header Notes Collection
Top

1000 Pesos 2008, Colombia

in Krause book Number: 450
Years of issue: 07.11.2008
Edition: --
Signatures: Gerente General: José Darío Uribe Escobar, Gerente Ejecutivo: Geraldo Hernández Correa
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 07.08.2001
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 х 70
Printer: Imprenta de Billetes, Banco de la República, Bogota

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Pesos 2008

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán.

Avers:

1000 Pesos 2008

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán Jorge Eliécer Gaitán

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, 1948. On background are the people on the rally, supporting Gaitan.

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán Ayala (January 23, 1903 – April 9, 1948) was a politician, a leader of a populist movement in Colombia, a former Education Minister (1940) and Labor Minister (1943-1944), mayor of Bogotá (1936) and one of the most charismatic leaders of the Liberal Party. He was assassinated during his second presidential campaign in 1948, setting off the Bogotazo and leading to a violent period of political unrest in Colombian history known as La Violencia (approx. 1948 to 1958).

It is said that Gaitán's main political asset was his profound and vibrant oratory, often classified as populist by contemporaries and by later analysts, which attracted hundreds of thousands of union members and low-income Colombians at the time. Writer Harry Bernstein considered that the promises that he made to the people were as important to his appeal as his impressive public speaking skills, promises that Bernstein felt made him almost a demagogue, and which led Bernstein to compare him with Juan Perón of Argentina.

In particular, he repeatedly divided the country into the oligarchy and the people, calling the former corrupt and the latter admirable, worthy, and deserving of Colombia's moral restoration. He stirred the audience's emotions by aggressively denouncing social, moral and economical evils stemming both from the Liberal and Conservative political parties, promising his supporters that a better future was possible if they all worked together against such evils.

In 1946, Gaitán referred to the difference between what he called the "political country" and the "national country". Accordingly, the "political country" was controlled by the interests of the oligarchy and its internal struggles, therefore it did not properly respond to the real demands of the "national country"; that is, the country made up of citizens in need of better socioeconomic conditions and greater sociopolitical freedom.

He was criticized by the more orthodox sectors of the Colombian Liberal Party (who considered him too unruly), most of the Colombian Conservative Party, the leadership of the Colombian Communist Party (who saw him as a competitor for the political affections of the masses). Gaitán was warned by U.S. Ambassador Beaulac on March 24, 1948 that Communists were planning a disruption of the impending conference and that his Liberal Party would likely be blamed.

The subject of future land reform was also prominent in some of his speeches.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.

Revers:

1000 Pesos 2008

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán on rally.

On left side are 2 sentences by him:

"Yo no soy un hombre, soy un pueblo"; "El pueblo es superior a sus dirigentes".

In English:

"I am not a man, I am the people"; "The people are superior to their leaders".

Dianthus caryophyllus

On top, right of center, is Dianthus caryophyllus, carnation or clove pink. It is a species of Dianthus. It is probably native to the Mediterranean region but its exact range is unknown due to extensive cultivation for the last 2,000 years.

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall. The leaves are glaucous greyish green to blue-green, slender, up to 15 cm long. The flowers are produced singly or up to five together in a cyme; they are 3–5 cm diameter, and sweetly scented; the original natural flower colour is bright pinkish-purple, but cultivars of other colours, including red, white, yellow and green, have been developed.

On both sides are floral patterns. Lower right is the seal of Colombian Bank (represents a female allegory of Colombia).

Denominations in numeral are in top left and lower right corners.

Comments: