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500 Tolarjev 1992, Slovenia

in Krause book Number: 16a
Years of issue: 30.09.1992
Edition: --
Signatures: Guverner: France Arhar, Član Sveta Banke: Ivan Ribnikar
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 15.01.1992
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 x 75
Printer: De la Rue currency,Gateshead

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Tolarjev 1992

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Jože Plečnik.

Avers:

500 Tolarjev 1992

Jože Plečnik

Jože Plečnik (23 January 1872 – 7 January 1957) was a Slovene architect who had a major impact on the modern identity of the city of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, most notably by designing the iconic Triple Bridge and the Slovene National and University Library building, as well as the embankments along the Ljubljanica River, the Ljubljana open market buildings, the Ljubljana cemetery, parks, plazas etc. His architectural imprint on Ljubljana has been compared to the impact Antoni Gaudí had on Barcelona.

His style is associated with the Vienna Secession style of architecture (a type of Art Nouveau). Besides in Ljubljana, he worked in Vienna, Belgrade and on the Prague Castle. He influenced the avant-garde Czech Cubism. He is also a founding member of the Ljubljana School of Architecture, joining it upon an invitation by Ivan Vurnik, another notable Ljubljana architect.

From 1900 through 1910, while practicing in the Wagner's office in Vienna, he designed the Langer House (1900) and the Zacherlhaus (1903-1905).

His 1910-1913 Church of the Holy Spirit (Heilig-Geist-Kirche) is remarkable for its innovative use of poured-in-place concrete as both structure and exterior surface, and also for its abstracted classical form language. Most radical is the church's crypt, with its slender concrete columns and angular, cubist capitals and bases.

In 1911, Plečnik moved to Prague, where he taught at the college of arts and crafts. The Czechoslovak president at the time, Tomáš Masaryk, appointed Plečnik chief architect for the 1920 renovation of the Prague Castle. From 1920 until 1934 Plečnik completed a wide range of projects at the castle, including renovation of gardens and courtyards, the design and installation of monuments and sculptures, and the design of numerous new interior spaces, including the Plečnik Hall completed in 1930, which features three levels of abstracted Doric colonnades. His final work in Prague was the distinctive modernist Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Our Lord (Roman Catholic, 1929-1932).

Upon the 1921 establishment of the Ljubljana School of Architecture in his hometown of Ljubljana, he was invited by the fellow Slovene architect Ivan Vurnik to become a founding faculty member and moved to teach architecture at the University of Ljubljana. Plečnik would remain in Ljubljana until his death, and it is there that his influence as an architect is most noticeable.

Plečnik gave the capital of Slovenia, the city of Ljubljana, its modern identity by designing iconic buildings such as the Slovene National and University Library building. He also designed other notable buildings, including the Vzajemna Insurance Company Offices, and contributed to many civic improvements. He renovated the city's bridges and the Ljubljanica River banks, and designed the Ljubljana open market buildings, the Ljubljana cemetery, parks, plazas etc. Buildings designed by Plečnik were built by the constructor Matko Curk.

During the Communist period of Slovene history Plečnik fell out of favor as a Catholic and his teaching role at the university was gradually reduced because he was over 70 years old. He received fewer commissions, although he did complete some smaller monuments, fountains and church renovations in the 1950s. Plečnik died in 1957 and received an official state funeral in Žale.

In the left hand area of the banknote a pair of compasses and a circle are drawn.

Denominations in numerals are at the bottom and in top right corner. In words - centered.

Revers:

500 Tolarjev 1992

Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica

On top is the building of the National and University Library of Slovenia (Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica). Eastern facade.

In 2017, Ljubljana will mark the 60th anniversary of the death of the world-renowned Slovenian architect, Jože Plečnik (1872 – 1957). It wasn’t so long ago that buildings were built with a strong and symbolic significance – such as the body of work of Plečnik, which is certainly a unique example of the usage of symbols in architecture. With that in mind, let’s take a closer look at the National and University Library and its symbolic message.

The National and University Library, first established in 1774, is one of the most important national educational and cultural institutions of Slovenia, located in the center of Ljubljana, designed in the years 1930 – 1931 and constructed between 1936 – 1941.

Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica

Plečnik designed the library as a temple to the wisdom of the Slovenian nation and not as a functional object. The building holds every Slovenian book, therefore all the knowledge that the nation is able to create.

Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica

At the bottom is the The ground floor plan of the Library, from Plečnik project.

Denominations in numerals are at the bottom and in top right corner. In words - centered.

Comments:

Designer: Miljenko Licul and coauthors.

Painter of the portrait: Rudi Španzel.

The banknote printed on paper, made in Slovenian city Radeče.