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10 Soles 2016, Peru

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 04.12.2017
Edition:
Signatures: Presidente: Sr. Julio Velarde Flores, Director: Sr. Gustavo Yamada Fukusaki, Gerente General: Sr. Renzo Rossini Miñán
Serie: 2017 Issue
Specimen of: 10.03.2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 65
Printer: Francois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire SA, Colombes

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Soles 2016

Description

Watermark:

watermark

José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles, denomination 10 and airplane.

Avers:

10 Soles 2016

Jose Abelardo Quinones Gonzales

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Peruvian hero.

José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles (April 22, 1914 - July 23, 1941) was a Peruvian military aviator and national aviation hero. He sacrificed his life crashing into an Ecuadorian battery (such as the Japanese kamikaze would crash at American ships in the Second World War) during the Battle of Zarumilla in the Ecuadorian-Peruvian war.

Lieutenant Quinones was a fighter pilot in the 41st Escuadrilla (Flight) of the Peruvian Air Force, which participated in a bombing raid at Quebrada Seca on July 23, 1941. Quinones' aircraft, a North American NA-50 "TORITO", was shot down by a battery of Ecuadorian anti-aircraft artillery; having no time to parachute to safety, Quinones made the supreme sacrifice by crashing his aircraft onto the Ecuadorian battery.

Caza FAP XXI-41-3

In the center is an airplane "Caza FAP XXI-41-3" on which Quinones performed acrobatic maneuver (inverted flight, just 2 meters from the earth) at his final exam, in 1938 in in the headquarters of the flight school "Central de Aeronáutica - Jorge Chávez", as well as the signature of the hero from July 21, 1939.

Across the field of banknote are the patterns, made in the design of the Incas.

Denomination in numerals are in lower right corner and centered. In words - centered.

Revers:

10 Soles 2016

Machu Piсchu Machu Piсchu

View of the Wayna Pikchu mountain and the ruins of Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Pikchu) is a XV-century Inca citadel, situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 meters (7,970 ft.) above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, which is 80 kilometers (50 mi.) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows.

Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438-1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas" (a title more accurately applied to Vilcabamba), it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham brought it to international attention in 1911.

Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of how they originally appeared. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored and restoration continues.

Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.

Huayna Picchu, Quechua: Wayna Pikchu, is a mountain in Peru around which the Urubamba River bends. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District. It rises over Machu Picchu, the so-called lost city of the Incas. The Incas built a trail up the side of the Huayna Picchu and built temples and terraces on its top. The peak of Huayna Picchu is 2,693 meters (8,835 ft.) above sea level, or about 260 meters (850 ft.) higher than Machu Picchu.

According to local guides, the top of the mountain was the residence for the high priest and the local virgins. Every morning before sunrise, the high priest with a small group would walk to Machu Picchu to signal the coming of the new day. The Temple of the Moon, one of the three major temples in the Machu Picchu area, is nestled on the side of the mountain and is situated at an elevation lower than Machu Picchu. Adjacent to the Temple of the Moon is the Great Cavern, another sacred temple with fine masonry. The other major local temples in Machu Picchu are the Temple of the Condor, Temple of Three Windows, Principal Temple, "Unfinished Temple", and the Temple of the Sun, also called the Torreon.

Its name is Hispanicized, possibly from the Quechua, alternative spelling Wayna Pikchu; wayna young, young man, pikchu pyramid, mountain or prominence with a broad base which ends in sharp peaks, "young peak".

ariball

On left side, as seen through image, is the Inca ariball, which was found in Machu Picchu, is kept in the Museum of Pre-Columbian Art, Cuzco, Peru.

Inca aríbalo or urpu is the most representative form of Inca ceramics for utilitarian purposes.

It is a narrow-necked pitcher with a sharpened bottom, curved corolla and handle-ears, on the sides. It can be of different sizes, from small ones to those that were human in height. Ancient Peruvians called it poppy or puneun; the Spanish name Ariball was imposed by them because of its slight similarity to the ancient Greek amphorae, mentioned from the VIII century BC.

coat

On top is a Peruvian coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Peru is the national symbolic emblem of Peru.

All four share the same escutcheon or shield, consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal, on a light-blue field, representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree (the source of quinine, a powerful anti-malarial drug and the key flavorant in tonic water), on a white background, representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, on a red field, represents the mineral resources of the country.

The Coat of arms (Escudo de Armas) has a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right, tied by a red and white ribbon, as well as a Holm oak Civic Crown above it. These represent God, gold, and glory. This variant is used on the national ensign (Enseña Nacional) or state flag. Its use on its own is infrequent, except on currency, both on coins and bills, and stamps.

Denomination in numerals is in lower left corner.

Comments:

Security thread.

The name is a return to that of Peru's historic currency, the Sol in use from the 19th century to 1985. Although the derivation of Sol is the Latin solidus, the word also happens to mean sun in Spanish. There is a continuity therefore with the old Peruvian Inti, which was named after Inti, the Sun God of the Incas.

In July 1993, the new inte was replaced by a new salt, and from 2016, from the end, the currency of Peru is again simply called Sol and is the modern currency of Peru and now.