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100 Kronor 2005. 250th Anniversary of Tumba Paper Mill (Swedish banknote printer), Sweden

in Krause book Number: 68
Years of issue: 26.05.2005
Edition: 100 000
Signatures: Jan Bergqvist, Lars Heikensten
Serie: Commemorative issue
Specimen of: 2005
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 170 х 62
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Kronor 2005. 250th Anniversary of Tumba Paper Mill  (Swedish banknote printer)

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Crown and the lion from banknote 10 Riksdaler 1850, printed at Tumba Bruk.

Avers:

100 Kronor 2005. 250th Anniversary of Tumba Paper Mill  (Swedish banknote printer)

Moder Svea

On right side is the personification of Sweden, Mother Svea (design by Julius Kronberg, which was used on a series of banknotes 1890-1963). Printed, by the method Intaglio, in a dark green color, against a background of beige and gray-green color.

The inscription under the mother of Svea: "2005. 250 years of Tumba paper mill." (2005 Tumba Bruk 250 år).

Mother Svea or Mother Swea (Swedish: Moder Svea) is the female personification of Sweden and a patriotic emblem of the Swedish nation.

Mother Svea is normally depicted as a powerful female warrior, valkyrie or shieldmaiden, frequently holding a shield and standing beside a lion. In her hand is cornucopia.

Svea is a Swedish female personal name which derives from svea, an old plural genitive form meaning "of the Swedes" or the Swea. It appears in Svea rike, a translation of the old Swedish word Sverige, the Swedish name for Sweden.

The popular image is considered to have been created by Swedish writer, Anders Leijonstedt (1649-1725) when first introduced in his poem Svea Lycksaligheets Triumph (1672).

As a patriotic symbol, Moder Svea gained widespread popularity in Kunga Skald (1697), written by Swedish poet Gunno Eurelius (1661-1709) in honor of King Charles XI of Sweden. Eurelius was later ennobled with the name of "Dahlstjerna".

Mother Svea appeared frequently as a national symbol in XIX-century Swedish literature and culture. She appeared on various Swedish banknotes for over seventy years.

microtext

At the bottom is an microtext: "Then som thenne Sedel efterapar skal warda hängd; Men then, som bewisligen uptäcker efteraparen, skal undfå Fyratio Tusende Daler kopparmynt Præmium, enligit Kongl. Maj:ts Nådige Kungörelse af then 20 Decembris 1754."

In English: "Anyone who counterfeits this note shall be hanged; but anyone who demonstrably discovers a counterfeiter shall receive forty thousand dalers in premium copper coins, according to proclamation by His Royal Majesty on the 20th of December 1754."

On right side, vertically, is also the microtext: "SWERIGES RIKES STÄNDERS BANK".

To the left of the center is a metallized thread, which contains a denomination of 100 and a small state emblem of Sweden.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners and centered. On top in words.

Revers:

100 Kronor 2005. 250th Anniversary of Tumba Paper Mill  (Swedish banknote printer)

Encyclopédie Encyclopédie Encyclopédie

In lower part of the banknote are two images from the French encyclopedia by Denis Diderot (Denis Diderot's French encyclopaedia), 1751-1780. They show the process of producing paper. These images were taken from the sixth volume of the encyclopedia, from the section "Papetterie" (Stationery and Writing Goods).

Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers (Encyclopaedia, or a Systematic Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts, and Crafts) was a general encyclopedia published in France between 1751 and 1772, with later supplements, revised editions, and translations. It had many writers, known as the Encyclopédistes. It was edited by Denis Diderot and, until 1759, co-edited by Jean le Rond d'Alembert.

The Encyclopédie is most famous for representing the thought of the Enlightenment. According to Denis Diderot in the article "Encyclopédie", the Encyclopédie's aim was "to change the way people think". He and the other contributors advocated for the secularization of learning away from the Jesuits. Diderot wanted to incorporate all of the world's knowledge into the Encyclopédie and hoped that the text could disseminate all this information to the public and future generations. It was also the first encyclopedia to include contributions from many named contributors, and it was the first general encyclopedia to describe the mechanical arts. (gallica.bnf.fr)

map

In top part of the banknote is the map (plan) of Tumba village and Tumba Paper Mill, 1804. Today this map is in Tumba Bruk Museum, in Tumba.

Tumba Bruk is the printing company responsible for manufacturing of the Swedish krona banknotes. The company was founded by Sveriges Riksbank in 1755 to produce banknotes, making it the world's oldest factory of its kind.

What makes Tumba different from the communities in northern Botkyrka is that it doesn’t stem from a big farm with roots way back in time. The people of prehistory preferred to live close to the shores. Tumba was an inland country. That’s why traces of man during prehistory are relatively rare. The big change took place during 1755 when the bank of Sweden bought a small farm and started a papermill. Around the papermill came a community that developed with its own school and houses for the workers to live in. The next big step was taken when the railroad came in 1860. Soon afterwards a society started to grow around the stationhouse. This society had commerce, police, and a movie theatre. A few houses from that period are still left. In 1894 ‘Separator’ (DeLaval) bought Hamra Gard and transformed it into a farm specialized in milkprocessing. It soon became a big industry. From the beginning these three parts were separate but grew together. The communities of both the papermill and Hamra are well kept.

microtext

Minitext that can be read with the aid of a magnifying glass. The text, based on a decision by the Riksbank council in 1755, announces that the bank intends to found a paper mill in Tumba: "Den 14 juni 1755 beslutade fullmäktige att hos Kungl. Maj:t söka tillstånd att vid Tumba anlägga ett pappersbruk för bankens räkning, där till erhållande af nya och till efterapande svårare formulärer för de nu brukliga bankotransportsedlarna skulle tillverkas ett eget, med vissa ifrån allt annat papper särskilde, och till kompositionen ej lätteligen utrönta kännetecken utmärkt papper, med vilkets förfärdigande skall fordras en noga förvarad hemlighet."

In English: "On the 14th June 1755, the Riksbank Council decided to apply for permission from His Royal Majesty for the Riksbank to found a paper mill at Tumba where the manufacture of new and more difficult to counterfeit forms for the now common bank transport bills would be carried out on the bank’s own, special paper with a composition that could not easily be copied and would remain a closely guarded secret."

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. On top in words.

Comments:

Designers: Hannu Järviö and Karin Mörck-Hamilton.

Engravers: Gunnar Nehls (mother Svea), Agnes Miski-Török (reverse) and Martin Mörck (reverse).

Depending on the angle of view on the banknote, along the entire length, one can observe either the number 100 or the royal crown of Sweden.

banknote banknote banknote

How the commemorative folder of 100 Kronor 2005 looks like.