey Chekhonin, Ivan Bilibin, and other members of the Russian group Mir iskusstva.

Reindorff was born in Saint Petersburg and moved to Tallinn with his family in 1897. In 1905, he enrolled in the von Stieglitz Art School in Saint Petersburg. He graduated from the art school in 1913.

He designed many Estonian banknotes and coins, including the whole kroon series used beginning in 1928.

Soviet authorities appointed him a National Artist of the USSR (1969), and he was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Fine Arts (1958), during the period when Estonia was part of the Soviet Union.

From 1922 to 1932 Mr. Reindorf was an artist and consultant of Estonian State Print, where Treasury notes were printed. In 1926 he won the first prize at the competition of banknotes of Estonia.

On his designs were issued banknotes of Estonia. They are very impressive by high level of skill, filigree style, great art and printing qualities and figure prominently in the Estonian chart. On 50 Krooni banknote reproduced a picture of the northern coast of Estonia, on the 10 and 20 Krooni are placed the collective images of Estonian peasants. 100 Krooni bears image of the Blacksmith (as working class) and 5 Krooni - the Fisherman.

Designer of reverse: Victor Tiger.

The obverse of the banknote is printed on the original cliché of the 10 Kroner banknote of 1940 (a very rare issue), which were hidden in the building of the Bank of Estonia, one of the workers, under the floor.