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200 Korun 1998, Czech Republic

in Krause book Number: 19
Years of issue: 06.01.1999
Edition: --
Signatures: Czernik: Pavel Kysilka (1998)
Serie: 1997 issue
Specimen of: 1998
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 146 х 69
Printer: STC-Prague. Statni Tiskarna Cenin, Praha

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

200 Korun 1998

Description

Watermark:

100 Korun 1997

Portrait of the John Amos Comenius.

Avers:

200 Korun 1998

Jan Amos Komensky

The engraving on banknote is, presumably, made after this portrait of Ján Amos Komenský.

Ján Amos Komenský (28 March 1592 - 15 November 1670) was a Czech teacher, educator and writer. He served as the last bishop of Unity of the Brethren and became a religious refugee and one of the earliest champions of universal education, a concept eventually set forth in his book Didactica Magna. He is considered the father of modern education. Comenius was the innovator who first introduced pictorial textbooks, written in native language instead of Latin, applied effective teaching based on the natural gradual growth from simple to more comprehensive concepts, supported lifelong learning and development of logical thinking by moving from dull memorization, presented and supported the idea of equal opportunity for impoverished children, opened doors to education for women, made instruction universal and practical. He lived and worked in many different countries in Europe, including Sweden, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Transylvania, the Holy Roman Empire, England, the Netherlands and Royal Hungary.

Naarden Naarden

On background is the view from above on Naarden, Holland, where for a long time lived and worked Jan Komensky. Centered is opened book.

Jan Comenius was buried in Naarden, today there is his house-museum.

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and on right side. Centered are in words and in numeral.

Revers:

200 Korun 1998

In the foreground are two arms - an adult and a child, symbolizing wisdom, which is passed on from generation to generation.

In the background is the Tree of Life or, more likely, the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. It symbolizes knowledge, first of all, of ethical categories, the ability to consciously choose between Good and Evil.

Centered is "Orbis Pictus".

Orbis Pictus, or Orbis Sensualium Pictus (Visible World in Pictures) is a textbook for children written by Czech educator John Amos Comenius and published in 1658. It was the first widely used children textbook with pictures, published first in Latin and German and later republished in many European languages. The revolutionary book quickly spread around Europe and became the defining children's textbook for centuries.

The book is divided into chapters illustrated by copperplate prints, which are described in the accompanying text. In most editions, the text is given in both Latin and the child's native language. The book has 150 chapters and covers a wide range of subjects:

Inanimate nature.

Botanics.

Zoology.

Religion.

Humans and their activities.

History.

Originally published in Latin and German in 1658 in Nuremberg, the book soon spread to schools in Germany and other countries. The first English edition was published in 1659. The first quadrilingual edition (in Latin, German, Italian and French) was published in 1666. The first Czech translation was published in the 1685 quadrilingual edition (together with Latin, German and Hungarian), by the Breuer publishing house in Levoča. In the years 1670 to 1780, new editions were published in various languages, with upgraded both pictures and text content.

Orbis Pictus had a long-lasting influence on children's education. It was a precursor of both audio-visual techniques and the lexical approach in language learning.

Centered, a little to the right side, is Czech coat of arms.

coat

The coat of arms of the Czech Republic (Státní znak České republiky) displays the three historical regions - the Czech lands - which make up the nation: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

The arms of Bohemia show a silver double-tailed lion on a red background. This Bohemian Lion makes up the first and the fourth quarters of the greater coat of arms, so it is repeated in the shield. The Moravian red-and-silver chequered eagle is shown on a blue background. Since the days of the Habsburg Monarchy until 1918, the Moravian Eagle was chequered in the red-and-gold colours of the Habsburg dynasty. The arms of Silesia are a black eagle with the so-called "clover stalk" in her breast on a golden background, although only a small south-eastern part of the historical region (Czech Silesia) belongs to the Czech Republic.

The history of the Czech coat of arms dates back to the XIII century, when the Bohemian Lion, a meed by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa to King Vladislaus II of Bohemia, appeared on the seal of his Přemyslid descendant King Ottokar II (1253-1278). The Moravian Eagle was first documented on the seal of Ottokar's uncle, Margrave Přemysl (d. 1239). The shields also appeared on the coat of arms of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown established by Emperor Charles IV. The Silesian Eagle stems from the ruling dynasty of the Piasts and was first applied by Duke Henry II the Pious (1238-1241).

Denominations in numerals are in top right and lower left corners.

Comments:

Designer: Oldrich Kulhanek.

Obverse engraver: M. Ondracek.

Reverse engraver: Vaclav Fajt.

Prefixes Series: C 01 - C 96, D 01 - D 96, E 01 - E 96, F.

I got this banknote in Mariánské Lázně at 02.07.2018.