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10 Som 1997, Kyrgyzstan

in Krause book Number: 14
Years of issue: 17.12.1997
Signatures: Председатель (Тoрага) НБКР: Марат Абдыразакович Султанов (07.1994 - 12.1998)
Serie: 1997 - 2001 Issue
Specimen of: 1997
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 135 × 65
Printer: De la Rue currency,Loughton

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Som 1997




Kasym Tynystanov.


10 Som 1997

It is made on white paper with the size of 135x65 mm. The predominant color of the banknote is dark green. Red, green and blue fibers are embedded in the paper, as well as colorless fibers luminescing in UV light. Paper has a local watermark, repeating the portrait depicted on the front side of the banknote. A windowed metallized security thread with the microtext "KYRGYZ BANK" was introduced into the paper.

On the front side of the banknote is the text "KYRGYZ BANKY" and the signature of the Chairman (Toraga) of the NBKR with an elevated relief, the serial number of the banknote executed in red and the number "10". In the center of the interior there is an image of the face value "10", made with silver paint; a portrait of Kasym Tynystanov - the first Kyrgyz professor, the author of the first textbooks on the Kyrgyz language, one of the founders of Kyrgyz written literature - and the inscription "KASYM (1901-1938)". The portrait and the inscriptions on the banknote are rough to the touch. On the white coupon field is a conventional label in the form of a geometric figure with elevated relief for people with impaired vision. On the right is the serial number, executed in black, the size of the digits increases from the top down. At the bottom there are numbers "10", containing a micro-font from the continuous series of numbers "10"; the text "HE SOM", which is underlined by the line of micro-font "KYRGYZ BANK", and the through register in the form of an ornament.

Kasym Tynystanov

Kasym Tynystanov (Kyrgyz: Касым Тыныстанов) (1901–1938) was a prominent Kyrgyz scientist, politician and poet. He served as the first Minister of Education of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Kasym Tynystanov was born in 1901 in the village of Chirpykty in the Issyk Kul Province. According to his autobiography he learned to read and write the Arabic alphabet from his father. He went to school between 1912 and 1916 in Karakol and Sazonovka village (current name: Ananievo) of Ysyk Kul province.

Literacy was minimal among Kyrgyz nomads at the beginning of the 20th century—the literacy rate was 2.5% in 1924. In 1916 after an unsuccessful revolt against Tsarist authorities, most of the residents of Ysyk Kul, fleeing Russian troops, escaped to China, Kasym and his parents were among them. They returned in December 1917. After a period of unsuccessfully attempting to get education in Karakol, he moved to Almaty, where education opportunities did exist. Through Almaty authorities he entered the Kazakh Institute of Education (Kazinpros) in Tashkent.

Tynystanov was arrested, as part of Stalin's Great Purge, on 1 August 1938 and was subsequently executed on 6 November the same year.


10 Som 1997

On the reverse side of the banknote is the text "KYRGYZ BANK" and the number "10", which contains the micro-font "KYRGYZ BANK". In the center there is an image of the mountain ranges of Kyrgyzstan and the Jeti-Ögüz tract. In the ornament forming the background grid, there is a micro-font indicating the denomination of the banknote ("ON COM"). On the left on the vertical ornamental strip there is the number "10" and the text "ON SOM". On the right is a cross-cutting register and the year of issue of the banknote "1997".

dzhety oguz

In lower part of banknote is The Jeti-Ögüz tract.

Jeti-Ögüz (Djety-Oguz Gorge) or the Seven Bulls (Kirghizia Jeti-Өgүz) - a picturesque mountain canyon in Kirghizia, 28 km. to the west of the city of Karakol (formerly Przhevalsk), along the southern shore of Issyk-Kul.

Jeti-Ögüz gorge (translated from Kyrgyz - "seven bulls") is located in the floodplain of the river of the same name on the northern slope of the Terskey Ala-Too ridge, in the south of the Issyk-Kul lake, 25 km. south-west of Karakol. The gorge is 37 km. long. It is covered with lush vegetation and has received such an unusual name from the monumental ridge of red rocks "Seven Bulls". These rocks are so magnificent that they are depicted on Soviet postage stamps issued in 1968. In the gorge, at an altitude of 2200 meters, near the ridge, is the Jeti-Ögüz resort, famous for its healing geothermal springs. Another notable rock is the famous Broken Heart, the site of a true pilgrimage of lovers.

Terskey Alatau

In many descriptions of banknotes of Kyrgyzstan written - the most beautiful peaks of Kyrgyzstan ..

On the rights of the owner of the site, I dare to express my supposition about the tops on this banknote.

Having seen a lot of photos, it seems to me that on top of this banknote is Teskey-Ala-Too.

Teskei-Ala-Too, also Terskey-Alatau, Terskey-Ala-Too (from Kirk Teskey Ala-Too, Tereiskey Alatau) is a mountain range in Kyrgyzstan and partly in Kazakhstan, which limits the Issyk-Kul basin from the south.

On the maps of the Kirghiz SSR the ridge is called "Terskey Alatau" or "Terskey Ala-Tau".

The word kirg. Ala-Too in the Kyrgyz language means "snow mountains" or "mountains with eternal snow". "Teskey" means "non-sunny (shadow) side" - the slopes of the northern exposition.

The name of the ridge is contrasted with the Küngöy-Ala-Too (Kungei Alatau) ridge (Kirghiz Kala Ala-Too), located on the northern part of the Issyk-Kul basin, whose southern slopes are lit by the sun.

The Teskey-Ala-Too range is located in the north-eastern part of Kyrgyzstan and closes the Issyk-Kul basin from the south. Its crest extends, in latitudinal direction, to 375 kilometers and rises in its highest part, located to the south of the city of Karakol (former Przhevalsk), at 5281 meters above sea level (Karakolsky peak). The average height of the ridge is about 4500 m.

The Teskey-Ala-Too Range following the massif of the Pobeda Peak and Khan-Tengri (Kirghiz Khan-Tekiri) is the second largest center of the Tien-Shan glaciation; there are about 1100 glaciers with a total area of ​​1081 km².

A little more than half of the Teskey-Ala-Too glaciation area falls on the northern slopes facing Issyk-Kul, where large glaciation nodes are located in the upper reaches of the Turgen-Aksu, Aksu, Arashan, Karakol, Dzhety-Oguz and Konurulen rivers.

In the mountains of Teskey-Ala-Too there are many beautiful places: Altyn-Arashan, Barskoon, Dzhety-Oguz, Karakol. The ridge of Teskey-Ala-Too is very beautiful in a variety of landscapes. In one day you can see the beauty of red sandy cliffs, wild forest and snow peaks, widely spread over the lake Issyk-Kul. Each gorge is unique and unrepeatable.