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5000 Francs 1974, Ivory Coast

in Krause book Number: 104Ah
Years of issue: 1974
Edition:
Signatures: Le President: Édouard Kodjo (1974 - 1977), Le Directeur Général: Robert Julienne (1955 - 1975)
Serie: Banque Centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest
Specimen of: 15.04.1959
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 168 x 109
Printer: Banque de France, Chamalieres

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5000 Francs 1974

Description

Watermark:

watermark

African girl.

Avers:

5000 Francs 1974

The banknote is devoted to the production of palm oil.

The obverse shows the modern (for 1960) method of production - a modern factory, and on the reverse - the traditional method of production, through special hand machines.

Also on the obverse there are oil palms (on the right). Traditional patterns are right and left.

An older man, in a traditional dressing-gown and a light red hat.

The history of the origin of palm oil goes far into the past, during the reign of the Egyptian pharaohs. In the middle of the XIX century, anthropologist Friedel MS conducted excavations in Egypt and found a vessel containing an oily sediment. This sediment was examined, and it turned out that it belonged to the fruit of the oil palm Elaeis gineensis, whose native land is West Africa. Investigating the find, they found out that palm oil was used for food 5000 years ago.

The first records of palm oil are found in documents dating from the 15th century. These discoveries are owned by Portuguese travelers.

The native land of oil palms is West Africa where till now locals grow them and receive oil in the villages by the old traditional methods. In West Africa, palm oil is most often used raw, as an integral component of national dishes. Now oil palms are grown in the humid tropics of Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia.

Fruits of palm trees grow in large clusters, and the number of fruits in these bunches can sometimes reach 2000. Red palm oil is obtained from the flesh of the fetus located around the bone. In the process of processing, the pulp is separated from the bones and, by mechanical pressing, crude palm oil is obtained, and then by special technology, fractionation, purification and deodorization takes place. As a result, the refined, deodorized red palm oil is obtained.

The stones themselves are also recycled. They are split and the nuclei are separated, from which, by further processing, palm kernel oil is obtained, which also finds its application.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners, in words - on top, in the center.

Revers:

5000 Francs 1974

palm oil palm oil

A smiling African women looks at the two guys, carrying the fruits of the oil palm to the special machine (the traditional method).

mofu houses

On background, in my opinion, are the traditional huts of the people of Mofu (natives of Northern Cameroon) - built of stone on clay mortar, with conical thatched roofs.

In the houses of the Mofu, the cylindrical part of the house was divided into two floors: the upper one was used as a living quarters, and in the lower one cattle was kept.

The people's home of Tropical and South Africa is a hut. By forms and decorative decoration African huts are often genuine masterpieces of folk art; in their creation skills of art crafts (pottery, weaving baskets and mats) are often used. In accordance with climatic conditions, methods of farming and the nature of the materials at hand, regional types of huts were formed regionally.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners.

Comments:

Obverse designer: Munier, P.

Reverse designer: Serveau, C.

Obverse engraver: Beltrand, C.

Reverse engraver: Baudier.