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1 Dollar 2001, Bahamas

in Krause book Number: 69
Years of issue: 2001
Edition: 35 260 571
Signatures: Governor: Mr. Julian W. Francis (1997 - 2005)
Serie: 1997 Issue
Specimen of: 1997
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 157 х 67
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Dollar 2001

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Spanish galleon "Santa Maria", the flagship of the first expedition of Columbus sailing on the sea the sun shone. Her foremast shows pennant Expedition (white with a green cross and the first letters of the names of the Spanish royal couple, sent an expedition - Ferdinand and Isabella), and on the main and mizzen-mast - then flag and pennant Spain lion of Leon and Castillo.

Denomination 1 is orange in UV.

Avers:

1 Dollar 2001

Lynden Oscar Pindling

Sir Lynden Oscar Pindling KCMG PC JP (22 March 1930 – 26 August 2000), is regarded as the "Father of the Nation" of the Bahamas, having led it to majority rule on 10 January 1967 and to independence on 10 July 1973. He served as the first black premier of the Colony of the Bahama Islands from 1967 to 1969 and as Prime Minister of the Bahamas from 1969 to 1992. He was leader of the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) from 1956 to 1997 when he resigned from public life under scandal.

Pindling won an unbroken string of general elections until 1992, when the PLP lost to the Free National Movement (FNM) led by Hubert Alexander Ingraham. He conceded defeat with the words: "the people of this great little democracy have spoken in a most dignified and eloquent manner (and) the voice of the people, is the voice of God".

Pindling was a member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, and he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1983.

Kyphosus sectatrix

On left side are two fish Kyphosus sectatrix (Bermuda sea chub) near the Acropora sp. coral.

Max length: 76 cm; max. published weight: 6 kg.

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12. Gray overall, with faint yellow lines on side and yellow line from corner of mouth to preopercle. Upper part pf opercular membrane blackish. The young may display pale spots nearly as large as eye on the head, body and fins. Each jaw with a regular row of close-set, strong, incisor-like, round-tipped teeth of a peculiar hockey stick-shape, their bases set horizontally, resembling a radially striated bony plate inside mouth.

Western Atlantic: Canada to Massachusetts, USA and Bermuda southward to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Eastern Atlantic: south of Morocco to Gulf of Guinea; St. Paul's Rocks, Ascension and St. Helena. Rarely found in the Mediterranean and off Madeira.

Inhabits shallow waters, over turtle grass, sand or rocky bottom and around coral reefs. Young commonly found among floating Sargassum seaweeds. Feeds on plants, mainly on benthic algae, as well as on small crabs and mollusks. Also feeds on spinner dolphins’ feces and vomits at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, southeast Atlantic. The offal feeding may be regarded as a simple behavioral shift from plankton feeding to drifting offal picking. (fishbase.org)

Mellita quinquiesperforataNearby is Bank of Bahamas logo.

It is Mellita quinquiesperforata or Keyhole Sand Dollar - a tropical species of sand dollar, a flat, round marine animal related to sea urchins, sea stars, and other echinoderms.

The selection of the sanddollar as the logo of the Central Bank was made by the first Governor, Mr. T. B. Donaldson, who, in addition to wanting something Bahamian, was "intrigued by the elegance and history" of this unusual specimen of marine life, of which an interesting legend exists. The markings on the shell of the sanddollar are said to symbolize the birth, crucifixion and resurrection of Christ".

On the background is a map of Bahamas.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words in center.

Revers:

1 Dollar 2001

Orchestra

The world famous Royal Bahamas Police Force Band has been, for a long time, a major cultural icon throughout the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The rhythmic beats and harmonic tones that the sharply dressed military musicians produce are crowd pleasers for local and international audiences.

The RBPF Band was formed in 1893 by Commandant F.C. Halkett. In his Annual Police Report for that year, Halkett informed the Bahamas' Assembly that he was "successful in forming certain members of the Force into a Band sufficiently creditable to be able to perform once a week for the amazement of the public, and which has become a public institution." The expenses incurred in its formation were defrayed entirely from money in the Reward Fund, without government or public expense. Halkett also noted that the group's practices or public performances did not hamper the discharge of their duties as police officers.

