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25 Dalasis 2010, Gambia

in Krause book Number: 27
Years of issue: 02.08.2010 - 03.12.2010
Edition: 4 837 660
Signatures: Governor: Mr. Momodou B. Saho, First Deputy Governor: Mr. Basirus A.O. Njai
Serie: 2006 Issue
Specimen of: 2006
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 144 х 75
Printer: Central Bank Of The Gambia (with coop. TDLR), Banjul

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25 Dalasis 2010

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Head of crocodile.

Avers:

25 Dalasis 2010

Merops nubicusThe Northern Carmine Bee-eater (Merops nubicus) is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family Meropidae. Alternative common names include the Carmine Bee-eater or the Nubian Bee-eater. It is native to Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda. It occurs as a vagrant in Burundi.

The man is on right side.

Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculentaOn background. behind the bird, is Cassava (Manihot esculenta).

The crop is known in the New World as manioc or yucca it is a herbaceous shrub or mini tree which grows up to 4 meters high with thin hand-like leaves. It was introduced to Gambia by the Portuguese between the XVII and XVIII centuries. It is one of the highest starch yielding plants grown in Gambia and on average Gambians consumption levels is about 100 kg. per person per annum in 2002 (FAO). This tuber is poisonous unless processed in a certain way, so it is best to seek advice before attempting to make your own nyambe nyebe! (beans & cassavas in palm oil). The root of the cassava plant, a large thick-skinned tuber like the potato when boiled, that is eaten in many tropical countries and is the source of tapioca.

Both fresh and dried cassava roots and peels are consumed by ruminants such as cows and goats in different forms (sliced, chopped, ground). Dried cassava roots have given satisfactory, results as the principal energy source for dairy cattle, intensive beef fattening and lamb growth. Cassava can replace almost all of the grain in the diets with little reduction in performance. Inclusion levels of up to 65%, preferably pelleted, do not seem to affect health, carcass quality or overall performance when the diets are carefully balanced. Palatability can be enhanced by the addition of molasses if pelleting is not possible. The whole cassava plant (including root and aerial part) can be chopped and ensiled in simple pit silos for dry-season feeding at the village level. Simple equipment is required both for harvest and preparation of the silage. The silage is fairly well balanced for ruminants.

Complete replacement of grain by cassava root meal in layer feed has yielded similar egg production.

It is possible to obtain from cassava more than 6 tons of crude protein per hectare a year with the proper agronomic practices directed toward foliage harvesting. Cassava leaf and stem meal has been used at the 35% level in dairy cow concentrates to advantage. Cassava bushes can be harvested as forage when they are three to four months old. They are cut about 40 cm from the ground and chopped in small pieces by hand or in a stationary forage chopper. The forage has been used to provide by-pass protein to ruminants fed urea and molasses. The intake of cassava forage was about 5 kg. per day, and about two months of adaptation was required before full production was obtained. In poultry rations the replacement of as little as 5% of the lucerne meal with cassava leaf meal significantly reduced broiler weight gains; however, the inclusion of methionine and vegetable oil additives in rations consisting of up to 20% cassava leaf meal practically eliminated the depression in response.

In The Gambia, rice is the dominant intercrop. Protected trees, and perennials such as bananas and plantains, are also regularly grown in patches or as individual areas in cassava fields. While cassava and related crops are the main food crops, trees provide building materials and firewood.

Cassava leaves are cooked and eaten by people and also fed to livestock, or used as poultry feed. These animals provide the household with meat and eggs for consumption and as a cash crop. Animal wastes are used for soil fertilization. (www.accessgambia.com)

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25 Dalasis 2010

State houseThe State House is the official residence of the president of the Gambia. It was built in colonial days and was the residence of the governor of the Gambia. Then known as the Government House, it became the residence of the Governor General following Independence before republic status was attained.

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