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1000 Kronur 1994, Faeroe Islands

in Krause book Number: 23e
Years of issue: 1994
Edition: --
Signatures: Ríkisumboðið (Danish High Commissioner): Bent Klinte, Føroya Landsstýri (Prime - Minister): Marita Petersen
Serie: 1978 - 1986 Issue
Specimen of: 1978
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 176 x 94
Printer: Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Kronur 1994

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Anchor chain.

Avers:

1000 Kronur 1994

Jens Hendrik Oliver Djurhuus

Jens Hendrik Oliver Djurhuus, called Janus Djurhuus, (26 February 1881, Tórshavn – 1 September 1948, Tórshavn) was the first modern Faroese poet. He and his younger brother Hans Andreas Djurhuus, also a poet, are called the Áarstova brothers, after the house where they grew up.

Djurhuus' parents were Óla Jákup Djurhuus (1832–1909) and Else Marie née Poulsen, from Hósvík (1847–1897). He was a great-grandson of Jens Christian Djurhuus.

Djurhuus said that his "poetic baptism" came in school, when he heard Jákup Dahl (later a provost and Bible translator and author of the first school grammar of the Faroese language) declaim Jóannes Patursson's Nú er tann stundin komin til handa (Now is the hour come for acting), the anthem of the Christmas Meeting.

Djurhuus trained as a lawyer. After passing the preliminary examinations in 1897, he went to Denmark for university preparation, first in Copenhagen and then in Bornholm. He passed the qualifying examinations in 1900, graduated with the cand. jur. degree in 1911, and then practised in Copenhagen until the late 1930s, when he returned to the Faroes to practise there. However, he kept in touch with his homeland through students.

His first published poem was "Blíð er summarnátt á Føroya landi", in 1901. In 1914 he published Yrkingar (Poems), the first collection of a single poet's work published in Faroese. He published four further collections of poems.

Djurhuus had also studied classical philology, and also published accomplished Faroese translations of Ancient Greek and Latin works, including some of Plato's Dialogues and poetry by Sappho, and (posthumously) a poetic translation of the Iliad. (He also published translations of poetic works by Goethe, Dante, Heinrich Heine and Gustaf Fröding). There is a story that on one occasion when a Greek steamer called at Tórshavn, he went on board and sent a cabin boy for the captain. On his arrival, he began to recite the Odyssey in Ancient Greek. The astonished captain joined in.

His poetry combines Classical and Norse mythology. The language of his poems draws on both modern Faroese and the language of the traditional ballads, as well as ancient and modern poetry in other Scandinavian languages; their rhythm is also influenced by ancient Greek and modern German poetry.

Djurhuus' poetry represented the breakthrough into modern literature in Faroese. His poetry has been judged "among the best" of modern Scandinavian writing, "splendid . . . of great vision and musicality" and some consider him the greatest Faroese poet, "the first Faroese writer of genius", "without a doubt a great poet".

He was a national romantic, but his works show what has been described as poetic idealisation and love of his homeland conflicting with "something of a revulsion from [its] reality" and as "doubt and pessimism, a result of the clash between [his] powerful, pathetic dream of beauty and petty, miserable reality". "Útlegd" (Exile—referring to his many years in Denmark) is an example of this pessimism.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners and two times in central frame, in words - centered.

Revers:

1000 Kronur 1994

Torshavn Torshavn Torshavn

On banknote - Aarvegur street, in Torshavn, in the end of XIX century. J. H. O. Djurhuus was born and raised in the house in the back of the picture – to the right behind the bridge (with the two windows below).

The house does not longer exist, but there is a statue on the place with pictures of Jens Hendrik Oliver Djurhuus (1881-1948) and his brother Hans Andrias Djurhuus (1883-1951), who also was a famous author and poet here on the Faroe Islands.

On brown background are the words "Føroyar" repeated.

Denominations in numerals are in lower top left corners.

Comments:

Many many thanks to Jens Kjeld Jensen, Ólavur Øster and Eyðálvur Gulklett from Faeroe islands, for information about image on reverse of banknote!