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1000 Shillings 2010, Tanzania

in Krause book Number: 41
Years of issue: 2010
Edition: 52 377 446
Signatures: Minister for Finance: Mustafa Haidi Mkulo (in office from 13 February 2007 till 7 May 2012), Governor: Benno Ndulu
Serie: 2010 Issue
Specimen of: 2010
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 125 х 65
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Shillings 2010

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The first president of Tanzania - Julius Nyerere and denomination 1000. Cornerstones.

Avers:

1000 Shillings 2010

Julius Kambarage Nyerere

Julius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 – 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist. He governed Tanganyika as its Prime Minister from 1961 to 1963 and then as its President from 1963 to 1964, after which he led its successor state, Tanzania, as its President from 1964 until 1985. He was a founding member of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) party and later a member of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party. Ideologically an African nationalist and African socialist, he promoted a political philosophy known as Ujamaa.

Born in Butiama, then in the British colony of Tanganyika, Nyerere was the son of a Zanaki chief. After completing his schooling in Tanganyika, he studied at Makerere College in Uganda and then Edinburgh University in Britain. Nyerere was known by the Swahili honorific Mwalimu or 'teacher', his profession prior to politics. He was also referred to as Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation). In 1954, he helped form the Tanganyika African National Union, which was instrumental in obtaining independence for Tanganyika.

In 1967, influenced by the ideas of African socialism, Nyerere issued the Arusha Declaration, which outlined his vision of ujamaa (variously translated as "familyhood" or "socialism"; not to be confused with the Swahili word Umoja which means "unity"). Ujamaa was a concept that came to dominate Nyerere's policies. However, his policies led to economic decline, systematic corruption, and unavailability of goods. In the early 1970s, Nyerere ordered his security forces to forcibly transfer much of the population to collective farms and, because of opposition from villagers, often burned villages down.[citation needed] This campaign pushed the nation to the brink of starvation and made it dependent on foreign food aid. In 1985, after more than two decades in power, he relinquished power to his hand-picked successor, Ali Hassan Mwinyi. Nyerere left Tanzania as one of the poorest and most foreign aid-dependent countries in the world, although much progress in services such as health and education had nevertheless been achieved. He remained the chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi for another five years until 1990. He died of leukemia in London, in 1999.

Nyerere is still a controversial figure in Tanzania. A cult of personality revolves around him and the country's Roman Catholic community have attempted to beatify him.

coat of arms

Centered, on top, is The coat of arms of Tanzania.

The coat of arms of Tanzania comprises a warrior’s shield which bears a golden portion on the upper part followed underneath by the Flag of Tanzania. It was designed by Mr. Jeremiah Wisdom Kabati, at Bwiru Mwanza in 1961.

The golden portion represents minerals in the United Republic; the red portion underneath the flag symbolizes the rich fertile soil of Africa; and the wavy bands represent the land, sea, lakes and coastal lines of the United Republic.

In the golden part of the flag, there appears a burning torch signifying freedom (Uhuru), enlightenment and knowledge; a spear signifying defence of freedom and crossed axe and hoe being tools that the people of Tanzania use in developing the country.

The shield stands upon the representation of Mount Kilimanjaro. Elephant tusks are supported by a man and a woman, with a clove bush at the feet of the man and a cotton bush at the feet of the woman (whose head is covered with a golden scarf) indicating the theme of co-operation.

The United Republic motto below - Uhuru na Umoja - is written in Swahili and means "Freedom and Unity".

Mwanza rocks

On right side is The Bismark rock in Mwanza, Tanzania.

Mwanza is a mid-sized port city on the southern shores of Lake Victoria, in northwestern Tanzania.

Bismarck Rock, a natural balanced granite formation that lies within the main harbor of Mwanza, but several similarly impressive outcrops can be seen in the region.

