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1 Pound Sterling 1945, Kingdom of Great Britain

in Banknotes Book Number: SC105a
Years of issue: 01.10.1945
Edition: --
Signatures: Governor: Lord Elphinstone, Treasurer: Mr. J.B. Crawford
Serie: Scotland
Specimen of: 06.02.1945
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 152 x 84
Printer: G. Waterston & Sons Limited, Edinburgh (Scotland)

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1 Pound Sterling 1945

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Chain and abbreviation, centered..

Avers:

1 Pound Sterling 1945

allegory

In center is the gray seal. It depicts the female allegory of Scotland - Caledonia (or Macbeth). In her hand is a thistle, Tartaric prickly or a thistle of cotton, which for 500 years is the national symbol and national emblem of Scotland.

Next to Caledonia is a shield with St. Andrew's cross and gold bison, which is part of the coat of arms of the Bank of Scotland, adopted in 1701 and a large cornucopia, with coins pouring out of it.

In general, which of the species of the thistle genus is a true historical Scotch thistle, even the Scottish antiquaries can not always determine, since it is not at all necessary that Scotland is the birthplace of Onopordon Acanthium.

It is believed that this particular type of thistle was originally the emblem of the House of Stewarts and became a national symbol, most likely due to its impressive appearance. Some experts call the candidate for the role of a probable candidate other species, native to Scotland, for example, the Cirsium vulgare.

Onopordum acanthium

Tartar beetle or thistle cotton.

A biennial herbaceous prickly plant, can grow up to 200 cm.

Root spindle-shaped, branched.

Stem erect, winged, cobweb-woolly, in the upper part branched. Wings up to 1.5 cm. wide, irregularly denticulate along the margin, with protruding long (3-6 mm.) needle-shaped yellow spines.

Leaves alternate, sessile, running down, seropautinous on both sides, 12-30 cm. long, decreasing towards the apex of the stem. The lower leaves are elliptical, pinnately lobed, with wide triangular toothed lobes; upper leaves lanceolate or oblong; The radical leaves narrow to the base, turning into the petiole.

Revers:

1 Pound Sterling 1945

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Bank of Scotland.

BANK OF SCOTLAND, Governor and Company of.

"Azur a Sanct Andrew's cross argent betwixt four bezants. On a suteable helmet mantled

azur, doubling argent and wreath of their colours is sett for their crest a Cornu-copia diffuseing money or, supported by two women, she on the dexter representing Abundance holding in her hand a Cornu-copia as the former, and that on the sinister representing Justice and holding in her hand a balance. The Motto in Escroll above, "Tanto uberior". The Latin motto ‘Tanto Uberior' means "so much the more plentiful".

Devise ("under which their notesdo circulat") being "Scotia", represented by a Lady holding in her right hand a Cornucopia pouring out money, and in her left a thistle with these words over it, "Tanto uberior".

[Granted ist March 1701, and recorded in Lyon Register 20th February 1849. The supporters are habited in green over a white underskirt].

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