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500 Francs 1974, Chad

in Krause book Number: 2a
Years of issue: 1974
Edition:
Signatures: Le Directeur General: Christian Joudiou, Un Censeur: Jean‐François Ntoutoume
Serie: 1974 Issue
Specimen of: 1974
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156 х 82
Printer: Banque de France, Chamalieres

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Francs 1974

Description

Watermark:

watermark watermark

The roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) is a savanna antelope found in West, Central, East and Southern Africa. It is the namesake of the Chevaline project, whose name was taken from the French Antilope Chevaline.

Roan antelope are one of the largest species of antelope. They measure 190–240 cm (75-94 in.) from the head to the base of tail and the tail measures 37-48 cm. (15-19 in.). The body mass of males is 242-300 kg. (534-661 lb.) and of females is 223–280 kg (492-617 lb.). The shoulder of this species is typically around 130-140 cm. (51–55 in). Named for their roan colour (a reddish brown), they have lighter underbellies, white eyebrows and cheeks and black faces, lighter in females. They have short, erect manes, very light beards and prominent red nostrils. The horns are ringed and can reach a meter long in males, slightly shorter in females. They arch backwards slightly.

They are similar in appearance to sable antelope and can be confused where their ranges overlap. Sable antelope males are darker, being black rather than dark brown.

Roan antelope are found in woodland and grassland savanna, mainly in the tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome, which range in tree density from forest with a grassy understorey (such as central Zambezian Miombo woodlands) to grasslands dotted with few trees, where they eat midlength grasses. They form harem groups of five to 15 animals with a dominant male. Roan antelope commonly fight among themselves for dominance of their herd, brandishing their horns while both animals are on their knees.

Avers:

500 Francs 1974

On left side is Chad girl.

lake

Centered is - Lake Chad with hippopotamuses.

In the lake there are manatees, hippopotamuses, crocodiles; the fauna of water and waders is widely represented.

Lake Chad (French: Lac Tchad) is a historically large, shallow, endorheic lake in Africa, which has varied in size over the centuries. According to the Global Resource Information Database of the United Nations Environment Programme, it shrank by as much as 95% from about 1963 to 1998, but "the 2007 (satellite) image shows significant improvement over previous years." Lake Chad is economically important, providing water to more than 30 million people living in the four countries surrounding it (Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria) on the edge of the Sahara. It is the largest lake in the Chad Basin.

Ciconia abdimii

Left, at the bottom is The Abdim's stork (Ciconia abdimii), also known as white-bellied stork, is a black stork with grey legs, red knees and feet, grey bill and white underparts. It has red facial skin in front of the eye and blue skin near the bill in breeding season. It is the smallest species of stork, at 73 cm. (29 in.) and a weight of just over 1 kg. (2.2 lbs.). The female lays two to three eggs and is slightly smaller than the male.

The Abdim's stork is found in open habitats throughout Eastern Africa, from Ethiopia south to South Africa. Its diet consists mainly of locusts, caterpillars and other large insects, although the birds will also eat small reptiles, amphibians, mice, crabs and eggs. The Abdim's stork has escaped or been deliberately released in to Florida, USA, but there is no evidence that the population is breeding and may only persist due to continuing releases or escapes.

Among the smallest storks, this species is welcomed and protected by local Africans who believe that it is a harbinger of rain and good luck. The name commemorates the Turkish Governor of Wadi Halfa in Sudan, Bey El-Arnaut Abdim (1780-1827).

Widespread and common throughout its large range, the Abdim's stork is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is the subject of several nationally coordinated breeding programs: in the United States, the plan for this species is administered by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and in Europe by the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria.

Balearica pavonina

Top, right are two black crowned cranes, in flight.

The black crowned crane (Balearica pavonina) is a bird in the crane family Gruidae.

It occurs in dry savannah in Africa south of the Sahara, although in nests in somewhat wetter habitats. There are two subspecies: B. p. pavonina in the west and the more numerous B. p. ceciliae in east Africa.

This species and the closely related grey crowned crane, B. regulorum, which prefers wetter habitats for foraging, are the only cranes that can nest in trees. This habit, amongst other things, is a reason the relatively small Balearica cranes are believed to closely resemble the ancestral members of the Gruidae. It is about 1 m. (3.3 ft.) long, has a 1.87 m. (6.2 ft.) wingspan and weighs about 3.6 kg (8 lbs.).

Like all cranes, the black crowned crane eats insects, reptiles, and small mammals. It is endangered, especially in the west, by habitat loss and degradation.

Phoenicopterus_roseus

Above the lake are flying greater flamingoes.

The greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) is the most widespread and largest species of the flamingo family. It is found in Africa, on the Indian subcontinent, in the Middle East, and in southern Europe.

It is found in parts of Africa, southern Asia (Bangladesh and coastal regions of Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka), the Middle East (Turkey, Israel, Lebanon, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and Bahrain) and southern Europe (including Spain, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Cyprus, Portugal, Italy, and the Camargue region of France). The most northern breeding spot is the Zwillbrocker Venn in western Germany, close to the border with the Netherlands. They have been recorded breeding in the United Arab Emirates at three different locations in the Abu Dhabi Emirate. In Gujarat, a state of India, flamingos can be observed at the Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary, Flamingo City, and in the Thol Bird Sanctuary. They remain here during entire winter season.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners, in words - at the bottom.

Revers:

500 Francs 1974

Class. Students sit at desks.

On the right is a chemical laboratory. Laboratory assistant for the experiment.

On the right and on the left are 2 pieces of carving on a black tree - a mask (on the left) and a statuette of a woman - on the right.

curvings curvings

Wood carving is one of the most common crafts in Central and West Africa. On the banknote there are 2 elements of this fishery - a statuette of a woman and a ritual mask.

Since on Chad banknotes elements from all countries of central Africa could be depicted, and there are a lot of such, I have not yet found images of these items. Therefore - I put 2 photos, with a relatively! similar statuettes with a statuette of a woman (on the right on a banknote).

Denominations in numerals are in top corners.

Comments:

Designers: Vaudiau R., Poilliot G., Herouard.