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20 Rufiyaa 1983, Maldives

in Krause book Number: 12a
Years of issue: 07.10.1983
Edition: 484 858
Signatures: President of Maldives: Mr. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
Serie: 1983 Issue
Specimen of: 1983
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 70
Printer: Bradbury, Wilkinson & Company Limited, New Malden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Rufiyaa 1983

Description

Watermark:

coat

watermark

Emblem of Maldives.

The Maldivian National Emblem consists of a coconut palm, a crescent, and two criss-crossing National Flags with the traditional Title of the State.

The depicted coconut palm represents the livelihood of the Nation according to Maldivian folklore and tradition. The inhabitants believe it to be the most beneficial tree to them as they utilize every part of the tree on various applications ranging from medicine to boat-building. The Crescent (a universal Islamic symbol) and its accompanying star embodies the Islamic faith of the State and its authority respectively.

The words of the scroll Ad-Dawlat Al-Mahaldheebiyya are written in the Arabic naskh style of script. They were used by Sultan AI-Ghazee Mohamed Thakurufaanu Al-Azam one of the most illustrious heroes of the nation. The title Ad-Dawlat Al-Mahaldheebiyya (Arabic: الدولة المحلديبية‎‎) means the "State of the Mahal Dibiyat", which is the name Ibn Battuta and other Mediaeval Arab travellers used to refer to the Maldives.

Avers:

20 Rufiyaa 1983

dhow dhow

Illustration of a bunch of coconuts and the "Dhivehi Odi" is common on the front of all banknotes in circulation. The coconut is widely used in the Maldives. The "Dhivehi Odi" built of coconut timber was used for inter island transport."Dhivehi Odi" is also a reference to "Kalhu'oh'fummi", the ship used by Muhanmed Thakurufaanu and his brothers, Ali and Hassan, when they were fighting to liberate Maldives.

Cōcos nucifēra

Centered is the coconut.

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family).

It is the only accepted species in the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. The spelling cocoanut is an archaic form of the word. The term is derived from the XIV century Portuguese and Spanish word coco meaning "head" or "skull", from the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features.

The coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many uses of its different parts and found throughout the tropics and subtropics. Coconuts are part of the daily diets of many people. Coconuts are different from any other fruits because they contain a large quantity of "water" and when immature they are known as tender-nuts or jelly-nuts and may be harvested for drinking. When mature, they still contain some water and can be used as seednuts or processed to give oil from the kernel, charcoal from the hard shell and coir from the fibrous husk. The endosperm is initially in its nuclear phase suspended within the coconut water. As development continues, cellular layers of endosperm deposit along the walls of the coconut, becoming the edible coconut "flesh". When dried, the coconut flesh is called copra. The oil and milk derived from it are commonly used in cooking and frying; coconut oil is also widely used in soaps and cosmetics. The clear liquid coconut water within is potable. The husks and leaves can be used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decorating. The coconut also has cultural and religious significance in many societies that use it.

Cypraea moneta

In lower left corner is the money cowry (Cypraea moneta).

Monetaria moneta, common name the money cowry, is a species of small sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cypraeidae, the cowries.

This species is called "money cowry" because the shells were historically widely used in many Pacific and Indian Ocean countries as shell money before coinage was in common usage.

It is a quite small porcelain, up to 3 cm. (1.2 in.), irregular and flattened, with very calloused edges and roughly subhexagonal. The color is pale (from white to dirty beige), but the dorsum seems transparent, often greenish grey with yellowish margins, with sometimes darker transverse strips and a fine yellow ring. The opening is wide and white, with pronounced denticules. The mantle of the live animal is mottled with black and dirty white.

The underside of a live Monetaria moneta with the mantle partially retracted.

This is a very common species which is found widely in Indo-Pacific tropical waters. It is present in numerous regions, including East and South Africa, Madagascar, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, Maldives, eastern Polynesia, Galapagos, Clipperton and Cocos islands off Central America, southern Japan, Midway and Hawaii, and northern New South Wales and Lord Howe Island.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.

Revers:

20 Rufiyaa 1983

Cordia subcordata

In top left corner is Cordia subcordata.

It is a species of flowering tree in the borage family, Boraginaceae, that occurs in eastern Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, northern Australia and the Pacific Islands. The plant is known by a variety of names including mareer, kerosene wood, manjak, snottygobbles, glueberry, narrow-leafed bird lime tree, "kanawa", tou, and kou. In Java and Madura, it is known as kalimasada, purnamasada, or pramasada; Javanese folklore consider the tree to contain spiritual power.

C. subcordata grows to 7-10 m. (23-33 ft.) at maturity, but may be as tall as 15 m. (49 ft.). It has ovate leaves that are 8-20 cm. (3.1-7.9 in.) and 5-13 cm. (2.0-5.1 in.) wide.

The tubular flowers of C. subcordata are 2.5-4 cm. (0.98-1.57 in.) in diameter and form cymes or panicles. Petals are orange and the sepals are pale green. Blooming occurs throughout the year, but most flowers are produced in the spring.

Male Harbor

Fishing boats at the dockside, Male Harbor.

Denomination in numerals are in three corners, in words - in top right corner.

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