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5000 Kuna 1943, Croatia

in Krause book Number: 14a
Years of issue: 15.07.1943
Signatures: Podpredsjednik: Dr. Junus Mehmedagić, Predsjednik: Dr. Dragutin Toth
Serie: Hrvatska Državna Banka
Specimen of: 1943
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 180 х 94
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5000 Kuna 1943




Diamond pattern.


5000 Kuna 1943

Narodna nošnja Narodna nošnja

On the left is a girl in festive folk clothes and a headdress. Across the whole banknote field there are the patterns from Croatian women's folk clothes.

I decided, as usual, to determine more precisely - from what region of Croatia is this girl on the banknote?

About the headdress - only on the coast of Dalmatia, snow-white pleated starch caps were laid like Italian Tovaglias.

Narodna nošnja Narodna nošnja

I wrote to the Bank of Croatia and the largest library of Zagreb, but received no answers.

Having conducted my own investigation of the issue, I came to the following conclusion:

The girl on the banknote from Dalmatia (Adriatic coast).

First, I found a photo from the village of Vrlika (Dalmatia), where the headdress corresponds to that shown on the banknote, but .. the black color of the blouse (or zobun, zubun) is more suitable for the city of Split and its surroundings (also Dalmatia, but already on the very sea coast).


On background is the coat of arms of Croatia.

The coat of arms of the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Grb Republike Hrvatske) consists of one main shield and five smaller shields which form a crown over the main shield. The main coat of arms is a checkerboard (chequy) that consists of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields. It's also informally known in Croatian as šahovnica ("chessboard", from šah, "chess"). The five smaller shields represent five different historical regions within Croatia.

The checkerboard coat of arms (šahovnica) is first attested as an official symbol of the kingdom of Croatia on an Innsbruck tower depicting the emblem of Maximilian I, Archduke of Austria in 1495. It appeared on a seal from the Cetingrad Charter that confirmed the 1527 election of Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria as king of Croatia in Cetin.

The origin of the design has often been purported as being medieval. Historic tradition states it to be the arms of Stephen Držislav in the 10th century. A Split stone baptistry from the time of Peter Krešimir IV (1058-1074/5) has engraved falcons that carry something that resembles a chequy on their wings, and the bell tower of the medieval Church of St. Lucy, Jurandvor has a checkerboard pattern carved onto it.

The size of the checkerboard ranges from 3×3 to 8×8, but most commonly 5×5, like in the current design. It was traditionally conjectured that the colours originally represented two ancient Croat states, Red Croatia and White Croatia, but there is no historical evidence to support this.


5000 Kuna 1943

The patterns from Croatian women's folk clothes.