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100 Euro 2002, Germany

in Krause book Number: 12x
Years of issue: 2002 - 2003
Edition:
Signatures: The President of the European Central Bank: Mr. Wim Duisenberg
Serie: Architecture
Specimen of: 2002
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 147 х 82
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Muenchen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Euro 2002

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The banknote protected by a watermark in the form of a arch in Baroque/Rococo, copying the image on the front side and the number "100".

Avers:

100 Euro 2002

On the right side shows a arch in Baroque/Rococo styles.

The Baroque is a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, theatre, and music. The style began around 1600 in Rome and Italy, and spread to most of Europe.

The popularity and success of the Baroque style was encouraged by the Catholic Church, which had decided at the time of the Council of Trent, in response to the Protestant Reformation, that the arts should communicate religious themes with direct and emotional involvement. The aristocracy viewed the dramatic style of Baroque art and architecture as a means of impressing visitors by projecting triumph, power, and control. Baroque palaces are built around an entrance of courts, grand staircases, and reception rooms of sequentially increasing opulence. However, "baroque" has a resonance and application that extend beyond a simple reduction to either a style or period.

Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", is an early to late 18th-century French artistic movement and style, affecting many aspects of the arts including painting, sculpture, architecture, interior design, decoration, literature, music, and theatre. It developed in the early 18th century in Paris, France as a reaction against the grandeur, symmetry, and strict regulations of the previous Baroque architectural style, especially of the Palace of Versailles, until it was redone. Rococo artists and architects used a more jocular, florid, and graceful approach to the Baroque. Their style was ornate and used light colours, asymmetrical designs, curves, and gold. Unlike the political Baroque, the Rococo had playful and witty themes. The interior decoration of Rococo rooms was designed as a total work of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. Rococo was strongly influenced by chinoiserie and was frequently in association with Chinese figures and pagodas.

By the end of the XVIII century, Rococo was largely replaced by the Neoclassic style. In 1835 the Dictionary of the French Academy stated that the word Rococo "usually covers the kind of ornament, style and design associated with Louis XV's reign and the beginning of that of Louis XVI". It includes therefore, all types of art from around the middle of the XVIII century in France. The word is seen as a combination of the French rocaille (stone) and coquilles (shell), due to reliance on these objects as decorative motifs. The term may also be a combination of the Italian word "barocco" (an irregularly shaped pearl, possibly the source of the word "baroque") and the French "rocaille" (a popular form of garden or interior ornamentation using shells and pebbles) and may describe the refined and fanciful style that became fashionable in parts of Europe in the XVIII century.

The Rococo love of shell-like curves and focus on decorative arts led some critics to say that the style was frivolous or merely modish. When the term was first used in English in about 1836, it was a colloquialism meaning "old-fashioned". The style received harsh criticism and was seen by some to be superficial and of poor taste, especially when compared to neoclassicism; despite this, it has been praised for its aesthetic qualities, and since the mid-19th century, the term has been accepted by art historians. While there is still some debate about the historical significance of the style to art in general, Rococo is now widely recognized as a major period in the development of European art.

In the center there are 12 stars - the emblem of the European Union, and in the upper left corner - the European flag.

Revers:

100 Euro 2002

Architectural styles: Baroque/Rococo.

Pont de Neuilly Pont de Neuilly Pont de Neuilly

The stone bridge and a map of Europe.

The architectural style of the baroque bridge structure on 100 Euro bill is, probably, from the architect Jean-Rudolf Perronet (Pont de Neuilly, Paris, 1772). This bridge was built in an amazing ratio of 9 to 1. It describes the ratio of the length of the span of the arch to the thickness of the support. Since then there was hardly any information about the statics, it would have been at the time a truly risky venture. The architect was an amateur of large exits. On the national holiday, the wooden support structure was blown up with a great roar, but the performance was well prepared: The day before the architect had already secretly disconnected the forests from the bridge.Therefore, the bridge under the blasting of scaffolding could not collapse any more .

Comments:

Banknote with the letter X in front of the serial number. Released into circulation by Bank of Germany.

Banknote Design made by an artist of the National Bank of Austria, Robert Kalina and selected from among 44 entries at 3 December 1996 by consultation of the European Monetary Institute.

All euro banknotes have the signature of the current President of the ECB. Director appointed for a term of eight years.

The following islands and overseas territories are shown on the back of euro banknotes: the Azores, the Canary Islands, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Madeira, Martinique and Reunion.

Security thread with repeating text "100 EURO" passes to the left of center. Holographic insert is on the front right side. Depending on the angle of view on it, you can see the symbol of the euro, a rating of 100 or word «EURO» in Latin and Greek alphabets.

On each of the seven denominations of Euro banknotes has six-character code which contains information about the printing, which is printed on a banknote. Code looks cliche «G013B6», where the first letter identifies the printing press, the next three digits identify the number pad. For example, "013" refers to the 13th printing plate printing. The fifth and sixth elements of the code are respectively the row and column location on the banknote cliche. So, when this bill was on the code pad in the second row, sixth column.

Attention: Code cliche in the bill should not coincide with the country code!