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100 Kronor 2000, Sweden

in Krause book Number: 57b
Years of issue: 2000
Signatures: Sven Hulterström, Urban Bäckström
Serie: 1985 - 1989 Issue
Specimen of: 1986
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 х 72
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Kronor 2000




Carl Linnaeus.


100 Kronor 2000

The main motif on the face of the 100-krona note is one of our country's most well known historical figures, the naturalist Carl von Linné (Linnaeus).

Carl Linnaeus

The portrait is engraved after the painting by the Swedish artist of XVIII century - Alexander Roslin, made in 1775.

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 - 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of pre phylogenetic taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology. Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné).

Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University, and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. In the 1750s and '60s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, and published several volumes. At the time of his death, he was one of the most acclaimed scientists in Europe.

The Swiss philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau sent him the message: "Tell him I know no greater man on earth." The German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly." Swedish author August Strindberg wrote: "Linnaeus was in reality a poet who happened to become a naturalist". Among other compliments, Linnaeus has been called Princeps botanicorum (Prince of Botanists), "The Pliny of the North," and "The Second Adam".

In botany, the author abbreviation used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for species' names is L. In older publications, sometimes the abbreviation "Linn." is found (for instance in: Cheeseman, T.F. (1906) - Manual of the New Zealand Flora). Linnaeus' remains comprise the type specimen for the species Homo sapiens, following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, since the sole specimen he is known to have examined when writing the species description was himself.

Carl von Linné created the system for the classification of plants and animals into different species and families that still comprises the basis for natural sciences research.

Carl Linnaeus

On the face of the note there is also a drawing of pollinating plants taken from Linné's early work "Præludia Sponsaliarum Plantarum" from 1729. Linné realized that study of the reproduction of plants was essential to gain a real knowledge of them.

Carl Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus

The Hortus Upsaliensis (University Garden) in the mid 1740's after the changes made by Carl Hårleman and Linnaeus. Illustration from Linnaeus’ thesis "Hortus Upsaliensis" 1745.

Behind the drawing can be seen a sketch of the botanical gardens in Uppsala, where Linné was director, and which is now known as the Linné garden.

The Linnaean Garden or Linnaeus' Garden (Swedish: Linnéträdgården) is the oldest of the botanical gardens belonging to Uppsala University in Sweden. It has been restored and is kept as an XVIII-century botanical garden, according to the specifications of Carl Linnaeus.

The garden was originally planned and planted by Olaus Rudbeck, professor of medicine, in 1655. Rudbeck also built the house adjacent to the garden. At the end of the 17th century it had about 1,800 different species, but was damaged in the Uppsala city fire 1702. Linnaeus became responsible for the garden in 1741 and had it rearranged according to his own ideas, documented in his work Hortus Upsaliensis (1748).

After the gardens of Uppsala Castle had been donated to the university by King Gustav III to serve as a new botanical garden, the old one was left to decay. It was bought by the Swedish Linnaean Society in 1917 and restored according to the detailed description in the Hortus Upsaliensis. The garden was later taken over by the university, while the Linnaean Museum in the house in which Linnaeus had his home is still run by the Society. It is now one of two satellite gardens of the larger University of Uppsala Botanic Garden near Uppsala Castle. The second satellite is Linnaeus Hammarby, the former summer home of Linnaeus and his family.

To the right of Linné's portrait is his motto in very small text: "OMNIA MIRARI ETIAM TRITISSIMA" (Find wonder in all things, even the most commonplace).

Carl Linnaeus

As I was informed from the Royal Bank of Sweden, the three images in the center of the obverse are also taken from the first dissertation by Carl Linnaeus, 1729, Priludia Sponsaliarum Plantarum.

More about this:

Top, left - Here, Linnaeus wanted to show the different parts of a flower. An outer wreath of petals and on top of these three petals. A curved pistil that from a swollen base tapers towards the mark at the far end. The three stands with their narrow strings and buttons are gathered at the mark.

Top, right - Linnaeus had an egg on his coat of arms, as he believed that all forms of life begin with an egg. Here you see an egg in cross section with the yolk in the middle and the air bladder at the top.

Lower - Here a seed is compared to the egg. In cross-section, we see the seed white "M" is likened to the egg yolk and to the "H" point of life or embryo.

Carl Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus

Right of the portrait - The handwritten words are taken from the first page of Linnaeus' first academic dissertation. You glimpse (Ca) roli Linnæi and Præludia (Sp) onsalio (rum) (Pl) antarum Upsal 1729. It is from the same writing that the picture of the forest bingle, the flower, the egg and the seed is taken.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. In words at the top.


100 Kronor 2000

Carl Linnaeus

The motif on the reverse of the banknote illustrates the further development of Linné's work - he, himself, never realized the role played by the bee in pollinating a flower. All of the motifs are taken from pictures by photographer Lennart Nilsson, who is internationally renowned for his technologically advanced photography. The most prominent motif is a drawing of a bee, pollinating a flower of wood cranesbill (Geránium sylváticum). However, there are also pictures from the fertilization of flowers: pollen grains, the lobes of a stigma and the result, a germ.

One of the motifs is a reconstruction of how a flower looks through the multifaceted eye of a bee.

Carl Linnaeus

Geranium sylvaticum (wood cranesbill, woodland geranium) is a species of hardy flowering plant in the Geraniaceae family, native to Europe and northern Turkey.

The Latin specific epithet sylvaticum means "of woodland", referring to the plant's native habitat, as does its common name "wood cranesbill".

It growing to 75 cm. (30 in.) tall by 60 cm. (24 in.) wide, it is a mound-forming herbaceous perennial with deeply cut and toothed 7-lobed basal leaves. In summer, flowers are borne on stalks with ruffs of leaves. The flower colour ranges from mauve to sky blue, depending on soil conditions. It has 10 stamens and glandular-hairy fruits.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In words at the top.


You can see from the banknote number which year the note was printed. The first figure is the same as the last figure in the year of printing. The second and third figures show the decade the note was printed, in accordance with a special code.