header Notes Collection
Top

100 Manat 2005, Turkmenistan

in Krause book Number: 18
Years of issue: 26.10.2005
Edition: --
Signatures: President: Saparmyrat Atayewic Nyyazow
Serie: 2005 Issue
Specimen of: 26.10.2005
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 75
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Manat 2005

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov.

Avers:

100 Manat 2005

Niyazov

The engraving on banknote is based, presumably, after this photo of former Turkmen president Niyazov.

Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (Saparmurat Atayewiç Nyýazow, 19 February 1940 - 21 December 2006) was a Turkmen politician who served as the leader of Turkmenistan from 1985 until his death in 2006. He was First Secretary of the Turkmen Communist Party from 1985 until 1991 and continued to lead Turkmenistan for 15 years after independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

More to the left is the emblem of Turkmenistan.

The State Emblem of Turkmenistan

The State Emblem of Turkmenistan was created after Turkmenistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The eight-point green starburst (known as the Rub El Hizb), a symbol of Islam, to which a majority of Turkmen profess) with golden edges features in its center a red circular disc which carries sheaves of wheat, five carpet guls, and centered upon that a smaller blue circle with a lifelike (rather than heraldized) depiction of former President Saparmurat Niyazov's pet Akhal-Teke horse Yanardag, a source of pride for the Turkmen people. A round variant of the emblem was used from 1992 until 2003.

The five traditional carpet motifs on the red disc represent the five major tribes or houses, and stand for the traditional and religious values of the country. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Arsary (Ersary), Chowdur (Choudur), and Saryk (Saryq). The Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result of military defeat before the modern period, are not represented, nor are several smaller tribes or subtribes.

The green and red colors appear in this shield because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The central elements are surrounded by sheaves of wheat that allude to the custom to welcome to guests with salt and bread. Atop the wheat and the red circle appear a waxing crescent moon of white, typical of Turkic symbology, and five five-pointed stars also of white. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces (Welayatlar) of Turkmenistan-Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, and Mary. Most of the elements of the coat of arms are present in the national flag.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners, lower left in words.

Revers:

100 Manat 2005

Central Bank of Turkmenistan

The building of the central bank of Turkmenistan in Ashgabat, built in 2002.

Architects: AGENCE R. BELLON & ARCREA STUDIO.

Contractor: BOUYGUES CONST.

Located 2 km. south of the center of Ashgabat, featuring a giant gold ingot on the front. The front panel is designed by the Turkish firm "Metal Yapi", with an office in Istanbul. (www.metalyapi.com)

On the background are Turkmen patterns.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners, lower right in words.

Comments:

Withdrawn from circulation since December 31, 2009.