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500 Pesos 2016, Argentina

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 30.06.2016
Edition:
Signatures: Presidente del Banco Central de la República Argentina: Federico Sturzenegger, Presidente H.C. Senadores: Gabriela Michetti
Serie: Argentina’s Fauna
Specimen of: 2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 155 х 65
Printer: Casa de Moneda de la Nación, Buenos Aires

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Pesos 2016

Description

Watermark:

watermark

South American jaguar and electrotype 500.

About the jaguar, please read the description of the obverse.

Avers:

500 Pesos 2016

Panthera onca palustris

In the foreground of the banknote is the South American jaguar (Panthera onca palustris) or Yaguareté.

Also, on top, on the banknote are paw prints of the jaguar and its profile (in the upper right corner).

The South American jaguar is a population of the jaguar in South America. Though a number of subspecies of jaguar have been proposed for South America, morphological and genetic research has not found any evidence for subspecific differentiation. It is considered to be the biggest cat in the New World.

Panthera onca palustris - The species was first described by Ameghino, in 1888. It lives in Matto Grosso, Paraguay and Argentina.

"The True Fiera" in Guaraní, king of the tropical and subtropical jungles of America, is the largest feline of the continent and the third largest in the world. Great swimmer, tireless walker and powerful hunter.

Its ability to adapt allows it to live in the thickest jungle as well as in open savannahs, waterlogged areas and even deserts. Although it prefers large prey such as peccaries, young tapirs, corzuelas and pacas, it also devours lizards, alligators and snakes, small rodents and even smaller birds, captures clearly arboreal animals such as monkeys, fishes in rivers and streams and, on occasion, eats some fruit It is solitary, each male establishes its territory by expelling the others, but shares it with several females, with which it mates. The young emancipated copies of the care of their mother and the old ones, expelled from their territories by stronger young people, must move to new areas where they can settle.

Although it is in critical danger of extinction, in recent decades its range of distribution has remained relatively stable, mainly due to the distance from large cities. In the Yungas of Salta and Jujuy, two priority areas stand out: the Serranías de Zapla (Jujuy) -Baritú Corridor (Salta) and the Juntas de San Antonio-Tartagal-Acambuco Corridor. Undoubtedly, the Yungas is an area of ​​great importance for the Yaguareté for multiple reasons: it is the one that harbors the most important remaining population, and according to scientific studies, it is the best habitat for the conservation of the jaguar, the most difficult to access by the man, due to its geographic relief and where there is still a good availability of prey.

Towards the east, the animal is distributed through some sectors of Santiago del Estero, Chaco and Formosa, and towards the northern half of Misiones, within the limits of the Green Corridor. There is the largest jungle block in the country where the Yaguareté currently lives. (www.bcra.gob.ar .spa)

Patagonula americana Patagonula americana

The main figure of the Yaguareté, National Natural Monument, inaugurates a new concept in our monetary history referring to reasons of the Argentine fauna. The effigy of the yaguareté rests on funds composed of different specimens of native flora such as Guayaibí leaves, among other species.

The guayuvira or guayubirá (Patagonula americana L.) is a tree that is distributed in Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, and in the Brazilian states of Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo and Paraná, Santa Catarina to the north of Río Grande from the south.

Guayuvirá, guayubirá, guaiaby, apé blanco, guaiuvira, (in transliteration to Portuguese): guajubira, guajura. Tree that serves for wood.

Nerium oleander

Also, the flowers of the Garden Laurel are highlighted as an elements.

Nerium oleander is a shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. It is most commonly known as nerium or oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been identified, though southwest Asia has been suggested. The ancient city of Volubilis in Morocco may have taken its name from the Berber name alili or oualilt for the flower. Oleander is one of the most poisonous commonly grown garden plants.

Denomination in words is on top. In numerals are in three corners.

Revers:

500 Pesos 2016

On the right - again, Oleander flowers and paw prints of a jaguar.

To the left of the coat of arms of Argentina is a wind rose, showing the direction — the Northeast — as the habitat area of the jaguars on a map of Argentina.

Yungas Yungas

In the center is a map of Argentina and darkened areas on it, meaning areas of jaguar's habitat, today. Shaded areas (in fact - all of Argentina) - is the territory of residence of the jaguars more than 100 years ago.

The map of Argentina shows, in addition to the continental part, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego (the western part belongs to Chile), the Falklands or the Malvinas Islands (which belong to Great Britain, but Argentina considers them its territory) and, in a rectangle, the Antarctic Peninsula and the Weddell Sea, in Antarctica, which Argentina also considers its territory.

