header Notes Collection

1 Som 2000, Kyrgyzstan

in Krause book Number: 15
Years of issue: 07.02.2000
Edition: --
Signatures: Председатель (Тoрага) НБКР: Сарбанов Улан Кытайбекович (1999 - 2006)
Serie: 1997 - 2001 Issue
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 120 × 60
Printer: De la Rue currency,Loughton

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Som 2000




Abdylas Maldybaev.


1 Som 2000


Abdylas Maldybaevich Maldybaev (Kyrgyz: Абдылас Малдыбаев, July 7, 1906 – June 1, 1978) was a Kyrgyz composer, actor, and operatic tenor singer. Maldybaev was one of the composers of the state anthem of the Kirghiz SSR and is still renowned for his operatic composition. He helped popularize Kyrgyz music by skillfully using Western European techniques.

Aldybayev provided folk melodies and composed music which was organized and prepared by Russian composers Vladimir Vlasov and Vladimir Fere into six Soviet state opera and other works. Their first full opera was Ai-churek. The collective is usually hyphenated as Vlasov-Fere-Maldybayev, which also composed the Kirghiz national anthem.

Born June 24 (July 7), 1906, (on other sources - June 7) in the village of Karabulak, (now - in the Kemin district, Chui province, Kyrgyzstan) in the family of a dekhan.

In 1922 he wrote his first song "Akinay" on his own verses, which became popular among the people.

In 1923 he entered the Kazakh-Kyrgyz Institute of Education in Alma-Ata. A year later he transferred to the newly opened first Kyrgyz Pedagogical Technical School in Frunze (now the Zhusup Balasagyn National University of Kyrgyzstan), which he graduated in 1929. During his studies he participated in artistic self-awareness, sang in the choir, performed in dramatic productions, to which he composed music.

His first teachers were Russian musicians D. Kovalev, P. Shubin, as well as the collector of Kyrgyz folklore A. Zataevich.

In 1929-1930 he was the head of the teaching unit and the teacher of the Kyrgyz Music and Drama Studio. At the same time he participated in the musical design of performances, acted as an actor.

In 1930-1933 he was the director of the Kyrgyz musical technical school in Frunze.

In 1933-1936 - the artist of the Kyrgyz State Theater (created on the basis of the Kyrgyz Music and Drama Studio), appeared in dramatic plays as an actor and as a singer. From 1936 to 1962 he was a soloist of the Kyrgyz Musical Drama Theater (established on the basis of the Kyrgyz State Theater, since 1942 - the Kyrgyz Opera and Ballet Theater, now the A. Maldybaev National Academic Opera and Ballet Theater).

In 1942 he was the first performer of Lensky's part in the opera "Eugene Onegin" by P. Tchaikovsky on the Kyrgyz stage.

He was engaged in concert and performing activities and simultaneously composition.

In 1940 he began studying at the national studio of the Moscow Conservatoire, but for the period of the war the training was interrupted. He was restored in the conservatory in 1947 and graduated from a special course in 1950 (the class composition of GI Litinsky, then VG Fere).

In 1953-1954 he was the director of the Frunze Musical and Choreographic School. M. Kurenkeeva.

Maldybaev is the author of music (together with the composers VA Vlasov and VG Fere) of the National Anthem of the Kirghiz SSR (1946).

From 1939 - Chairman of the Organizing Committee, from 1948 to 1968 - Chairman of the Board of the Union of Composers of the Kirghiz SSR. Since 1948 - Member of the Board and Secretary of the Union of Composers of the USSR and a member of the Committee on State Prizes of the USSR with the USSR Council of Ministers. Since 1951 - Member of the Republican branch of the Soviet Peace Committee.

Member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the 1st convocation, deputy of the Supreme Council of the Kirghiz SSR of the 2nd and 4th convocations.

He died on June 1, 1978 in Frunze (now Bishkek). He was buried at the Ala-Archin cemetery.

