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5 Lei 2013, Moldavia

in Krause book Number: 9
Years of issue: 2013
Edition: --
Signatures: Guvernator: Dorin Drăguțanu
Serie: 1994 Serie
Specimen of: 29.04.1994
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 114 х 58
Printer: Unknown printer

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Lei 2013

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Printed on a special paper, which has incorporated in its structure a watermark depicting the portrait of Ştefan cel Mare and a metallic vertical security thread.

Avers:

5 Lei 2013

Stefan cel Mare si Sfant

The engraving on banknote is made after this monument to Stephen III.

Stephen III of Moldavia (also known as Stefan the Great, Romanian: Ștefan cel Mare, Ștefan cel Mare și Sfânt, "Stefan the Great and Holy", 1433 - July 2, 1504) was Prince of Moldavia between 1457 and 1504 and the most prominent representative of the House of Mușat.

During his reign, he strengthened Moldavia and maintained its independence against the ambitions of Hungary, Poland, and the Ottoman Empire, which all sought to subdue the land. Stephen achieved fame in Europe for his long resistance against the Ottomans. He was victorious in 46 of his 48 battles, and was one of the first to gain a decisive victory over the Ottomans at the Battle of Vaslui, after which Pope Sixtus IV deemed him verus christianae fidei athleta (true Champion of Christian Faith). He was a man of religion and displayed his piety when he paid the debt of Mount Athos to the Porte, ensuring the continuity of Athos as an autonomous monastical community.

On the right side is Moldavian coat of arms.

coat

The coat of arms of Moldova consists of a stylized eagle holding a cross in its beak and a sceptre and an olive branch in its claws.

According to the author of the coat of arms - George Vrabie, the eagle symbolizes the Latin origin of the people.

The chest of the eagle is protected by a shield that bears the traditional insigns of Moldavia: an aurochs head with the sun between its horns. It also contains two lozenges (the ears), a five-petal flower and a moon in a crescent phase. Everything on the shield has one of the three traditional colours: red, yellow, blue.

Lower, the inscription: "PE-UN PICIOR DE PLAI, PE-O GURĂ DE RAI..." - the opening lines of the ballad "Mioritsa" by Vasile Alexandru. Nearby, the stylized V, as a symbol of Victory.

On the background is a national multicolored ornament, two vertical decorative elements. The inscription "Republca Moldova".

Top right is the abbreviation "BNM" (Bank of Moldova).

Denominations in numerals are in top and lower left corners, also in lower right. Centered is in words and in numeral.

Revers:

5 Lei 2013

The nominal value written in figures and words, two vertical decorative elements, the Coat of Arms of Ştefan cel Mare, the stylised images of the Column of Traian, the Column of Infinity and between them a crescent moon, the name of the issuing bank "BANCA NAŢIONALĂ A MOLDOVEI", the abbreviation "BNM".

Catedrala Sfântul Dumitru Catedrala Sfântul Dumitru Catedrala Sfântul Dumitru

St. Dumitru Church, Orhei (Catedrala Sfântul Dumitru, Biserica Sf. Dumitru).

The founder of the cathedral was the mister of Moldova Vasile Lupu (1634-1653), the cathedral itself was built between 1632 and 1636, and is the only church, that has survived since then, in Moldova. Made almost without any decor and, rather, it resembles a defensive structure than a temple. The cathedral is included in the register of national heritage, being an architectural monument.

Lower are two columns: on the right side is Trajan's Column in Rome and on the left side is the Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu. Between them is a crescent.

Column Trojan

Trajan's Column (Colonna Traiana) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. Located in Trajan's Forum, built near the Quirinal Hill, north of the Roman Forum.

Completed in AD 113, the freestanding column is most famous for its spiral bas relief, which artistically describes the epic wars between the Romans and Dacians (101-102 and 105-106). Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern.

Coloana fara sfarsit

The Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu is an homage to the Romanian heroes of the First World War. The ensemble comprises three sculptures: the Table of Silence, the Gate of the Kiss and the Column of the Infinite, on an axis 1,300 m (4,250 ft) long, oriented west to east. The Ensemble is considered to be one of the great works of 20th century outdoor sculpture.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and right corners. Lower, centered, in words.

Comments:

A dark outlining watermark, depicting the portrait of Ştefan cel Mare directed towards the centre, visible if seen against light;

The metallic security thread incorporated between the portrait of Ştefan cel Mare side and the central rosette, visible if seen against light;

See-through feature: when the banknote is held against light the outline of the pattern of the sun on the front side and of the crescent moon on the reverse side as well as the circle of the sun and the circle within which the crescent moon is depicted must correspond perfectly. The letter "V" on the front side and the Column of Traian and the Infinite Column depicted on the reverse side combined together create a letter "M" (Moldova)