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500 Korun 1942. Second issue, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

in Krause book Number: 12a
Years of issue: 29.09.1942
Edition:
Signatures: Bankovní rada: Dr. Ringhoffer, Guvernér: Dr. Dvořák, Vrchní ředitel: Dr. Peroutka
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 24.02.1942
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 197 x 85
Printer: TB NBČM, Praha

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500 Korun 1942. Second issue

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Self-portrait of Petr Brandl (National gallery, Prague), 1695.

Avers:

500 Korun 1942. Second issue

Petr Jan Brandl

Self-portrait of Petr Brandl (National gallery, Prague), 1695.

Petr Brandl (Peter Johannes Brandl or Jan Petr Brandl) (October 24, 1668 – September 24, 1735) was a Czech painter of the late Baroque, famous in his time but – due to isolation behind the Iron Curtain – rather forgotten until recently. He was of German-speaking Austrian descent[citation needed] in the bilingual Kingdom of Bohemia. His mother was from Czech peasant family, that lived in Přestanice (a village in Bohemia, now part of Hlavňovice). According to the Grove Dictionary of Art and other sources, Brandl was born into a craftsman’s family (his father seems to have been a goldsmith) and apprenticed around 1683-1688 to Kristián Schröder (1655-1702).

Brandl employed strong chiaroscuro, areas of heavy impasto and very plastic as well as dramatic figures. The National Gallery in Prague, has an entire hall devoted to the artist's works, including the wonderful "Bust of an Apostle" from some time before 1725.

The artist is a distant ancestor of both contemporary Austrian painter Herbert Brandl and contemporary American-Swiss painter Mark Staff Brandl.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners and centered. In words - centered.

Revers:

500 Korun 1942. Second issue

coat

On background is the lesser coat of arms of Bohemia and Moravia from 1939 to 1945.

The lesser coat of arms of the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia is represented by: on the shield of the shield a silver two-tailed lion in a leap, directed to the left, with an open mouth, an outstretched tongue, with a golden crown and armament.

The very first Czech coat of arms was the coat of arms of the Czech Kingdom (11th-12th centuries), on which was a black eagle on a white shield among the flames. It was the patrimonial coat of arms of the first dynasty of the Czech kings of Přemyslits, who ruled from 874 to 1306. However, already in 1158 under King Wladyslaw I (before the coronation is known as Prince Vladislav II) the black eagle was replaced on the Czech emblem by a white lion on a red shield. He should have been reminded of the bravery and valor shown by the soldiers in the battles with foreign invaders. At the end of the 12th century, the Czech lion received a crown, and a little later, at the turn of the XII-XIII centuries, under King Přemysl II of Otokar, the lion was depicted as a two-tiered one. In its final form, the coat of arms was established by 1250 and lasted for many centuries. Sometimes the crowned lion was surrounded by the coats of arms of lands dependent on the Czech kings: Moravia, Silesia, Upper and Lower Lusatia, some Austrian, Hungarian and German possessions.

In 1526, the Czech Republic was under the rule of the Habsburgs. The Czech lion became one of the elements of the Austrian coat of arms, but at the same time it remained a symbol of the national identity of the Czech people for almost four centuries and spoke of its desire for freedom.

Denomination in numerals are across all field of banknote, in words - centered.

Comments:

Designer: Jindra Schmidt.