In the composer's creative heritage there are about 300 different works, including more than 200 songs and choruses. He played a major role in the creation and development of the Kyrgyz Soviet song, appearing as the founder of new genres for Kyrgyzstan, like song-hymns, song-marches, romances and children's songs, choirs, cantatas, oratorios.

Together with the composers VA Vlasov and VG Fere, he participated in the creation of the first Kyrgyz musical dramas, operas, ballets and other works.

Against the background is the Kyrgyz national ornament.

Denomination in numerals is in lower left corner. In words centered, at the bottom.


1 Som 2000

Above is the text "KYRGYZ BANK" and the number "1".

In the center there is an image of the Kyrgyz national instruments: komuz and kylkyyak on the background of the Kyrgyz State Philharmonic in Bishkek. On the right below is the year "1999". On the left on the vertical ornamental strip is the figure "1" and the text "BIR COM".


The komuz or qomuz (Kyrgyz: комуз Kyrgyz pronunciation: [qoˈmuz]), Azeri Qopuz, Turkish Kopuz, is an ancient fretless string instrument used in Central Asian music, related to certain other Turkic string instruments and the lute.

It is the best-known national instrument and one of the better-known Kyrgyz national symbols. The komuz is generally made from a single piece of wood (usually apricot or juniper) and has three strings traditionally made out of gut, and often from fishing line in modern times. In the most common tunings the middle string is the highest in pitch. Virtuosos frequently play the komuz in a variety of different positions; over the shoulder, between the knees and upside down. An illustration of a komuz is featured on the reverse of the one-som note.

kyl kjak

Kyl kyak (or kyak) is a traditional stringed bow instrument. The national kyyak is made from an ureak or nut tree. It has two strings and a bow (zhaa). The form of the kyaka is bucket-shaped, the short neck is slightly arched, two wooden spikes are attached to the round head. The upper half of the body is open, the lower half is covered with camel skin. The approximate length of the instrument is 60-70 cm. The largest width of the body is 16-20 cm. The strings are made of unshaved horsehair. The bow has an arcuate shape, horse hair is also pulled on it. The material for making the bow is a strong mountain plant tabylga (spiraea).

Arsenal of performing techniques in kyyakchy (performers on kyyak) is not as rich as that of komuzchu. They play the kyl kyak sitting while holding the instrument in a vertical position and leaning the lower part of the body against the knee. Folk musicians hold a bow from below, turning the palm of their right hand up.


Against the background - the building of the Kyrgyz National Philharmony in Bishkek (Frunze).

In the heart of the capital of Kyrgyzstan, on Chui Avenue, surrounded by a square, the snow-white building of the Kyrgyz National Philharmony is buried in greenery and flowers. In front of the temple of art, in a leap on his horse, the legendary hero, Manas, fought with the sword of the dragon. Bishkek residents and guests like to make a promenade along the alleys that stretch around the monument and enjoy the coolness from the fountain, the foamy streams of which shine and sparkle in the sun.

The Kyrgyz National Philharmonic is named in honor of the composer, virtuoso musician, akyn Toktogul Saltyganov. The importance of the personality of a well-deserved poet and musician in the culture of Kyrgyzstan can not be overestimated. Keeper of traditional art, master of folk epic, he was also one of the founders of modern Kyrgyz literature.

The building of the Philharmonic was built in 1980, and consists of two concert halls. The large hall accommodates 1 108 seats and a small organ hall - 314 seats. Not far from it is the house of the government of Kyrgyzstan and the National State University.

The temple of art keeps a rich history, its walls are remembered by performances of bright stars of musical Olympus, the best artists of their time: from the corpse of the Moscow Bolshoi Theater to the Moscow Art Theater. It also hosts events of a national scale.

On left side is the Kyrgyz ornament, used on theater building.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In words on left side, vertically.


Banknotes Series 1997-2005.

The design of banknotes 1-10 Som and 200-1000 Som was developed by designer A.P. Tsygankov, and 20-100 Som by M.K. Sagimbayev.