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500 Rubels 1992, Belarus

in Krause book Number: 16
Years of issue: 08.12.1992
Edition: --
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 1992
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 105 x 53
Printer: Goznak, Московская печатная фабрика - филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Rubels 1992

Description

Watermark:

Watermark

Tangled lines.

Avers:

500 Rubels 1992

A little to the right of the center of the banknote field, on the background of guilloche elements, is an image of Victory Square, in the city of Minsk. In the foreground is the obelisk, in the background is one of the semicircular houses, on the roofs of which the slogan "EXPLOIT OF PEOPLE" is placed. The obelisk overlaps the letters "AR" (people - nARoda). In the upper right part there is the value of “FIVE HUNDRED RUBLES”, under the inscription the nominal designation is duplicated in numbers - 500. In the lower left part of the banknote there is a patterned vignette, inside which the nominal value is 500. The series and number of banknotes are placed above this vignette and printed in black. At the bottom of the banknote, a patterned border passes through all the fields, interrupted by the Obelisk of Victory. On the sides of the border are protective repeating inscriptions "RESPUBLIKABELARUS", made in small print.

Minsk

Victory Square (Belarusian: Пло́шча Перамо́гі, Russian: Пло́щадь Побе́ды) — square in the centre of the City of Minsk located at the crossing of Independence Avenue and Zakharau Street. The square is located in the historic centre of Minsk nearby with the museum of the 1st Congress of RSDRP, Main offices of National State TV and Radio and City House of Marriages. A green park stretches from the Victory Square to the river of Svislach and to the entrance to the M. Gorky Park. Victory Square is the key landmark of Minsk. Holiday parades go through the square. The newly married traditionally take their picture at the square. Victory Square is the Belorussian version of Red Square in Moscow in the Russian Federation.

A 3-meter replica of the Order of Victory crowns a granite column of 38 metre erected in the centre of the square. The Sacred Sword of Victory is at the base of the monument. The monument was built in 1954 in honour of the soldiers of the Soviet Army and partisans of Belarus. Sculptors: Z. Azgur, A. Bembel, S. Selikhanau. Architects: U. Karol, G. Zagorski.

The four facets of the pedestal hold bronze relief thematic images: "May 9, 1945", "Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War", "Belarusian Partisans", "Honour to Heroes who gave their lives for liberation".

The four bronze wreaths around the obelisk signify the four Fronts. The soldiers of these fronts gave their lives fighting to liberate Belarus from German Fascist invaders.

Buildings around the Victory Square. The red letters on the buildings read "Heroic deed of the people is immortal".

Prior to 1958 the square held a name "Kruglaya" (Round). Builders led by architect R. Stoler started constructing two round buildings around the square. During the Great Patriotic War the buildings were partially destroyed. R. Stoler returned to Minsk in 1957 to help rebuild these buildings. Before the Great Patriotic War a street car was running on Sovetskaya street through the square. Before the construction of the Victory Monument there was a memorial stone fenced with a chain.

In 1946 the BSSR government opened a competition for design of a Victory Memorial. Initially the site was planned in the vicinity of the current "Kastrychnitskaya" (October) square. Selected design provided for a 48-metre monument made of white pink marble. To open the memorial by the 10th anniversary of liberation of Belarus, the design was adjusted to use gray granite and make the column 10 meters shorter.

Ukrainian quarries near Dnepropetrovsk and Zhytomyr provided the granite for construction. Leningrad Academy of Arts crafted the mosaic for the Order of Victory. Ukrainian carvers indented the granite reliefs. Leningrad factory "Monumentskulptura" cast bronze reliefs, sward and wreaths.

3 July 1961,on the 17th anniversary of liberation of Minsk, Honourable Citizen of Minsk, Hero of Soviet Union colonel-general Alexei Burdeinei lit the Eternal Flame at the foundation of the obelisk.

In 1984 architects B. Larchenko, B. Shkolnikov, K.Vyazgin re-designed the square from round into oval to fit the exits from metro station. On 1 July 1984 granite blocks were mounted with capsules containing soil from Soviet Hero Cities: Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Volgograd, Kiev, Odessa, Sevastopol, Kerch, Novorossiysk, Tula, Brest Fortress. In 1985 capsules with soil from Hero Cities Smolensk and Murmansk were added.

8 May 1985 in commemoration of 40th anniversary of Victory in Great Patriotic War a Memorial Hall opened in the pedestrian underpass under the Victory Square. The Hall honours the Heroes of Soviet Union who gave their lives to liberate Belarus from Nazi occupation. A circular gallery under the square connects the underpass with the Memorial Hall. Artist V. Pozhyak crafted a highlighted glass wreath in the center of the Hall. A bronze star of Hero of Soviet Union is embedded in the hall's wall. 566 names of natives from Belarus and other Soviet republics are listed on the wall. Those are the people who fought to liberate Belorussian soil and were awarded the title of Hero of Soviet Union for their heroic deeds.

In 2003 the square was slightly updated to improve the monument stability due to damage from metro trains running under it, as well as to replace the grown-up firs with grass lawns.

Revers:

500 Rubels 1992

The National Emblem "The Chase" (1991 to 1995) and denomination, as well as the words "."

The emblem is placed in a patterned vignette, which is placed against a background of guilloche elements. On the sides of the vignette in blue ovals placed indication of the nominal value. In the lower part, there are two patterned borders, between which is placed the inscription “The currency bill of the National Bank of Belarus”. In the right lower part there is the year 1992. In the upper right part there is an inscription in small letters "Counterfeiting of bills of National Bank of Belarus is punishable by law."

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