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5 Shillings 1941, East Africa

in Krause book Number: 28
Years of issue: 01.07.1941
Edition: --
Signatures: Mr. William Cecil Bottomley, Mr. Raymond Newton Kershaw, Mr. Harold A. Beckett
Serie: Series 1938 - 1952
Specimen of: 01.07.1941
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 155 х 95
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), Nairobi

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

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5 Shillings 1941

Description

Watermark:

EACBDiamonds with letters EACB (East African Currency Board) inside.

Avers:

5 Shillings 1941

HM The King George VI on the left side.

George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 - 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth.

Elaeis guineensisOn the left side, behind serial number, presumably, is a branch of African oil palm.

Elaeis guineensis is a species of palm commonly called African oil palm or macaw-fat. It is the principal source of palm oil. It is native to west and southwest Africa, specifically the area between Angola and the Gambia; the species name guineensis refers to the name for the area, Guinea, and not the modern country which now bears that name. The species is also now naturalised in Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Sumatra, Central America, the West Indies and several islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The closely related American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and a more distantly related palm, Attalea maripa, are also used to produce palm oil.

Human use of oil palms may date as far back as 5,000 years in West Africa; in the late 1800s, archaeologists discovered palm oil in a tomb at Abydos dating back to 3,000 BCE. It is thought that Arab traders brought the oil palm to Egypt.

CymbopogonOn the right side, behind serial number, presumably, is Lemongrass.

Cymbopogon, commonly known as lemongrass is a genus of Asian, African, Australian, and tropical island plants in the grass family.

Some species (particularly Cymbopogon citratus), are commonly cultivated as culinary and medicinal herbs because of their scent, resembling that of lemons (Citrus limon). Common names include lemon grass, lemongrass, barbed wire grass, silky heads, citronella grass, cha de Dartigalongue, fever grass, tanglad, hierba Luisa, or gavati chaha, amongst many others.

Lemongrass is widely used as a culinary herb in Asian cuisine and also as medicinal herb in India. It has a subtle citrus flavor and can be dried and powdered, or used fresh. It is commonly used in teas, soups, and curries. It is also suitable for use with poultry, fish, beef, and seafood. It is often used as a tea in African countries such as Togo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Latin American countries such as Mexico. Lemongrass oil is used as a pesticide and a preservative. Research shows that lemongrass oil has antifungal properties. Despite its ability to repel insects, its oil is commonly used as a "lure" to attract honey bees. "Lemongrass works conveniently as well as the pheromone created by the honeybee's Nasonov gland, also known as attractant pheromones. Because of this, lemongrass oil can be used as a lure when trapping swarms or attempting to draw the attention of hived bees.

Denomination is on right side. In center by words in English, Arabic (Hyderabad) and Sanskrit.

In top corners are denominations by numbers in Arabic (Hyderabad).

Hyderabad is the capital and largest city of the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

In lower corners are denominations in numerals in Gujarati language.

Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language native to the west Indian region of Gujarat. It is part of the greater Indo-European language family. Gujarati is descended from Old Gujarati (c. 1100-1500 AD), which is also the ancestor of modern Rajasthani. In India, it is the chief language in the state of Gujarat, as well as an official language in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Revers:

5 Shillings 1941

The Emblem of East Africa.

A walking lion, on the background is Mount Kenya.

According to Lakier, the lion is a symbol of strength, courage and generosity.

Alexander Borisovich Lakier (1825-1870) was a Russian historian of German descent who was interested in heraldry.

mount KenyaIt is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 meters (17,057 ft.)), Nelion (5,188 meters (17,021 ft.)) and Point Lenana (4,985 meters (16,355 ft.)). Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 kilometers (93 mi.) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya.

Comments:

By the beginning of XX century, when the colonial division of Africa between the European powers ended, the British authorities were faced with the need to introduce in the territory of the newly formed colonies of its own currency. Originally African possessions crowns were divided into three currency areas: British East Africa , West Africa and South Africa. The structure of British West Africa, created in 1907 included Gambia, Sierra-Leone, Nigeria and the Gold Coast (now Ghana).

In the British East Africa were included the territory of modern states such as Kenya, Uganda, Somalia and Tanzania (Tanganyika) and Zanzibar.