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500 Rupees 1982, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 121
Years of issue: 01.12.1982
Edition:
Signatures: Gubernur: Mr. Rachmat Saleh, Direktur: Mr. Durmawel Achmad S H
Serie: 1982 - 1987 Issue
Specimen of: 1982
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 68
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Rupees 1982

Description

Watermark:

Ahmad Yani watermark

General Ahmad Yani (19 June 1922 - 1 October 1965) was the commander of the Indonesian Army. Killed by members of the "30 September Movement", during an attempt to kidnap him from his house.

Avers:

500 Rupees 1982

Amorphophallus titanum Amorphophallus titanum

On left side is a man, standing near Amorphophallus titanum.

Amorphophallus titanum, also known as the titan arum, is a flowering plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world. The titan arum's inflorescence is not as large as that of the talipot palm, Corypha umbraculifera, but the inflorescence of the talipot palm is branched rather than unbranched.

Due to its odor, which is like the smell of a rotting corpse or carcass, the titan arum is characterized as a carrion flower, and is also known as the corpse flower or corpse plant (Indonesian: bunga bangkai – bunga means flower, while bangkai can be translated as corpse, cadaver, or carrion). For the same reason, the title corpse flower is also attributed to the genus Rafflesia. It is used as a traditional ingredient in Sumatran cuisine.

Amorphophallus titanum derives its name from Ancient Greek ( άμορφος - amorphos, "without form, misshapen" + φαλλός - phallos, "phallus", and titan, "giant"). The popular name Titan arum was coined by the broadcaster and naturalist Sir David Attenborough for his BBC series The Private Life of Plants, in which the flowering and pollination of the plant were filmed for the first time. Attenborough felt that constantly referring to the plant as Amorphophallus on a popular TV documentary would be inappropriate, because the translation of the scientific name was considered "too rude" for television audiences.

Amorphophallus titanum is native solely to western Sumatra, and western Java where it grows in openings in rainforests on limestone hills. However, the plant is cultivated by botanical gardens and private collectors around the world.

coat Indonesia

In top right corner is the National emblem of Indonesia.

It is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Denominations in numerals are in lower corners, centered in words.

Revers:

500 Rupees 1982

Bank museum

Old Bank of Indonesia building in Jakarta (now Building of Museum of the Bank of Indonesia).

Bank Indonesia Museum (Indonesian Museum Bank Indonesia) is a bank museum located in Jakarta, Indonesia. It was founded by Bank Indonesia and opened on 21 July 2009. The museum is housed in a heritage building in Jakarta Old Town which had been the first headquarters of the Netherlands Indies gulden (De Javasche bank), the central bank of Dutch East Indies. The bank was nationalized as Bank Indonesia in 1953, after Indonesia gained its independence. The museum is closed on Mondays (including public holidays) and has entrance fee rp 5,000. It is located next to Bank Mandiri Museum.

De Javasche Bank was formed in 1828 as a circulation bank of the Dutch east indies and was responsible in issuing Netherlands Indies Guldens. The building stand in a plot that had been Batavia's Inner Hospital (in Dutch: "Binnenhospital" named "inner" due to its location being inside the wall) which was built in the early 18th century and was abandoned in 1780, as the central hospital was moved to Weltevreden. The building was sold to a trade firm Mac Quoid Davidson & Co. in 1801, and was purchased by De Javasche bank in 1831.

The old hospital building was demolished in the early 20th and on the site a new building designed by Eduard Cuypers was erected. Cuypers was a famed Dutch architect and are keen on experimenting and inserting indigenous Indonesian elements into his design. The building's front facade was completed in 1909 in Neo-Renaissance architecture with Javanese ornaments on its details. The inner court was only changed into its present form after another renovation in 1926.

The bank continued as the acting central bank of Indonesia during the Japanese occupation in 1942 and after the Indonesian declaration of independence in 1945. Its first Rupiah note was printed in 1944 under the Japanese supervision, in an effort to nationalize its identity. After the Netherlands recognized Indonesia's independence in 1950, the Indonesian government agreed to retain De Javasche Bank as central bank of Indonesia. However, with increasing animosity between the two party, the bank was nationalized as Bank Indonesia in 1953.

In 1962 a new central bank headquarter building was completed, thus the old building was left to deteriorate. The building was restored into a museum in 2006, and was formally opened by the acting president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on 21 July 2009.

The museum is designed to introduce the public Bank Indonesia's role on the Indonesian history, such as monetary policies and payment system that changes over time. The museum also provide visitors with audio and visual experience on the history of currencies and trade in Indonesia from pre-colonial era to the present state. It include eras such as the early spice-trading history, Dutch East India Company spice monopoly in the Indonesian archipelago, banking system of the Dutch East Indies, currencies under Japanese occupation and ended on the economic crisis of 1997.

The museum include old currencies on its display collection, from as early as 14th century pre-colonial era to old bank notes from around the world.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and bottom right corners.

Comments:

Designer: Soeripto.