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100 Nuevos Soles 2012, Peru

in Krause book Number: 185
Years of issue: 22.03.2012
Edition: 360 000 000
Signatures: Presidente: Sr. Julio Velarde Flores, Director: Sr. Jaime Serida Nishimura, Gerente General: Sr. Renzo Rossini Miñán
Serie: 2009 Issue
Specimen of: 31.08.2011
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 140 x 65
Printer: Francois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire SA, Colombes

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Nuevos Soles 2012

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Jorge Basadre Grohmann, denomination 100 and Peruvian flag.

Avers:

100 Nuevos Soles 2012

Jorge Basadre Grohmann

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Jorge Basadre Grohmann.

Jorge Basadre Grohmann (February 12, 1903 - June 29, 1980) was a Peruvian historian known for his extensive publications about the independent history of his country. He served during two different administrations as Minister of Education and was also director of the Peruvian National Library.

arch

In center is an allegorical arch in Tacna (the birthplace of Jorge Basadre Grohmann), before which stand statues of national heroes Miguel María Grau Seminario and Francisco Bolognesi Cervantes.

church

Centered, right of the arch, is the Tacna Cathedral.

The Cathedral of Tacna or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary is the main temple of the city of Tacna, in Peru; it began to be built in 1875, in the same place as the old and first temple of the place. For various reasons; one of them the Pacific War, the work culminated in the year 1954, when Peru was ruled by Manuel A. Odría. This construction was started by the firm "Petot y Compañía", subsidiary by the Eiffel in Paris, and completed by the firm "Garibaldi Hermanos SA", inaugurated on August 28, 1954. The material used was stone quarrying, extracted from the Arunta and Intiorko hills of the city.

Across the field of banknote are the patterns.

Denomination in numerals are in lower right corner and centered. In words - centered.

Revers:

100 Nuevos Soles 2012

Gran Pajatén Gran Pajatén

Gran Pajatén, by gold (on banknote) made the reliefs of the people on the wall of this historical monument.

Gran Pajatén is an archaeological site located in the Andean cloud forests of Peru, on the border of the La Libertad region and the San Martín region, between the Marañon and Huallaga rivers. The archaeological site lies in the Rio Abiseo National Park, which was established in 1983. The park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Natural Site in 1990, and Cultural Site in 1992. In order to protect the fragile ruins and endangered environment, the archaeological site and the national park are currently not open to visitors without permits from Peru's Ministry of Agriculture and National Institute of Culture.

The related site of Los Pinchudos is located very near Gran Pajaten.

Gran Pajatén sits on a hilltop above the Montecristo River valley, and consists of a series of at least 26 circular stone structures atop numerous terraces and stairways. The ruins occupy an area of about 20,000 m². The principal buildings are decorated with slate mosaics displaying human, bird and geometric motifs. Analysis of ceramic samples and radiocarbon dates show that the area was occupied as early as 200 BCE, but the visible building ruins on the present site were constructed during Inca times. Based primarily on architectural evidence, the settlement is attributed to the Chachapoyas culture.

Explorer Gene Savoy is erroneously credited with having found the ruins in 1965. The site is rumored to have been discovered around 1940 by Juanjui resident Eduardo Pena Meza while exploring the area for a possible road project. However, there is no evidence that ruins he encountered were those of Gran Pajatén or ruins of another abandoned prehispanic settlement. Therefore, the "discovery" of Gran Pajatén is attributed to villagers from the town of Pataz in 1963. After he was guided to the site by Pataz villagers in 1965, Savoy claimed credit by publicizing the discovery in the world press as his own. An official Peruvian government expedition visited the site and began to clear vegetation in late 1965. By 1966, the Peruvian government had set up a helicopter pad and cleared much of the protective vegetation that surrounded the site. Many years later, these actions raised criticism due to the delicate nature of the archaeological site. Without the protection of dense vegetation, the stone ruins began to rapidly deteriorate.

In 1985, a team led by the anthropology department at University of Colorado began a major research project at Gran Pajatén and surrounding archaeological sites in the park. The expedition was widely publicized, and this second large-scale investigation led to further discussions of opening the site up to tourism. A Peruvian televised expedition in 1990 once again cleared the protective vegetation from the site, and further damaged the ruins. Currently, there are plans for construction of several roads and tourist infrastructure in the region. Neither have been implemented due to the fragile nature of the ruins and the high cost of conserving the site while minimizing tourist impacts on its archaeological integrity and environmental context.

The town of Juanjui is located close to Gran Pajaten, and contains some artistic representations inspired by it.

Lambayeque ceramic

On left side, as seen through image, is the pottery vessel Lambayeque civilisation, founded in Gran Pajatén.

coat

On top is a Peruvian coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Peru is the national symbolic emblem of Peru.

All four share the same escutcheon or shield, consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal, on a light-blue field, representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree (the source of quinine, a powerful anti-malarial drug and the key flavorant in tonic water), on a white background, representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, on a red field, represents the mineral resources of the country.

The Coat of arms (Escudo de Armas) has a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right, tied by a red and white ribbon, as well as a Holm oak Civic Crown above it. These represent God, gold, and glory. This variant is used on the national ensign (Enseña Nacional) or state flag. Its use on its own is infrequent, except on currency, both on coins and bills, and stamps.

Denomination in numerals is in lower left corner and right of center, vertically.

Comments:

Security thread.

The name is a return to that of Peru's historic currency, the Sol in use from the XIX century to 1985. Although the derivation of Sol is the Latin solidus, the word also happens to mean sun in Spanish. There is a continuity therefore with the old Peruvian Inti, which was named after Inti, the Sun God of the Incas.