header Notes Collection
Top

10 Kroner 1934, Denmark

in Krause book Number: 26h
Years of issue: 1934
Edition: --
Signatures: Lange, Pugh
Serie: Heilmannserien
Specimen of: 1930
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 132 х 79
Printer: Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Kroner 1934

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Two numbers "10" and an inscription: Danmarks Nationalbank. Also on the right and left sides are two rose flowers.

Avers:

10 Kroner 1934

Algae ornament on the perimeter.

Laminaria digitata

Laminaria digitata is a large brown alga in the family Laminariaceae, also known by the common name Oarweed. It is found in the sub littoral zone of the northern Atlantic Ocean.

L. digitata is a tough, leathery, dark brown seaweed that grows to two or three meters. The holdfast which anchors it to the rock is conical and has a number of spreading root-like protrusions called rhizoids. The stipe or stalk is flexible and oval in cross section. The blade is large and shaped like the palm of a hand with a number of more or less regular finger-like segments. This seaweed can be distinguished from the rather similar Laminaria hyperborea by being darker in colour and having a shorter stripe that does not easily snap when bent.

L digitata occurs in the north west Atlantic from Greenland south to Cape Cod and in the north east Atlantic from northern Russia and Iceland south to France. It is common round the coasts of the British Isles except for much of the east coast of England.

An inscription: "NATIONALBANKENS SEDLER INDLØSES MED GULD EFTER GÆLDENDE LOV. NATIONALBANKEN I KJØBENHAVN" ("National Banknotes redeemable in gold by applicable law. National Bank in Copenhagen").

Denominations are in numerals and in words.

Revers:

10 Kroner 1934

Denominations are lower and three lions from danish coat of arms are in top corners and lower.

coat

The national coat of arms of Denmark (Danish: Danmarks rigsvåben) consists of three crowned blue lions accompanied by nine red hearts, all in a golden shield, the crown on top.

On background are the shells and the snails.

God mercury is centered.

Mercury is a major Roman god, being one of the Dii Consentes within the ancient Roman pantheon. He is the patron god of financial gain, commerce, eloquence (and thus poetry), messages/communication (including divination), travelers, boundaries, luck, trickery and thieves; he is also the guide of souls to the underworld.

He was considered the son of Maia and Jupiter in Roman mythology. His name is possibly related to the Latin word merx ("merchandise"; compare merchant, commerce, etc.), mercari (to trade), and merces (wages); another possible connection is the Proto-Indo-European root merĝ- for "boundary, border" (cf. Old English "mearc", Old Norse "mark" and Latin "margō") and Greek οὖρος (by analogy of Arctūrus/Ἀρκτοῦρος), as the "keeper of boundaries," referring to his role as bridge between the upper and lower worlds.[citation needed] In his earliest forms, he appears to have been related to the Etruscan deity Turms, both of which share characteristics with the Greek god Hermes. In Virgil's Aeneid, Mercury reminds Aeneas of his mission to found the city of Rome. In Ovid's Fasti, Mercury is assigned to escort the nymph Larunda to the underworld. Mercury, however, fell in love with Larunda and made love to her on the way. Larunda thereby became mother to two children, referred to as the Lares, invisible household gods.

Chrysanthemum frutescensOn background also are Paris daisy, marguerite or marguerite daisy (Argyranthemum frutescens, Chrysanthemum frutescens) - the national flower of Denmark.

It is a perennial plant known for its flowers. It is native to the Canary Islands (part of Spain). It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental planted private gardens and public parks in many countries, and naturalized in Italy and southern California.

Argyranthemum frutescens can be normally found during the summer, since they grow best with full sunlight, although they are at their showiest during the spring. These flowers grow in many different types of habitats. They are also most frequently used for borders of houses since they grow continuously. They can only survive under summer conditions with plenty of sun and cannot survive in areas that are cold and have no sunlight. They are also known for long period of growth ranging from May to November.

Along with full sunlight, in order to grow, this plant needs organic matter in high quantities, while also making sure the soil is drained very well. If plant is too overwhelmed with water it can cause the plant to die. Tolerant of low temperatures, though cannot survive in freezing temperatures. Needs a lot of sunlight in order to grow and must be protected from the wind.

This sub-shrub is made up of white, yellow or pink daisy-like flower heads approximately 2.5 inches in diameter with a yellow center. Also found with green foliage. This is usually found on a bushy plant that is about 2-3' tall and wide, while usually 1 to 3 feet tall. A very fragrant flower. Can usually be found growing in flower beds.

During the summer time they mostly attract butterflies since they are known for being a showy flower.

Comments:

Designer: Gerhard Heilmann.

Gerhard Heilmann

Gerhard Heilmann (later sometimes spelt "Heilman") (25 June 1859 - 26 March 1946) was a Danish artist and paleontologist who created artistic depictions of Archaeopteryx, Proavis and other early bird relatives apart from writing The Origin of Birds, a pioneering and influential account of bird evolution. Heilmann lacked a formal training in science although he studied medicine briefly before shifting to art. His ideas on bird evolution were first written in Danish in the "Dansk Ornitologisk Tidsskrift". Heilmann received little help and often got considerable opposition from Danish professional zoologists of the time and he in turn often made dismissive remarks on the ideas of some of the established scientists of the time. The English edition however reached out to a much larger audience and influenced ideas in bird evolution for nearly half a century.