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1 Kwacha 1973. Birth of the Second Republic, 13.12.1972, Zambia

in Krause book Number: 16a
Years of issue: 1973
Edition: 8 999 992
Signatures: Governor: Mr. B.R. Kuwani (in office 1972 - 1976 and 1982 - 1984)
Serie: 1973 Issue
Specimen of: 1972
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 130 x 70
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

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1 Kwacha 1973. Birth of the Second Republic, 13.12.1972

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Kenneth David Kaunda.

Avers:

1 Kwacha 1973. Birth of the Second Republic, 13.12.1972

Kenneth David Kaunda

The engraving on banknote is made after the photo of Kenneth David Kaunda, made, approximately, between 1968 and 1970.

Kenneth David Kaunda (born 28 April 1924), also known as KK, served as the first President of Zambia, from 1964 to 1991. Kaunda is the youngest of eight children born to an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher. He followed his father's steps in becoming a teacher. He was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from European rule. Dissatisfied with Nkumbula's leadership of the African National Congress, he broke away and founded the Zambian African National Congress, later becoming the head of the United National Independence Party. He was the first President of the independent Zambia.

The Coat of arms of Zambia is on top.

coat Zambia

The coat of arms of Zambia was adopted on 24 October 1964 when the Republic of Zambia reached its independence. This coat of arms is adapted from the arms of the Colony of Northern Rhodesia which dates to 1927.

The eagle of liberty African Fish Eagle represents the conquest of freedom and nation's hope for the future.

The pick and hoe represent the country's economic backbone: agriculture and mining, as well as the characteristics that have influenced Zambia's evolution and nature. The shield is a representation of Victoria Falls with white water cascading over black rock. The Victoria Falls represents the Zambezi river, from which Zambia takes its name. The coat of arms also has emblems of Zambia's natural resources: minerals and mining, agriculture and wildlife.

The shield is supported by two figures which represent the common man and woman of the nation. The country's motto is "One Zambia, One Nation", which emphasizes the need for unity in a country of over 60 ethnic groups.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words centered.

Revers:

1 Kwacha 1973. Birth of the Second Republic, 13.12.1972

Commemorative banknote, issued to the Birth of the Second Republic, 13.12.1972.

signing document

On the left - presumably, president Kenneth David Kaunda signing the book or document (the constitution of the country) is shown.

Many thanks to the Asian & African Studies Reference Team of British library, in London, and, exactly, to Mr. Stewart Gillies for the copy of title list of Zambian newspaper, which he did on my request.

Centered is the population, during the celebration.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words on top, centered.

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