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10 Dollars 2013, Barbados

in Krause book Number: 75
Years of issue: 02.05.2013
Edition: 2 528 169
Signatures: Governor: Dr. DeLisle Worrell (2009 - 2017)
Serie: 2013 Issue
Specimen of: 02.05.2013
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 x 65
Printer: De la Rue currency,Loughton

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

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10 Dollars 2013

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Charles Duncan O'Neal, denomination 10 and cornerstones.

Avers:

10 Dollars 2013

Charles Duncan O'Neal

Fondly remembered for laying the foundation of social reform in Barbados, Charles Duncan O’Neal dedicated much of his life to working for the poor and to agitating against the deep-seated racism inherent in Barbados during the 1920’s and 1930’s.

He was considered to be of a high social and professional ‘status’ within the island’s society, as he was a medical doctor of the ‘privileged’ class.

Duncan O’Neal’s stance on social reform was the first time in the island’s history that a university-educated professional had aligned themselves with what was considered to be the ‘lower’ classes of society.

Charles O’Neal was also the first black activist of the time to campaign for free education and dental care for children, improved housing, and the abolition of the Located Labourers’ System and the Masters and Servants Act.

Born in Barbados in 1879, Charles O’Neal left the island after secondary school to study medicine at Edinburgh University in Scotland; it was there that his interest in, and passion for, politics grew.

During this time, he ran for a local government office and in fact won a seat, however he felt compelled to go back to Barbados and spread his socialist message around the island to his fellow Bajans.

In 1910, he did return to Barbados but found the conditions so depressing that he went to live and work in Trinidad and Dominica.

However, after 14 years, he was once again drawn back to his beloved island and it was in October 1924 that O’Neal founded the ‘radical’ Democratic League political group, based on his socialist ideals.

In 1932, O’Neal won a seat in the Barbados House of Assembly as a Member for Bridgetown. During his time in Parliament, he continued to fight for workers’ rights, the poor and disenfranchised, and persistently campaigned for abolishing the practice of child labour.

Charles Duncan O’Neal’s many achievements include the creation of a wide network of grass-root organizations – he founded the Democratic League; in 1926, set up the Working Men’s Association; launched a co-operative venture in Bridgetown; and he also invested in a newspaper called ‘The Herald‘, which promoted a message of social change.

Charles O’Neal is also credited with being the first politician in Barbados to campaign for the improved conditions for women in the workplace, and supported the role women held in leadership positions in the Democratic League as well as the Working Men’s Association.

It’s also worth noting that one of the two main bridges over the Careenage in the nation’s capital-city (Bridgetown) is named after this local legend – namely, the Charles Duncan O’Neal Bridge.

In 1998, by an act of Parliament, Charles Duncan O’Neal was also publicly honoured by his mother country by being named as one of the ten official National Heroes of Barbados, which celebrates those Barbadians who have made outstanding contributions to the country’s history and development.

When this legendary Barbadian passed away on 19 November 1936, he left a legacy of an increased political consciousness of the nation and social reform. (www.totallybarbados.com)

coat

In top left corner is the coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Barbados was adopted on 14 February 1966 by royal warrant of Queen Elizabeth II. The coat of arms of Barbados was presented by the Queen to the President of the Senate, Sir Grey Massiah. Like other former British possessions in the Caribbean, the coat of arms has a helmet with a national symbol on top, and a shield beneath that is supported by two animals.

The arms were designed by Neville Connell, for many years curator of the Barbados Museum, with artistic assistance by Hilda Ince.

The national symbol found on top of the helmet for Barbados is the fist of a Barbadian holding two stalks of sugar cane, that are crossed to resemble St. Andrew's Cross. This is representative of the importance of the sugar industry as well as Barbados celebrating its national independence day on St. Andrew's Day.

The shield is gold in colour. Upon it are a pair of the national flower, known as the Pride of Barbados, and a single bearded fig tree (Ficus citrifolia). The shield is supported by a dolphin fish and a pelican. They stand for the fishing industry and Pelican Island, respectively.

At the bottom is Barbados' national motto ("Pride and Industry") on a scroll.

On background and as seen-through image are the tridents.

The trident symbol was taken from Barbados' colonial badge, where the trident of Poseidon is shown with Britannia holding it. The broken lower part symbolizes a symbolic break from its status as a colony. The three points of the trident represent the three principles of democracy: 1) government of the people, 2) government for the people, and 3) government by the people.

map

On background is the map of Barbados.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners, in words centered.

Revers:

10 Dollars 2013

bridge bridge

The Charles Duncan O'Neal Bridge in Barbados one of two bridges located in Bridgetown which stretches over the Careenage (Constitution River). It is located parallel to the neighbouring Chamberlain Bridge and next to the Fairchild Street Bus Terminal.

This bridge was completed by 1681, and was the second bridge to be built over the river. It was constructed after the Chamberlain Bridge was repeatedly damaged and destroyed throughout the years, and it became necessary to have two bridges.

The construction of the Charles Duncan O'Neal Bridge was originally funded by levying a tax on slaves. It was also originally know as the "East Bridge", while the Chamberlain Bridge was the "West Bridge". (www.funbarbados.com)

Denominations in numerals are in top corners, in words - at the bottom.

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