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20 Som 2009, Kyrgyzstan

in Krause book Number: 24
Years of issue: 01.07.2009
Edition: --
Signatures: Председатель (Тoрага) НБКР: Алапаев Марат Ормонбекович (19.05.2006 - 28.04.2010)
Serie: Fourth Series
Specimen of: 2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 120 × 58
Printer: Francois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire SA, Colombes

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Som 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Togolok Moldo.

Avers:

20 Som 2009

It is made on white paper with the size of 120x58 mm. The predominant color of the banknote is red. Paper has a local watermark, repeating the portrait depicted on the front side of the banknote. A windowed metallized security thread with a microtext "20 COM" is embedded in the paper. On the edges of the banknote are located white coupon fields.

The banknote has an original design and improved security features.

Above the banknote are the text "KYRGYZ BANKY", the signature of the Chairman (Төрага) of the NBKR, the serial number of the banknote executed in red paint. Located on the white field of the watermark, the overlapping images on the lumen form the word "catfish". In the left part of the banknote is a portrait of Togolok Moldo - akyn-writer, poet, educator - and the inscription "Togolok Moldo 1860-1942". The portrait is made visible with the magnification of the micro-font of the repeatedly repeated inscription "Togolok Moldo". In the lines to the right of the portrait, with an increase, the repeated inscription "Kyrgyz Banks" is visible. To the right of the portrait is depicted a komuz. Under the portrait is the text "ZHYYRMA SOM". In the upper left and lower right corners there are figures of nominal "20". In the lower right corner is a serial number, executed in black.

togolok moldo

Togolok Moldo (Kyrgyz: Тоголок Молдо; real name: Bayymbet Abdyrakhmanov; 10 June 1860 – 4 January 1942) was a Kyrgyz poet, Manaschi and folk song writer. Born in Ak-Talaa district, Naryn Region (oblast). Togolok Moldo by his audiences – "togolok" means round-faced, "moldo" means an educated person. He is buried near the village of about 3,000 persons named for him in Ak-Talaa district.

Akyn Togolok Moldo was born in the area of ​​Kurtka (now Ak-Talin district, Naryn oblast) to a peasant family on June 10 (according to other sources on June 17) in 1860. The father of the future akyn, Abdrakhman, was an expert in Kyrgyz lyrics and often performed with songs among the people.

From the age of 9, Bayymbet studied literacy with a local mullah. He studied at a rural Muslim school. At the age of 14, having lost his father, he was brought up from his grandfather's brother, Muzoko, the well-known akyn and komuzista. After 4 years, Muzoook died, and their family, being in distress, was forced to move to Djumgal and to hire a farm laborer to a local manapa. However, even here their situation did not improve, and they moved to the Chui valley to the relatives of the mother in the village. Kara-Dobie near the town of Tokmak. Here Bayymbet traps on local bays. Striving for knowledge forced Bayymbet to hire a farm laborer to a local mullah. However, the mullah did not care much about his training, and he quarreled with him, leaves. He works as a doctor, teaches children to read and write. Living in the Chui Valley, Bayymbet gets acquainted with the famous Kyrgyz and Kazakh singers-improvisers, reads books by Nizami, Navoi, Firdousi, Hafiz, Abay, etc. During these years he learned the skill of retelling the epic "Manas" from the famous Tanibek manaschy.

In 1887, Bayymbet returned to his native village Kurtka and with new strength gave himself creative work. For his remarkable appearance - he was a stocky and dense (round) and for the ability to read and write akyna called "Togolok Moldo." Subsequently, this nickname became his constant pseudonym.

In 1880 Togolok Moldo meets in Ketmen-Tube with his famous contemporary akyn Democrat Toktogul Satylganov. After the return of Toktogul, a permanent link is established from the link between them.

In the satirical poems and poems "Kemchonta", "Babyrkany" (both - 1900) Togolok Moldov denounced the greed of the rich, in the poem "The Tale of Water and Land Birds" (1908) in an allegorical form depicted social contradictions.

