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100 Pesos Oro 2002, Dominican Republic

in Krause book Number: 171b
Years of issue: 2002
Edition: 60 000 000
Signatures: Gobernador del Banco Central: Frank Guerrero Prats, Secretario de Estado de Finanzas Fernando Alvarez Bogaert
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 2001
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156 x 67
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Pesos Oro 2002

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Juan Pablo Duarte - please, read obverse description!

Avers:

100 Pesos Oro 2002

On banknote are the effigies of the "Founding Fathers": Francisco del Rosario Sanchez, Juan Pablo Duarte and Matiás Ramón Mella.

Matías Ramón Mella, born 25 February 1816, is regarded as a national hero in the Dominican Republic. The Order of Merit of Duarte, Sanchez and Mella is partially named in his honor. He was a member of the First Republic's provisional governing board, convened 28 February 1844. Leader of the Dominican independence. In 1838, sixteen years after the entire island of La Hispaniola unified under the domination of Haiti, Mella participated with other Dominican patriots (most notably Juan Pablo Duarte and Francisco del Rosario Sanchez) in founding "The Trinity," a secret society with the aim of overthrowing the regime of Haitian dictator Jean Pierre Boyer.

Juan Pablo Duarte

The engravings on banknote and watermark are made after this portrait of Juan Pablo Duarte by Dominican painter Abelardo Rodríguez Urdaneta (1870-1933). Today this portrait is in Instituto Duartiano, in Santo-Domingo.

Juan Pablo Duarte (January 26, 1813 – July 15, 1876) is one of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic. He was a visionary and liberal thinker, who along with Francisco del Rosario Sánchez and Matías Ramón Mella, is widely considered to be the architect of the Dominican Republic and its independence from Haitian rule in 1844. He would help create the political organization La Trinitaria to fight against the Haitian occupation, achieve independence, and create a self-sufficient nation.

Duarte helped inspire and finance the Dominican War of Independence, paying a heavy toll which would eventually ruin him financially. His liberal views made him a controversial figure among conservative and powerful Dominicans of the time, and he was exiled at numerous occasions after the founding of the new nation. His liberal views went against the conservative elites who sought for heavy-handed control of the nation, and wanted to maintain the traditional regionalisms of the past. Duarte had strong disagreements with the republic's first president, Pedro Santana, as Santana was a tyrannical figure. Ultimately, Duarte would spend many years away from the nation he helped shape and would die in exile, this made him a political martyr in the eyes of subsequent generations.

Francisco del Rosario Sánchez

Francisco del Rosario Sánchez (March 9, 1817 – July 4, 1861) was a politician and founding father of the Dominican Republic. He is considered by Dominicans as the second leader of the 1844 Dominican War of Independence, after Juan Pablo Duarte and before Ramón Matías Mella. The Order of Merit of Duarte, Sanchez and Mella is named in honor of these men. He was the son of Olaya del Rosario Belén (1791–1849), a Dominican woman , and Narciso Sánchez Ramona (1789-1869), a Haitian-Dominican man; his surnames are inverted because his parents were not married at the time of his birth, marrying in 1819.

Sánchez traveled to the U.S. and Europe as a young man. His vision of the cause was the typical republican goal of the Age of Enlightenment. Duarte's exile took place at the last and most crucial stage of the struggle. It was when Duarte was exiled and in hiding in Venezuela that Sánchez became the central presence in the Dominican revolt.

Sánchez took the lead as the prime mover of the independence movement, maintaining contact with Duarte through his relatives. While educated and having taught himself Latin and French later in life, he is mostly remembered as a man of action. In the proceedings that took place just before the proclamation of independence on February 27, 1844, Sánchez was elected by his peers in La Trinitaria as Commander in Arms and Chief of the Government Junta in the nascent republic. This was quite a recognition and a testament to his virtues.