Old poster

Consisting of only twelve trained musicians (players) and two musicians at the beginner's level (learners), the Band performed at official functions as well as weekly concerts that were opened to the public. The Band would host concerts each Friday evening at the Garden of Remembrance, known then as the Library Green. During several performances and concerts exercises, civilian musicians assisted the Band, as the number of full time members was rather a small. These civilians were normally called upon to assist whenever the group had to attend a marching engagement. During the early 1900s, the growing necessity for the instruments resulted in Mr. Leon E.H. Dupuch, founder and editor of The Tribune, raised funds to obtain new instruments.

The Band was officially recorded and recognized as a full time division of the Force on September 3, 1958, under the command of Superintendent D.J. Morgan, as the Director of Music. Its members moved from Police Headquarters and operated from the Force's Oakes Field compound. (Royal Bahamas Police Force)

telephone card

The police band was featured on the Bahamas Telecommunications Company's pre-paid telephone calling card.

soldiers

The William Britains Company of the United Kingdom has long been famous for its toy soldiers cast in lead and painted by hand. The company has made countless toy soldiers and today they are highly sought after collector's items. While the Britains firm made toy-cast British soldiers such as the Royal Marines and Grenadier Guards, they also produced, in the 1950s, a limited set of the Bahamas Police Band in marching formation. These extremely rare pieces sell today for hundreds and sometimes thousands of dollars in the international collectibles market. (RBPF, Island of Bimini, Bahamas)

Coat Bahamas

The Coat of Arms of the Bahamas on the right.

It contains a shield with the national symbols as its focal point.

The escutcheon (shield) is supported by a marlin and flamingo. The crest on top of the helm (helmet) is a conch shell, which represents the varied marine life of the island chain. Below the helm is the escutcheon itself, whose main charge is a ship, reputed to represent the Santa Maria of Christopher Columbus. It is sailing beneath a sun in the chief. The animals supporting the shield are the national animals, and the national motto is found at the bottom. The flamingo is located upon land, and the marlin upon sea, indicating the geography of the islands.

The vibrant tinctures of the coat of arms are also intended to point to a bright future for the islands. They are also reputed to have been maintained for their attractiveness to tourists.

The Coat of Arms was approved by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II on 7 December 1971 for use by the Bahamian People and the Commonwealth of The Bahamas. It was designed by Bahamian artist and clergyman, Rev. Dr. Hervis L. Bain, Jr., who is also a Member of the Order of the British Empire.

Nearby is, again, the Bank of Bahamas logo.

Conch

In lower left corner is sea shell Lobatus gigas, commonly known as the queen conch, is a species of large edible sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family of true conches, the Strombidae. This species is one of the largest molluscs native to the tropical northwestern Atlantic, from Bermuda to Brazil, reaching up to 35.2 centimeters (13.9 in.) in shell length. L. gigas is closely related to the goliath conch, Lobatus goliath, a species endemic to Brazil, as well as the rooster conch, Lobatus gallus.

The queen conch is herbivorous and lives in seagrass beds, although its exact habitat varies by development stage. The adult animal has a very large, solid and heavy shell, with knob-like spines on the shoulder, a flared thick, outer lip and a characteristic pink-coloured aperture (opening). The flared lip is absent in younger specimens. The external anatomy of the soft parts of L. gigas is similar to that of other snails in its family; it has a long snout, two eyestalks with well-developed eyes, additional sensory tentacles, a strong foot and a corneous, sickle-shaped operculum.

The shell and soft parts of living L. gigas serve as a home to several different kinds of commensal animals, including slipper snails, porcelain crabs and cardinalfish. Its parasites include coccidians. The queen conch is hunted and eaten by several species of large predatory sea snails, and also by starfish, crustaceans and vertebrates (fish, sea turtles and humans). Its shell is sold as a souvenir and used as a decorative object. Historically, Native Americans and indigenous Caribbean peoples used parts of the shell to create various tools.

International trade in queen conch is regulated under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) agreement, in which it is listed as Strombus gigas. This species is not endangered in the Caribbean as a whole, but is commercially threatened in numerous areas, largely due to extreme overfishing.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners and on the right side. In words, lower, in center.

Comments:

The signature on banknote belongs to:

Mr. Julian W. Francis, CBE

Mr. Julian W. Francis, CBE.

Governor (February 1997-May 2005) Mr. Julian W. Francis was appointed to the post of Deputy Governor and member of the Bank's Board of Directors in 1993, following a successful banking career in Paris, France, and earlier in The Bahamas. Mr. Francis was appointed Governor of the Central Bank of The Bahamas on 1st February, 1997. In 2000, the honour of Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE) was conferred on him.