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5 Fen 1953. Serial Number, China

in Krause book Number: 862а
Years of issue: 01.03.1955
Edition: --
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1953 Issue
Specimen of: 1953
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 100 х 47.5
Printer: China Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation (CBPM)

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Fen 1953. Serial Number

Description

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5 Fen 1953. Serial Number

ship ship

I tried, as always, to determine the ship on the banknote. On 100% to find out it is almost impossible, but using the right of the site owner, I will allow myself to make a guess.

In my opinion!! - on banknote is one of 2 ships of "The China Navigation Company" - "Anshun" or "Anking".

A little about the ships history (the whole story you can read on the link, at the end of text):

The China Navigation Company’s (CNCo) and they have their origins in Liverpool when they were founded in 1816. The background is due to CNCo’s parent company being the well known "John Samuel Swire (1825-1898) & Sons Ltd.", who in 1866 opened his first Far Eastern agency in Shanghai, and in 1872 he founded The China Navigation Company to operate a modest fleet of paddle steamers on China’s Yangtze River.

Within a decade, CNCo had expanded its operations up and down the China coast and had begun regular services to Australia and New Zealand. One of the company’s early successes was to take a monopoly of the previously junk-borne tramp trade in “beancake” – cartwheel-sized cakes of compressed soybean husk (the residue from making oil), which were carried from North to South China to use as a fertiliser. By the turn of the century, CNCo’s by then substantial fleet was covering a complex network of Far Eastern trades, backed up by its own well-established coastal and river feeder services. But after WWII the Australian passenger services became more and more popular.

The CNCo decided to build two new 6,000 tonners, able to accommodate a larger number of passengers. They would be able to accommodate up to 165 in two classes, as well as a large number of passengers in what was called “4th.class” or Steerage.

ship ship

The Anking was built by "Scotts Shipbuilding & Engineering Co." of Greenock, Great Britain and she was launched on August 23, 1949. She was delivered in January she was fully stocked and having been placed under the command of Captain E. H. Histed she departed the Clyde on February 10, 1950 and headed for Rotterdam were she remained a few days there loading cargo before continuing her voyage to Penang, Singapore and Hong Kong, arriving on March 29.

Whilst the Anking was built in the UK, the MS Anshun was built at the "Taikoo Shipyards" in Hong Kong and she was the largest ship of her type to be built there following the post war occupation of the city, which was quite unique. She was launched on September 12, 1950 and was ready to commence duties some six months later.

ship ship ship

First Class was quite comfortable for a total of 50 passengers, which were all located on the one deck, being A Deck, the lower open deck. Far forward is the First Class Lounge, although pleasant with gentle timber lining, light upholstery with comfortable seating of chairs and fixed wall sofas. Timer tables were topped with Formica and flooring covered in Korkoid. On the side of the lounge there were several writing desks as well as a book case on the other side. Amidships were all the First Class cabins, which were all two bedded very comfortable staterooms, but one of the odd features was that these rooms did not have a traditional cupboard with doors, instead there was just curtain in front. Although there was a larger dresser with plenty of drawers, a stool and a wicker cane chair and all rooms had a window. However, as it was for many ships in those days none of the cabins had private facilities, just a wash basin in each room, thus it was off to one of the well located and supplied bathrooms nearby. One deck above (Promenade Deck), directly above the First Class Lounge was the Dining Room, which again had timber clad walls and furnishings, the floor was covered in linoleum that had a pattern of a large square motif, over all it was a reasonably a pleasant room and somewhat larger than the lounge. In those days there was no such thing as air-Conditioning and the air cooling was provided by a “Phukah” fan forced ventilation system, with movable outlets in all cabins and venues. These could be regulated to provide more or less air and turn to the preferred direction. These plastic fittings can be seen in the photographs.

They also accommodated 116 Steerage Class passengers, their cabins which were mostly located on B Deck aft offered from six to ten berth cabins. They had a dinning room aft on A Deck and a Lounge up on Boat Deck. Whilst 4th.class passengers were located in the forward ‘tween decks and were provided with either portable beds, or were un-berthed, as they would sail between ports (a day voyage), or a longer voyage, depending on the sailing. The forward deck would be well covered with canvas providing ample protection from the sun.

To handle cargo, they had five holds, which were served by her two tall totally upright masts, just like her very tall slender pitch black funnel, two king posts and a total of twelve derricks. Able to carry regular cargo as well as having refrigerated space and having deep tanks. Both ships had reliable 4 cylinder Doxford type Diesel engines and with their single screw they would operate at a service speed of around 15 knots.

Considering that the Anking and Anshun were built especially for the emigrant trade between southern China to Singapore and Penang Malaya. She operated on various voyages as the intended route had much concluded due to the communist occupation of southern China, thus the Anking as well as her sister when she arrived operated very much a varied service and switched from one to another, sailing on either the Hong Kong Japan route, round voyage to Penang and Singapore, or the popular Hong Kong to Australia service.

More about these ships you can read here - www.ssmaritime.com.

Denomination is on left side.

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5 Fen 1953. Serial Number

coat

The national emblem of the People's Republic of China contains in a red circle a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate to the Forbidden City, where Mao declared the foundation of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag. The largest star represents the Communist Party of China, while the four smaller stars represent the four social classes as defined in Maoism. The outer border of the red circle shows sheaves of wheat and the inner sheaves of rice, which together represent agricultural workers. At the center of the bottom portion of the border is a cog-wheel that represents industrial workers.

Denominations are on the left and right sides. Each note has the words "People's Bank of China" as well as the denomination in the Uyghur, Tibetan and Mongolian (but no Zhuang since Zhuang alphabet was not invented yet) languages on the back, which has since appeared in each series of Renminbi notes.

Comments:

Fen is a unit of currency used in Greater China, including People's Republic of China (Mainland China), Republic of China (Taiwan), Hong Kong and Macao. One fen is equal to one-hundredth of a yuan or tenth of a Chinese jiao.