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50 Kroner 1989, Norway

in Krause book Number: 42
Years of issue: 06.1989
Edition: 204 280 000 (all years)
Signatures: Direksjonens Formann: Hermod Skånland (in office 1985-1993), Hovedkasserer: Sylvi Johansen
Serie: Series VI
Specimen of: 1985
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 135 х 67
Printer: Norges Bank, Oslo (till 2008)

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Kroner 1989

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Denominations 50, diagonal dashed lines.

Avers:

50 Kroner 1989

Aasmund Olavsson Vinje

The engraving on banknote is, probably, made after this photo of Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, approx. of 1867.

Aasmund Olavsson Vinje (6 April 1818 – 30 July 1870) was a famous Norwegian poet and journalist who is remembered for poetry, travel writing, and his pioneering use of Landsmål (now known as Nynorsk).

Vinje was born into a poor, but well-read family, in Vinje, Telemark. He had a voracious appetite for learning and supported himself in part by teaching. He earned his university entrance exam after attending the same school as Henrik Ibsen, studied law, and became an attorney.

Vinje founded the periodical Dølen (The dales-man) in 1858, in which he published travel accounts, and editorial comments on art, language and politics that serve as records for the period in which he lived. Dølen ceased publication in 1870.

Vinje did much to articulate the difference between city and rural life in Norway and was among the sophisticated exponents of Norwegian romantic nationalism. Despite this, he was also known for his critical scepticism and double views (No: tvisyn) - that is, looking at both sides of the coin. He was politically active to the extent that the government fired him from his work as an attorney for criticizing its foreign policy.

Among his writings, the Ferdaminni fraa Sumaren 1860 (A remembrance of a journey in the summer 1860, not translated), rank in high esteem in Norwegian literature, describing a journey on foot from Oslo to Trondheim in order to cover the coronation of King Charles in the Nidarosdomen cathedral for his periodical. It can be seen as a program for Vinje and the Dølen that the description deals more warm-hearted with his meetings with ordinary people along the journey, than with the royalties he encountered at the coronation.

In 1863 he wrote A Norseman's View of Britain and the British, which was translated into Norwegian ten years later.

Some of Vinje's poetry is still very much alive in Norway, especially the poems Ved Rundarne (English: At Rondane) and Våren (English: The Last Spring) with tunes by Edvard Grieg. Edvard Grieg composed melodies for many of Vinje's poems, and in 1881, Grieg published Tolv Melodier til Digte af A. O. Vinje (English: Twelve melodies to Poems of A. O. Vinje, for voice and piano), Opus 33, which include The Last Spring and At Rondane.

Dying from stomach cancer, Vinje decided to spend his last days in the countryside. He died as a guest of his friend, minister (later bishop) Anton Christian Bang at Gran in Hadeland on 30 July 1870 and is buried nearby in the churchyard of the Sister churches at Granavollen (Søsterkirkene). In 1873, a large monument with a bust of Vinjes by Brynjulf Bergslien was erected at the site.

Today Aasmund Vinje paths exist in several Norwegian cities and towns including Oslo, Stavanger, Trondheim, Moss, Fjellhamar, Corby, Hamar, Gjøvik, Rjukan, Skien and Mandal.

Selected works:

En Ballade om Kongen og Kongehuset (1853).

Ferdaminni fraa Sumaren 1860 (1861).

A Norseman's View of Britain and the British (1863).

Diktsamling (1864).

Storegut (1866).

Blandkorn (1867).

Dølen i eiget Hus atter (1868).

Um vaart nationale Stræv (1869).

Denominations in numerals are in three corners and centered, in words - centered.

Revers:

50 Kroner 1989

Hylestad wood carving Hylestad wood carving

On the banknote is a carving from Hylestad stave church doorway (right side), XII century - "Sigurd kills the dragon Fafnir" from "Scandinavian myths and legends."

The Hylestad stave church was a stave church located in Hylestad (now Valle municipality), Setesdal district, Norway. The church was estimated to have been built in the late XII to early XIII century and was demolished in the 17th century. Some of the intricate wood carvings from the church doorway were saved and incorporated into other buildings. They are now on display at the Museum of Cultural History in Oslo.

There are seven scenes from the Sigurd legend carved on the two door panels, with three scenes on the first panel and four scenes on the second panel. The order of the fifth and sixth scenes, on wood carving, replaced by places, violating the normal sequence of the legend.

The third scene shows Sirgurd slaying the dragon with a sword.

"After forging the sword, Sigurd and Regin travel to Gnita-Heath in order to find Fafnir the dragon and take his treasure. There they dig "a pit in the path used by Fafnir," and then he crawled into it. When Fafnir came to the water pit Sigurd emerged and "thrust his sword" into Fafnir, killing him."

Denominations in numerals are in top and lower left corners and on right side, in words - on right side, at the top.

Comments:

Invalid from 28.01.2008.

Three major changes were introduced with this series: The 10-krone note was discontinued and replaced by a coin in 1983, Camilla Collett was depicted on the 100-krone note from 1977 and was the first woman to appear on a Norwegian banknote and the 50-krone note issued in 1985 featured text in Nynorsk with the name of the Bank rendered as NOREGS BANK.

For this series, examples of Norwegian arts and handicrafts from earlier periods were chosen as motifs for the reverse.

The notes were designed by Norges Bank's graphics department based on an idea of Leif F. Anisdahl.