The extremely heavy rock is granite rock, a granular igneous plutonic rock and the stones are for millions of years in their places. By movements of the earth's crust then get into more upper layers of the earth and solidify. It will be removed in the upper layers of soil over 10.000 of years and the stones slowly by further erosion and water rinses come to the surface and it incur the round shapes.

Granite caused by the solidification of molten rock (magma) within the continental crust, usually at a depth of more than 2 km. below the surface. It solidifies at greater depths of the earth's crust of an intruding magma at about 700 ° C. (www.geocaching.com)

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. In words in lower right corner.

Revers:

1000 Shillings 2010

State house

The white house on Ocean road, in the capital of Tanzania - Dar es Salaam.

The White House (Ikulu), also known in English as the State House, is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United Republic of Tanzania. The current building, then called Government House, was constructed under the first British Governor of Tanganyika Horace Byatt in 1922 to the designs of architect John Sinclair. It is built on the remains of the original building constructed by the German administrators of German East Africa, that had been damaged by the Royal Navy in December 1914. The south wing was added in 1956 to honour the visit of Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon and retains the name The Princess Margaret Wing to this day. The building was renamed State House on independence.

The State House blends African and Arabian architecture, with wide verandahs and covered walkways. It is white-walled with floors of African terrazzo, and stands in over 33 acres (13 ha.) of grounds overlooking the Indian Ocean. The brass-studded west doors are surmounted by a replica of the Republic's Coat of Arms and flanked by two giant drums.

The building contains a number of gifts from state visitors, including an Ethiopian shield with crossed spears, given by Emperor Haile Selassie and a representation of the coat-of-arms of the Republic of Tanganyika, given by the government of India in 1961, that acts as a backdrop to the President's seat in the Council Chamber.

Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi

Centered, on top, in rhombus, is The Masai giraffe.

The Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi), also spelled Maasai giraffe, also called Kilimanjaro giraffe, is the largest species of giraffe native to East Africa, also the tallest land mammal. The Masai giraffe can be found in central and southern Kenya and in Tanzania. It has distinctive, irregular, jagged, star-like blotches which extend to the hooves. A median lump is usually present in males.

It was described and given its binomial name Giraffa tippelskirchi by German zoologist Paul Matschie in 1898. The Masai giraffe was named in honor of Herr von Tippelskirch who was a member of a German scientific expedition in German East Africa to what is now northern Tanzania in 1896. Tippelskirch bought back the skin of a female Masai giraffe from near Lake Eyasi which was later on identified as Giraffa tippelskirchi. The IUCN currently recognizes only one species of giraffe with nine subspecies. However, alternative taxonomies have proposed Masai giraffes be considered a unique species.

The Masai giraffe is distinguished by jagged spots on its body, geographic range including southern Kenya, all of Tanzania, and the Luangwa Valley in Zambia, and genetic evidence. It is the largest-bodied giraffe species.

Syzygium aromaticum

In lower left corner are Cloves.

Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia, and are commonly used as a spice. Cloves are commercially harvested primarily in Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.

The clove tree is an evergreen tree that grows up to 8-12 m. tall, with large leaves and sanguine flowers grouped in terminal clusters. The flower buds initially have a pale hue, gradually turn green, then transition to a bright red when ready for harvest. Cloves are harvested at 1.5-2.0 cm. long, and consist of a long calyx that terminates in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals that form a small central ball.

Coffea arabica

In lower left corner, left of Cloves, is Coffea arabica.

Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the mountains of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee" or "arabica coffee". Coffea arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, being grown in southwest Ethiopia for well over 1,000 years. Arabica coffee production in Indonesia began in 1699. Indonesian coffees, such as Sumatran and Java, are known for heavy body and low acidity. This makes them ideal for blending with the higher acidity coffees from Central America and East Africa. One of the major crops in Kenya.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In words at the bottom.

Comments:

On banknote are signatures of:

Mustafa Haidi Mkulo

Minister of Finance - Mustafa Haidi Mkulo.

Benno Ndulu

Governor of the Bank - Benno Ndulu.