In pre-revolutionary times Togolok Moldova for its democratic views and speeches in defense of the common people has repeatedly been persecuted by bais and manapas. In 1916, due to persecution by the manapov, he was forced to leave his native places and move to the ail of Kol-Boor of the present Toguz-Toru district. There he meets the October Revolution, becomes its spokesman, actively participates in the establishment of Soviet power in his native land. Akyn enthusiastically met the October Revolution of 1917. He wrote poems "Revolution" (1918), "Freedom" (1919-1923).

In the early 1920s, the embittered enemies of the Soviet regime were trying to kill the akyn, the Basmachi twice ravaged his house, taking his wife away. In 1923 he again returns to his native village Kurtka, one of the first to join the collective farm. In 1936-1938 he donated to the fund of the Research Institute under the People's Commissariat of the Republic a huge amount of valuable materials on ethnography, history and folklore of the Kirghiz.

He died on January 4, 1942. He was buried in his homeland.

To compose verses and record them Togolok Moldov started at the age of 14. His many-sided creativity nourished the life-giving juices of two mighty sources: Kirghiz folklore and progressive progressive pre-revolutionary written literature of the East, published in the Tatar and Kazakh languages. Breaking this in his work Togolok Moldo became a true innovator in Kyrgyz poetry.

The pre-revolutionary creativity of Togolok Moldova is characterized by a realistic reflection of the grave slavery of the common people, the expression of its aspirations and hopes, a call for the desire to realize their bright dreams.

In his youth, akyn created a number of works about love. In the poems "Chernoglazaya", "Tolgoyai", "Dedication of the jigit to the girl", "Dedication of the girl to the jigit" and the poem "Urpjukan" he calls on the Kyrgyz girls not to agree unhesitantly with their rightless share, to resist the negative aspects of patriarchal traditions, to defend their rights to love, his social position.

A special place in the work of Togolok Moldov is occupied by lamentations and lamentations-koshki and plachi-zhalby-armands. In the original and at the same time, the traditional form of lamentation for the deceased reveals the skill and skill of folk craftsmen, their creative work is celebrated. An example of such works are "Lamentations of the wife of a dekhanin", "Lamentation of the wife of a blacksmith". In the "Lamentation complaint of a girl married to a boy", "Lamentable complaint of a girl married to an elder", "Lamenting a girl who is enslaved for debts" akyn is indignant over the bondage of a disenfranchised Kyrgyz girl, vehemently denounces old patriarchal practices . He created a number of works on folklore subjects: "The Old Man with the Old Woman", "Babyrkan", "Telibay Tentek" and others, in which he exposes the ruling classes, holding the people in terrible darkness, calling him to enlightenment. In the satirical verses and poems "The tricks of the hodji", "The sheep in the turban", "The cry of Chacha", "The Underdog", he denounces the representatives of the ruling class in parasitism, greed and dullness, and in the poems The Legend of Water and Land Birds, "The Tale of Birds", etc. in allegorical form depicts the social contradictions of that society. Togolok Moldo is the founder of the fable genre in the Kyrgyz literature. The coming of Soviet power to the Kyrgyz land, the freedom acquired by its people, inspired the akyna to create a multitude of poems, which in manuscript form were distributed among the people. These are the poems "Revolution" (1918), "Freedom" (1919-1923), "Instruction" (1925), "Instruction to the poor" and others.

During the Great Patriotic War his songs "We Are Ready" (1941), "We Will Defeat" (1941) and others - called on the Soviet people to fight the enemy.

A specialist in Kyrgyz folklore, Togolok Moldo is also known as the performer of the epic Manas. Later he wrote the second part of the trilogy - "Semetey". He recorded samples of variants of the Kirghiz epics "Shyrdakbek", "Janil-Myrza", "Mendirman". He collected a large number of different legends, legends, proverbs, sayings.

The works of Togolok Moldo began to be published since 1925. The first edition of the akyna was the poem "Nasyut" ("Manual"), published in Moscow in 1925. Two more lifetime editions of akyn were released in 1939. All works of the creative heritage of the outstanding akyna-writer are published and reprinted in the native and Russian languages. Some of them have been translated into many languages ​​of the peoples of the USSR.

komuz

The komuz or qomuz (Kyrgyz: комуз Kyrgyz pronunciation: [qoˈmuz]), Azeri Qopuz, Turkish Kopuz, is an ancient fretless string instrument used in Central Asian music, related to certain other Turkic string instruments and the lute.