After a brief period of turmoil and quick political succession, Pedro Santana exiled the main architects of the independence. Sánchez spent four years in exile and was eventually pardoned. He returned to the Dominican Republic in time to see Santana invite Spain to re-occupy the country as colony. Sánchez led a force in an attempt to overthrow Santana, but was captured by Santana's forces and executed in 1861.

He is entombed in a mausoleum, Altar de la Patria, at the Count's Gate (Puerta del Conde) alongside Duarte and Mella, at the location of the start of the War of Independence.

Flowers of mahogany wood

Centered are the flowers of a national symbol (from 1957 till 2011) of Dominican Republic, mahogany wood (La Caoba, Swietenia mahagoni). It grows throughout most of Latin America, up to 35-50 meters in height and 1.8 m in diameter. Dense wood with a reddish tinge gave another name - red wood. Resistant to environmental influences, mahogany was the basic material for the manufacture of furniture in the Spanish colonies, which led to the brink of its extinction.

The seal of Dominican Bank is on left side.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners corners. In words - in top left corner.

Revers:

100 Pesos Oro 2002

La Puerta del Conde La Puerta del Conde

La Puerta del Conde (The Count's Gate) is the site in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic where Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, one of the Dominican Founding Fathers, proclaimed Dominican independence and raised the first Dominican Flag, on February 27, 1844.

The gate is part of a structure called El Baluarte del Conde (The Count's Bulwark), a fort in Ciudad Colonial, the colonial area of Santo Domingo. The fort was part of a larger system of fortifications that ran along a defensive wall which surrounded Ciudad Colonial. The Altar of the Fatherland and Independence Park are located there.

The construction of this site began in 1543 and the site was originally named Fort San Genaro. It was designed to defend Santo Domingo from invading armies and attacks by pirates and corsairs.

The murralla (defensive wall) was modified in 1655 after the English, led by William Penn and Robert Venables, undertook the Siege of Santo Domingo. The invasion was thwarted by Spanish troops commanded by the Captain General of the Colony, Don Bernardino de Meneses y Bracamonte, Count of Peñalva. Due to his valor, the site was named in his honor La Puerta del Conde. The muralla was appended to Fort San Genaro and the structures became indistinguishable and known since 1655 as La Puerta del Conde.

El Baluarte del Conde was a typical model of the school of XVII-century bastion fortresses of Italian influence, which are preserved in the Caribbean as a major legacy of XVII-century fortifications. The city's defensive wall reached its full footprint by about the XVIII century with the addition of various defensive structures, effectively enclosing Colonial Santo Domingo in a pentagonal wall. La Puerta del Conde was the western entrance into Colonial Santo Domingo. Not much remains of the defensive walls which once surrounded the entire city, except for several sections with gates and forts, including: La Puerta del Conde, La Puerta de la Misericordia, Fuerte San Jose, Fuerte Santa Barbara, Fuerte San Gil, etc.

Today, La Puerta del Conde serves as the main entrance to El Parque Nacional (The National Park), also referred to as Independence Park. Inscribed above the arch of La Puerta del Conde is "ỉDulce et Decori est pro patria moriḯ", in Latin, which means "It is indeed sweet and honorable to die for the fatherland". El Baluarte del Conde is a symbol of independence and contains several monuments and structures which attest to the Dominican struggle for freedom. It is common to refer to the fort as La Puerta del Conde/Parque Nacional, being that these are the two most visible and relevant symbols of the Dominican Republic; the park is where the Altar de la Patria (the Altar of the Fatherland) is located.

Las Caritas

Right of center are the Las Caritas ("The faces"). It is a collection of Indian inscriptions in a rock formation looking out over Lake Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic. The place is also called the Trono de Enriquillo ("Enriquillo's throne") because it is said the Taíno leader Enriquillo used to camp here during his rebellion.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In words - in lower right corner.

Comments:

All banknotes carry the phrase "Este billete tiene fuerza libertoria para el pago de todas las obligaciónes públicas o privadas". Literally translated as "This bill has the liberatory strength to be used as payment for all public or private obligations".