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5 Pounds 1978, Lebanon

in Krause book Number: 62с
Years of issue: 1978
Edition: --
Signatures: Farid El Soloh, Joseph Oughurlian
Serie: 1964 Issue
Specimen of: 1964
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 х 70
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Pounds 1978

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The Phoenician merchant ship, bas-relief II century B.C. Founded in Sidon. The National museum of Beirut, Lebanon. In UV Arabic numeral 5 is yellow and the fibers are blue.

Navire de commerce phénicien Navire de commerce phénicien Navire de commerce phénicien

The Phoenician merchant ship is a type of ships used by the Phoenicians from around 2000 BC. (images in Tire, Sidon) until 200 BC. (the fall of Carthage).

The Phoenician merchant ships were quite roomy. The length of such ships reached 30 meters, and the crew - 30 people. The displacement could reach 230 tons. They had powerful stems and two stern oars. A large amphora from baked clay for storage of drinking water was attached to the nasal stalk. On the nose sometimes there was a ram (not necessarily serving to defeat the enemy - another and apparently its original function was the role of the nasal bulb) and the image of the all-seeing eye, and the tail resembled the tail of a scorpion. Along the sides of the ship were fixed gratings of rods to protect the deck cargo.

The masts were equipped with rai and carried a straight sail, usually a purple color (scarlet sails). The Jewish prophet Ezekiel reports that the masts of the Phoenician ships were made from Lebanese cedar, oars from the Vaasa oak, and benches. Cloths for sails were bought in Egypt.

The shipbuilding of the Phoenicians can be judged from the 15-meter-tall Siro-Canaanite merchant vessel found in Turkish Uluburun, dating back to 1320 BC. e. ± 50 years. Its body is built of thick (6 cm.) Cedar boards, joined to the edge by means of very massive oak spikes (30 cm. long, 6.2 cm. wide and 1.6 cm. thick), fixed in the grooves of the boards with the help of very large oak nails (2.2 cm. in diameter) is the earliest known case of using this technology in its pure form. There is a rudimentary keel in the form of a protruding casing belt. Transverse amplifiers are completely absent.

Avers:

5 Pounds 1978

museum

The National Museum of Beirut (متحف بيروت الوطنيّ‎) is the principal museum of archaeology in Lebanon. The collection was begun after World War I, and the museum was officially opened in 1942. The museum has collections totalling about 100,000 objects, most of which are antiquities and medieval finds from excavations undertaken by the Directorate General of Antiquities. About 1300 artifacts are exhibited, ranging in date from prehistoric times to the medieval Mamluk period.

archway

On the left side is an archway, outside proclaiming Lebanon's ancient heritage, onwards the National Museum of Beirut.

On the right side is the figure is Baal with raised arm standing on 400-330 BC Phoenician 1/8th shekel silver coin from the City of Byblos, King Adramelek.

baal

Bronze figurine of a Baal, ca. XIV-XII century BC, found at Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit) near the Phoenician coast. Today is in Musée du Louvre.

Baal, also rendered Baʿal (Biblical Hebrew בַּעַל), is a North-West Semitic title and honorific meaning "master" or "lord" that is used for various gods who were patrons of cities in the Levant and Asia Minor, cognate to Akkadian Bēlu. A Baalist or Baalite means a worshipper of Baal.

"Baal" may refer to any god and even to human officials. In some texts it is used for Hadad, a god of thunderstorms, fertility and agriculture, and the lord of Heaven. Baal is often represented by the symbol of the bull. Since only priests were allowed to utter his divine name, Hadad, Ba‛al was commonly used. Nevertheless, few if any biblical uses of "Baal" refer to Hadad, the lord over the assembly of gods on the holy mount of Heaven; most refer to a variety of local spirit-deities worshiped as cult images, each called baal and regarded in the Hebrew Bible in that context as a false god.

coin

Baal standing on standing on 400-330 BC Phoenician 1/8th shekel silver coin from the City of Byblos, King Adramelek.

On the coin:

Galley left with two hoplites; hippocamp below / Lion left, attacking a bull, Phoenician script around. (www.ancientresource.com)

To the left of Baal is a cypress.

Cypress

The Cypress is a tall and erect coniferous evergreen tree. It may reach a height of 25 meters. It is very common in boulevards, ornamental gardens, planted forests, cemeteries and as a windbreaker around plantations. Herzl’s cypress tree, which was planted by Herzl at Motza, is also a Funeral Cypress. Isolated remains indicate that the cypress grew wild in Israel. Wild cypress remains were found in the Galilee (Kziv Stream), on Mount Hermon, Gilead and Edom. In Crete there are wild cypress trees that are believed to be 450 years old, and in Israel there is a planted individual tree that is approximately 230 years old. It is difficult to assess its age by the annual xylem rings, because it may form several pseudo-rings within one year which do not encircle its trunk entirely.

Denomination is in Arabic numeral.

Revers:

5 Pounds 1978

Nahr El Kalb Nahr El Kalb

Ancient Mamluk era bridge over the river Nahr el Kalb ("The Dog River bridge") has been rebuilt many times. There are two grades of construction of this arched bridge, one under Sultan Barqoug (1392 - 1399) and one with the Emir Bashir Shihab II (January 2, 1767 - 1850), who repaired the bridge in 1809.

The other bridge, built between 1883 and 1892, was made by Mutassarrif of Mount Lebanon, Pashko Vasa.

Pashko Vasa (1825 - June 29, 1892) also known as Vaso Pasha, Wasa Pasha or Vaso Pashë Shkodrani, was an Albanian writer, poet and publicist of the Albanian National Awakening, and Governor of Lebanon from 1882 until his death.

Denomination in words is in French language.

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