It is the best-known national instrument and one of the better-known Kyrgyz national symbols. The komuz is generally made from a single piece of wood (usually apricot or juniper) and has three strings traditionally made out of gut, and often from fishing line in modern times. In the most common tunings the middle string is the highest in pitch. Virtuosos frequently play the komuz in a variety of different positions; over the shoulder, between the knees and upside down. An illustration of a komuz is featured on the reverse of the one-som note.

Revers:

20 Som 2009

On the reverse side of the banknote there is the text "KYRGYZ BANK" and the figure "20". In the center of the banknote is Tash Rabat, one of the oldest structures of the Great Silk Road in Kyrgyzstan. The main plot image consists of stylized microimages of plants. Each architectural monument on banknotes of the whole series is located against the background of the most beautiful peaks of Kyrgyzstan, symbolizing that the characters depicted on banknotes reached the peak in their activity "literature, music, cinema, art." At the bottom of the banknote is a digital denomination of "20", the text "ZHYYRMA COM "and the year of issue of the banknote "2009".

Tash Rabat

Tash Rabat.

Tash Rabat is a well-preserved XV century stone caravanserai in At Bashy district, Naryn Province, Kyrgyzstan located at an altitude of 3,200 meters.

Tash Rabat was built in the XV century on the site of an older monastery of the IX-X centuries. There are two versions of its foundation: the first - the temple was founded by Christian monks from Syria or some Christian sect, the second - it was founded by Buddhist monks.

Over time, in Central Asia, Islam finally consolidated, the monastery began to decline. However, the proximity to the Silk Road did not allow the temple to become a desert. It was used as a caravanserai.

It is believed that Tash Rabat was a key point in crossing the Tien Shan, as it not only provided shelter for merchants, but also served as a fortification for robbery raids. Through Tash-Rabat, trade caravans were sent to the cities of the Fergana Valley.

Terskey Alatau

In many descriptions of banknotes of Kyrgyzstan written - the most beautiful peaks of Kyrgyzstan ..

On the rights of the owner of the site, I dare to express my supposition about the tops on this banknote.

Having seen a lot of photos, it seems to me that on this banknote - Teskey-Ala-Too.

Teskei-Ala-Too, also Terskey-Alatau, Terskey-Ala-Too (from Kirk Teskey Ala-Too, Tereiskey Alatau) is a mountain range in Kyrgyzstan and partly in Kazakhstan, which limits the Issyk-Kul basin from the south.

On the maps of the Kirghiz SSR the ridge is called "Terskey Alatau" or "Terskey Ala-Tau".

The word kirg. Ala-Too in the Kyrgyz language means "snow mountains" or "mountains with eternal snow". "Teskey" means "non-sunny (shadow) side" - the slopes of the northern exposition.

The name of the ridge is contrasted with the Küngöy-Ala-Too (Kungei Alatau) ridge (Kirghiz Kala Ala-Too), located on the northern part of the Issyk-Kul basin, whose southern slopes are lit by the sun.

The Teskey-Ala-Too range is located in the north-eastern part of Kyrgyzstan and closes the Issyk-Kul basin from the south. Its crest extends, in latitudinal direction, to 375 kilometers and rises in its highest part, located to the south of the city of Karakol (former Przhevalsk), at 5281 meters above sea level (Karakolsky peak). The average height of the ridge is about 4500 m.

The Teskey-Ala-Too Range following the massif of the Pobeda Peak and Khan-Tengri (Kirghiz Khan-Tekiri) is the second largest center of the Tien-Shan glaciation; there are about 1100 glaciers with a total area of ​​1081 km².

A little more than half of the Teskey-Ala-Too glaciation area falls on the northern slopes facing Issyk-Kul, where large glaciation nodes are located in the upper reaches of the Turgen-Aksu, Aksu, Arashan, Karakol, Dzhety-Oguz and Konurulen rivers.

In the mountains of Teskey-Ala-Too there are many beautiful places: Altyn-Arashan, Barskoon, Dzhety-Oguz, Karakol. The ridge of Teskey-Ala-Too is very beautiful in a variety of landscapes. In one day you can see the beauty of red sandy cliffs, wild forest and snow peaks, widely spread over the lake Issyk-Kul. Each gorge is unique and unrepeatable.

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