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40 Francs 2017. 40 years of independence from France, Djibouti

in Krause book Number: 46а
Years of issue: 2017
Edition:
Signatures: Le Gouverneur: Ahmed Osman Ali
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 2017
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 152 х 65
Printer: Polska Wytwornia Papierow Wartocziowych, Warszawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

40 Francs 2017. 40 years of independence from France

Description

Watermark:

watermark watermark

The coat of arms of Djibouti and electrotype BCD (Banque Centrale de Djibouti).

The national emblem of Djibouti was introduced after attaining independence from France on 27 June 1977. It is bordered on the sides with laurel branches. Within this perimeter there is a vertical spear, in front of which is a shield. Underneath the shield, two hands rise away from the spear, both of which carry a large machete. These two hands symbolize the main two ethnic groups of the nation: the Afar and the Issa. The spear is topped by a red star. The star symbolizes the unity between the Issa and the Afar peoples. A Djibouti law established the seal and states its significance, and has been translated into English.

Avers:

40 Francs 2017. 40 years of independence from France

Sea bottom.

Rhincodon typus

The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is a slow-moving, filter-feeding carpet shark and the largest known extant fish species. The largest confirmed individual had a length of 12.65 m. (41.5 ft.) and a weight of about 21.5 t. (47,000 lb.). The whale shark holds many records for sheer size in the animal kingdom, most notably being by far the largest living nonmammalian vertebrate. It is the sole member of the genus Rhincodon and the only extant member of the family Rhincodontidae which belongs to the subclass Elasmobranchii in the class Chondrichthyes. Before 1984 it was classified as Rhiniodon into Rhinodontidae. The species originated about 60 million years ago.

The whale shark is found in open waters of the tropical oceans and is rarely found in water below 21 °C (70 °F). Modeling suggests a lifespan of about 70 years, but measurements have proven difficult. Whale sharks have very large mouths and are filter feeders, which is a feeding mode that occurs in only two other sharks, the megamouth shark and the basking shark. They feed almost exclusively on plankton and are not known to pose a threat to humans.

The species was distinguished in April 1828 after the harpooning of a 4.6 m. (15 ft.) specimen in Table Bay, South Africa. Andrew Smith, a military doctor associated with British troops stationed in Cape Town, described it the following year. The name "whale shark" refers to the fish's size, being as large as some species of whales, and also to its being a filter feeder like baleen whales.

Actiniaria

Under the sharks head is the sea anemone.

Sea anemones are a group of marine, predatory animals of the order Actiniaria. They are named after the anemone, a terrestrial flowering plant, because of the colourful appearance of many. Sea anemones are classified in the phylum Cnidaria, class Anthozoa, subclass Hexacorallia. As cnidarians, sea anemones are related to corals, jellyfish, tube-dwelling anemones, and Hydra. Unlike jellyfish, sea anemones do not have a medusa stage in their life cycle.

A typical sea anemone is a single polyp attached to a hard surface by its base, but some species live in soft sediment and a few float near the surface of the water. The polyp has a columnar trunk topped by an oral disc with a ring of tentacles and a central mouth. The tentacles can be retracted inside the body cavity or expanded to catch passing prey. They are armed with cnidocytes (stinging cells). In many species, additional nourishment comes from a symbiotic relationship with single-celled dinoflagellates, zooxanthellae or with green algae, zoochlorellae, that live within the cells. Some species of sea anemone live in association with hermit crabs, small fish or other animals to their mutual benefit.

Sea anemones breed by liberating sperm and eggs through the mouth into the sea. The resulting fertilized eggs develop into planula larvae which, after being planktonic for a while, settle on the seabed and develop directly into juvenile polyps. Sea anemones also breed asexually, by breaking in half or into smaller pieces which regenerate into polyps. Sea anemones are sometimes kept in reef aquariums; the global trade in marine ornamentals for this purpose is expanding and threatens sea anemone populations in some localities, as the trade depends on collection from the wild.

red starfish

At the bottom, on right and left sides, presumably, are the red starfish Fromia milleporella.

Fromia milleporella, common name red starfish or black spotted starfish, is a species of starfish belonging to the family Goniasteridae.

Fromia milleporella can reach a diameter of about 15 centimeters (5.9 in.). Red seastars may have various shades of red.

This species can be found in the Indo-West Pacific starting as south as Madagascar and to as far north as the Red Sea, as well as the Maldives area, Sri Lanka, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, China, south Japan and the South Pacific.

It lives at depths of 0 – 73 m.

In lower right corner is sea horse.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners.

Revers:

40 Francs 2017. 40 years of independence from France

port

The container terminal Doraleh, Djibouti, Jubilé logo; gantry cranes and container ships/

The Port of Doraleh is an extension of the Port of Djibouti, located 5 km. west of Djibouti City. The multipurpose port has terminals for handling oil, bulk cargo, and containers. It was partially owned and operated by DP World and China Merchants Holdings, until its container facility was seized by the government of Djibouti in February 2018. There is a Chinese naval base under construction directly adjacent to the port.

The Port of Doraleh is an extension of the Port of Djibouti. The multipurpose port has terminals for handling oil, bulk cargo, and containers. It was partially owned and operated by DP World and China Merchants Holdings, until its container facility was seized by the government of Djibouti in February 2018. There is a Chinese naval base under construction directly adjacent to the port.

Top left - the emblem of 40 years of independence of Djiboui from France.

Top right - silhouette of Djibouti (gold).

Denominations in numerals are in top corners, in word - in lower right corner.

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