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10 Talonas 1992, Lithuania

in Krause book Number: 40
Years of issue: 1992
Edition: --
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 1992
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 105 x 54
Printer: Spindulys, Kaunas

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Talonas 1992

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Repeated rhombus with emblem of republic (columns).

Avers:

10 Talonas 1992

Turdus iliacus

The redwing with chicks.

The redwing (Turdus iliacus) is a bird in the thrush family, Turdidae, native to Europe and Asia, slightly smaller than the related song thrush.

This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758 under its current scientific name.

The English name derives from the bird's red underwing. It is not closely related to the red-winged blackbird, a North American species sometimes nicknamed "redwing", which is an icterid, not a thrush. The binomial name derives from the Latin words turdus, "thrush", and ile "flank".

It is 20-24 cm. long with a wingspan of 33-34.5 cm. and a weight of 50-75 g. The sexes are similar, with plain brown backs and with dark brown spots on the white underparts. The most striking identification features are the red flanks and underwing, and the creamy white stripe above the eye. Adults moult between June and September, which means that some start to replace their flight feathers while still feeding young.

The male has a varied short song, and a whistling flight call.

It breeds in northern regions of Europe and Asia, from Iceland south to northernmost Scotland, and east through Scandinavia, the Baltic States, northern Poland and Belarus, and through most of Russia to about 165°E in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. In recent years it has expanded its range slightly, both in eastern Europe where it now breeds south into northern Ukraine, and in southern Greenland, where the Qaqortoq area was colonised in 1990-1991.

It is often replaced by the related ring ouzel in areas of higher altitude.

It is migratory, wintering in western, central and southern Europe, north-west Africa, and south-west Asia east to northern Iran. Birds in some parts of the west of the breeding range (particularly south-western Norway) may be resident, not migrating at all, while those in the far east of the range migrate at least 6,500-7,000 km. to reach their wintering grounds.

There are multiple records of vagrants from the north-east coast of North America, as well as two sightings on the north-west coast (one in Washington in 2005, and one in Seward, Alaska in November 2011).

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners.

Revers:

10 Talonas 1992

Sórbus

European rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) with fruit.

Sorbus aucuparia, commonly called rowan and mountain-ash, is a species of deciduous tree or shrub in the rose family. It is a highly variable species, and botanists have used different definitions of the species to include or exclude trees native to certain areas; a recent definition includes trees native to most of Europe and parts of Asia, as well as northern Africa. The range extends from Madeira and Iceland to Russia and northern China. Unlike many plants with similar distributions, it is not native to Japan.

coat Lithuania

The coat of arms of Lithuania, consisting of an armour-clad knight on horseback holding an olden sword and shield, is also known as Vytis (pronounced [ʋiːt̪ɪs], "the Chaser"). The Lithuanian coat of arms is one of the oldest national coats of arms in Europe. It is one of very few containing symbolism adopted from ducal portrait seals rather than from coats of arms of dynasties, which is the case for most European countries.

Article 15 of the Constitution of Lithuania, approved by national referendum in 1992, stipulates, "The Coat of Arms of the State shall be a white Vytis on a red field". Heraldic shield features the field Gules (red) with an armoured knight on a horse salient Argent (white). The knight is holding in his dexter hand a sword Argent above his head. A shield Azure hangs on the sinister shoulder of the knight with a double cross Or (yellow) on it. The horse saddle, straps, and belts are Azure. The hilt of the sword and the fastening of the sheath, the stirrups, the curb bits of the bridle, the horseshoes, as well as the decoration of the harness, are Or (gold).

The blazon is the following:

Gules, a knight armed cap-à-pie mounted on a horse salient argent, brandishing a sword proper and maintaining a shield azure charged with a cross of Lorraine Or.

Denominations in numerals are in lower right corner and centered.

Comments:

Designer: Rūta Lelytė.

The coupons were printed in two Kaunas print shops "Spindulis" and "Raide". The 1991 issue was printed on Lithuanian paper, and in 1992 on Swedish.

The coupons of 1991 were introduced on August 5, 1991 and were paid as a supplement to the wage accrued and issued in rubles. The population as a money was not perceived and separately from the ruble in turnover were not. The coupon system of payment for goods rubles + coupons operated. Coupons were necessary when buying not all, but only certain types of goods. The TV could not be bought without coupons, and bread can be. This system lasted until May 11, 1992 and then again there was a transition only to rubles.

Since October 1, 1992, Lithuania has left the ruble zone and is moving to its monetary system. As new banknotes are introduced already familiar to the population coupons of 1991 and there is an exchange of rubles for coupons in the ratio 1 to 1. The denominations less than 1 coupon as money were not issued. They participated only in the system of paying ruble + coupon.

June 25, 1993 there is a transition to the litas and coupons are changing in the ratio of 100 to 1.