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500 Dinara 1946, Yugoslavia

in Krause book Number: 66a
Years of issue: 09.1946
Edition:
Signatures: Главни Директор: А. Васић, Гувернер: Танасије Здравковић (in office 28.11.1945 – 30.04.1946)
Serie: 1946 Issue
Specimen of: 01.05.1946
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 144 х 75
Printer: Zavod za izradu novcanica i kovanog novca, Beograd

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Dinara 1946

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Floral pattern.

Avers:

500 Dinara 1946

Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije

On right side is partisan Milivoje Rodić (later - colonel of the Yugoslav army).

The Yugoslav Partisans, or the National Liberation Army, officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia, was the Communist-led resistance to the Axis powers (chiefly Germany) in occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.

It is considered to be Europe's most effective anti-Axis resistance movement during World War II, often compared to the Polish resistance movement, albeit the latter was a mostly non-communist autonomous movement. The Yugoslav Resistance was led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia during World War II. Its commander was Marshal Josip Broz Tito.

The movement was consistently referred to as the "Partisans" throughout the war. However, due to frequent changes in size and structural reorganizations, the Partisans throughout their history held four full official names:

National Liberation Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (June 1941 – January 1942)

National Liberation Partisan and Volunteer Army of Yugoslavia (January – November 1942)

National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (November 1942 – February 1945). Increasingly from November 1942, the Partisan military as a whole was often referred to simply as the National Liberation Army (Narodnooslobodilačka vojska, NOV), whereas the term "Partisans" acquired a wider sense in referring to the entire resistance faction (including, for example, the AVNOJ).

Yugoslav Army – on 1 March 1945, the National Liberation Army was transformed into the regular armed forces of Yugoslavia and renamed accordingly.

The movement was originally named National Liberation Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodnooslobodilački partizanski odredi Jugoslavije, NOPOJ) and held that name from June 1941 to January 1942. Because of this, their short name became simply the "Partisans" (capitalized), and stuck henceforward (the adjective "Yugoslav" is used sometimes in exclusively non-Yugoslav sources to distinguish them from other partisan movements).

Between January 1942 and November 1942, the movement's full official name was briefly National Liberation Partisan and Volunteer Army of Yugoslavia (Narodnooslobodilačka partizanska i dobrovoljačka vojska Jugoslavije, NOP i DVJ). The changes were meant to reflect the movement's character as a "volunteer army".

In November 1942 the movement was renamed into the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije, NOV i POJ), a name which it held until the end of the war. This last official name is the full name most associated with the Partisans, and reflects the fact that the proletarian brigades and other mobile units were organized into the National Liberation Army (Narodnooslobodilačka vojska). The name change also reflects the fact that the latter superseded in importance the partisan detachments themselves.

Shortly before the end of the war, in March 1945, all resistance forces were reorganized into the regular armed force of Yugoslavia and renamed Yugoslav Army. It would keep this name until 1951, when it was renamed the Yugoslav People's Army.

coat of arms

On left side is the coat of arms of Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia.

The State Emblem of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (1946-1963).

"The Constitution of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946.

Part 1, Chapter I, Article 3.

The State Emblem of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia is a field, surrounded by wheat ears. Spikes at the bottom tied with a ribbon on which is written the date of 29-XI-1943. Between the tops of the ears is a five-pointed star. In the middle of the field shows five torches inclined position, the flame of which merges into a single flame."

FPRY Constitution of 1946 contains a description of the emblem pieces, not to mention their color.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners and centered, in words centered.

Revers:

500 Dinara 1946

Peasant plowing with horses.

Denominations in numerals are in all field of banknote.

Comments:

Designer of obverse: Велько А. Кун (Velko A. Kun).

Obverse engraver: Tanasije Krnjajic.

Reverse designer and engraver: Велько А. Кун (Velko A. Kun).