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5000 Kuna 1943, Croatia

in Krause book Number: 14a
Years of issue: 15.07.1943
Signatures: Podpredsjednik: Dr. Junus Mehmedagić, Predsjednik: Dr. Dragutin Toth
Serie: Hrvatska Državna Banka
Specimen of: 1943
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 180 х 94
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5000 Kuna 1943




Diamond pattern.


5000 Kuna 1943

Narodna nošnja Narodna nošnja

On the left is a girl in festive folk clothes and a headdress. Across the whole banknote field there are the patterns from Croatian women's folk clothes.

I decided, as usual, to determine more precisely - from what region of Croatia is this girl on the banknote?

About the headdress - only on the coast of Dalmatia, snow-white pleated starch caps were laid like Italian Tovaglias.

Narodna nošnja Narodna nošnja

I wrote to the Bank of Croatia and the largest library of Zagreb, but received no answers.

Having conducted my own investigation of the issue, I came to the following conclusion:

The girl on the banknote from Dalmatia (Adriatic coast).

First, I found a photo from the village of Vrlika (Dalmatia), where the headdress corresponds to that shown on the banknote, but .. the black color of the blouse (or zobun, zubun) is more suitable for the city of Split and its surroundings (also Dalmatia, but already on the very sea coast).


On background is the coat of arms of the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945).

Coat of Arms of Independent State of Croatia is a shield of 25 square white (silver) and red (blood colors) shields, arranged alternately in five rows so that the starting field is white (silver). On the coat of arms it is a star-shaped figure in a troplet of a vase of the same red color, that frames a white field with the big letter U in dark blue color.

Letter U comes from The Ustaša – Croatian Revolutionary Movement (Croatian: Ustaša – Hrvatski revolucionarni pokret), commonly known as Ustaše (Croatian: Ustaše), was a Croatian fascist, racist, ultranationalist and terrorist organization, active, as one organization, between 1929 and 1945. Its members murdered hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews, and Roma as well as political dissidents in Yugoslavia during World War II.

They are variously known in English as the Ustaše, Ustashe, Ustashi, Ustahis, or Ustashas; with the associated adjective sometimes being Ustashe or Ustasha, apart from Ustaše. This variance stems from the fact that Ustaše is the plural form of Ustaša in the Serbo-Croatian language.

The ideology of the movement was a blend of fascism, Roman Catholicism and Croatian nationalism. The Ustaše supported the creation of a Greater Croatia that would span the Drina River and extend to the border of Belgrade. The movement emphasized the need for a racially "pure" Croatia and promoted genocide against Serbs, Jews and Romani people, and persecution of anti-fascist or dissident Croats and Bosniaks. The Ustaše viewed the Bosniaks as "Muslim Croats," and as a result, Bosniaks were not persecuted on the basis of race.


5000 Kuna 1943

The patterns from Croatian women's folk clothes.