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1 Ruble 1938, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

in Krause book Number: 213a
Years of issue: 1938
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1938 Issue
Specimen of: 1936
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 126 х 60
Printer: Гознак, Московская печатная фабрика, филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Ruble 1938




1 Ruble 1938

Rectangular patterned frame, with the date "1938" at the bottom and a two-line inscription "STATE TREASURY BILL OF THE USSR" at the top. In the lower left is a large guilloche rosette with the number "1", in the two corners on the right are the same rosettes, but smaller.

The interior is filled with an orange background with a large outlet in the middle, in which the figure "1" is located. On top of the background in handwritten type the denomination is quoted: "One ruble", below it is a small text: "STATE TREASURES TICKETS ARE PROVIDED BY ALL UNION OF THE SOVIET UNION AND MANDATORY TO RECEIVE IN THE WHOLE TERRITORY OF THE USSR IN ALL PAYMENTS FOR ALL INSTITUTIONS, ENTERPRISES AND PERSONS ON NEGATIVE VALUE." . Below and above the face value on the right are the series and number of the note.


In the upper left corner is the coat of arms of the USSR, the model of 1936 (11 bands, according to the number of union republics).

At that time, the USSR had 11 republics - the RSFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, the Byelorussian SSR, the Georgian SSR, the Armenian SSR, the Azerbaijani SSR, the Uzbek SSR, the Turkmen SSR, the Tajik SSR, the Kazakh SSR, the Kirghiz SSR.

The State Emblem of the Soviet Union (Государственный герб Советского Союза, Gosudarstvenny gerb Sovetskogo Soyuza) was adopted in 1923 and was used until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Although it technically is an emblem rather than a coat of arms, since it does not follow heraldic rules, in Russian it is called герб (gerb), the word used for a traditional coat of arms.

The state emblem shows the traditional Soviet emblems of the Hammer and Sickle and the Red Star over a globe, and two wreaths of covered by the ("Workers of the world, unite!") in the official languages of the Soviet Republics, in the reverse order they were mentioned in the Soviet Constitution.

stahanov stahanov

In the right part is an engraving depicting a miner with a jackhammer.

Here is information that, as I think, has to do with the image of a miner on a banknote:

Alexsei Grigoryevich Stakhanov (Russian: Алексе́й Григо́рьевич Стаха́нов; 3 January 1906 – 5 November 1977) was a miner in the Soviet Union, Hero of Socialist Labor (1970), and a member of the CPSU (1936). He became a celebrity in 1935 as part of what became known as the Stakhanovite movement – a campaign intended to increase worker productivity and to demonstrate the superiority of the socialist economic system.

In Soviet history and iconography, a Stakhanovite (Russian: стахановец) was a diligent and enthusiastic worker who followed the example of Aleksei Grigorievich Stakhanov, employing hard work or Taylorist efficiencies to overachieve at work. Such a worker exhibited socialist emulation of model workers and was, or aspired to be, a shock worker.


1 Ruble 1938

A rectangle made up of numerous colored wavy lines, in the corners, diagonally, are the digit "1". In the middle, over the two guilloche rosettes, there is an octagon with the inscription "ONE RUBLE", on each side, as well as on top and bottom, the denomination is repeated in ten other major languages of the USSR at that time: Ukrainian, Belarusian, Georgian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Uzbek, Turkmen, Tajik, Kazakh and Kyrgyz.


The banknote was introduced in 1938, the old issues were not canceled. They remained in circulation until the reform of 1947. Design developed by I.I. Dubasov - the author of most Soviet banknotes.