Shortly before overcoming Eastern Cordillera, winds from the Atlantic Ocean unload their moisture as rain and mist, forming one of the richest environments in ways of life of Argentina.

The Mountain Rainforests, the Yungas Forests (also known as Tucumano-Oranenses), an unthought extension of the Amazonian massif in the barren geography of the northwest. An almost unknown jungle mass -increíblemente- by most Argentines.

It is one of the last refuges in Argentina along with the Atlantic Forest and a portion of dry- chaco for the Yaguareté or Jaguar.

From the almost impenetrable Baritú in the north to the southeast corner of Jujuy, to Pintascayo, a large area of ​​Oran, Calilegua, Serranías de Zapla, Acambuco and Aguaragüe ranges, the areas of greatest presence.

But with data in such remote areas as Campo Duran in the north, Tineo at east, around the El Rey National Park and to the area of ​​Metán in the south near Tucuman (already in formations chaqueño type), although populations almost unknown and seemingly with little hope of survival.

It is unknown the situation in the east of the province of Salta, on the border with Chaco and Formosa, not knowing if there is contact between the populations of the Yungas and the Chaco Seco.

The truth is that the Overo, as it is called in these parts, still walking the Argentine Northwest, dodging the man, his bullets and clearings, stealing some calves and some other tambera that eventually cost him his life.

Yungas

Biosphere Reserve of the Yungas between the National Parks Baritú and Calilegua National Park, protects the best preserved area where these cloud forests and sustainable development of natural resources is promoted. (www.redyaguarete.org.ar)

To the left of the center, on the banknote, is shown the floodplain of the Yungas River, a jaguar in the river and a small jaguar cub, on the bank, as a symbol of the survival of the species.

On video - first time in last 100 years, in National park, in Argentina, the jaguar's cub was born.

coat of arms of Argentina

In top right corner is the coat of arms of Argentina.

The coat of arms of the Argentine Republic (Escudo de la República Argentina) was established in its current form in 1944, but has its origins in the seal of the General Constituent Assembly of 1813.

It is unknown who designed the coat of arms. It is often mentioned that there were three men involved: Alvear, Monteagudo, and Vieytes, but it is known that a few years before, President Bernardino Rivadavia asked the Peruvian Antonio Isidoro Castro to create an Argentine coat of arms; however, the two schemes have never been found.

The coat of arms is a figure, in which at the top we find the gold-yellowed Sun of May, also found on the flag of Argentina. The rising sun symbolizes the rising of Argentina, as described in the first version of the Argentine National Anthem, se levanta a la faz de la tierra una nueva y gloriosa nación, meaning "a new and glorious nation rises to the surface of the Earth". It must be noticed how the verb "rise", and so in Spanish, can be used to describe the motion of the Sun.

In the center ellipse there are two shaking hands, connoting the unity of the provinces of Argentina. The hands come together to hold a pike, which represents power and willingness to defend freedom, epitomized by the Phrygian cap on the top of the spear.

The blue and white colors are symbols of the Argentine people and the same colors of the Argentine flag. The blue half of the ellipse symbolizes the sky and the white one denotes the Río de la Plata.

The hands are flesh coloured and stand for friendship, peace, unity, and brotherhood. The pike is brown (wooden), and the Phrygian cap is red, like the traditional French liberty cap. The proximity of the hands and the Phrygian cap, in addition to their individual meanings, represent the national motto of Argentina, en unión y libertad ("in unity and freedom"), and illustrate the idea that in unity (the hands) there is power (the pike), and in power there is freedom (the Phrygian cap).

The Phrygian cap was typically worn by the inhabitants of Phrygia, in the Anatolian peninsula, and is commonly mistaken for being a Pileus. The Pileus was a hat that in ancient Rome became a symbol of freed slaves, who were touched by their owners with a wooden pike before setting them free.

Laurel is another classical symbol. At the end of the ancient Olympic Games (and also the 2004 Summer Olympics), the winner was given a laurel crown, and since then it has symbolized triumph and glory.

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners.

Comments:

The Nexonum award from Spain recognized the Argentine ticket with the image of the Yaguareté as the best in the world among those issued in 2016.

In addition to the Nexonum award, the $ 500 ticket received the LatiNum Award for the best 2015/2016 Latin American ticket. In 2017, he was chosen among the four best tickets in the world with second place shared, awarded by the International Bank Note Society (IBNS), which awarded artistic merit, design and use of color and security measures.