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100 Mark 1918. IV Issue. Series II. Letter L, Germany

in Krause book Number: 34
Years of issue: 1918 - 1922
Edition:
Signatures: Reichsbankdirektorium: Havenestein, v. Glasenapp, Frommer, Schmiedicke, Korn, Maron, v. Lumm, v. Grimm, Kauffmann
Serie: 1908 issue
Specimen of: 07.02.1908
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 160 x 105
Printer: Reichsdruckerei, Kreuzberger Oranienstraße 91, Berlin (from 06.07.1879 till 03.02.1945)

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Mark 1918. IV Issue. Series II. Letter L

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Two denomination 100 and Letter of the Serie are on top. At the bottom - letters "R.B.D" (Reichsbanknote Deutschland - Imperial German banknote).

Avers:

100 Mark 1918. IV Issue. Series II. Letter L

2 green seals of the Bank are in lower and top right corners (please, read Comments).

Centered, on background is The state emblem of the German Empire. Above the coat of arms is the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire.

Extract from the state decree:

"In accordance with the decision of the Imperial Government, I hereby confirm that the federal emblem represents in the golden field of the one-headed black eagle looking to the right, with straightened wings, but with feathers folded, beak, tongue and paws - red."

crown

The Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire (German: Reichskrone) was the hoop crown (German: Bügelkrone) of the Holy Roman Emperor from the XI century to the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. The crown was used in the coronation of the King of the Romans, the title assumed by the Emperor-elect immediately after his election. It was made in the late X or early XI century. Unlike many other crowns, it has an octagonal rather than a circular shape, and is constructed from eight hinged plates. The plate in the front of the crown is surmounted by a cross, with a single arch linking it to a plate at the rear of the crown. The crown is now exhibited at the Hofburg in Vienna.

The crown was made probably somewhere in Western Germany, either under Otto I (with additions by Conrad II), by Conrad II or Conrad III during the late 10th and early 11th centuries. The first preserved mention of it is from the XII century—assuming it is the same crown, which seems very probable.

Most of the Kings of the Romans of the Holy Roman Empire were crowned with it. Along with the Imperial Cross (German: Reichskreuz), the Imperial Sword (German: Reichsschwert), and the Holy Lance (German: Heilige Lanze), the crown was the most important part of the Imperial Regalia (German: Reichskleinodien). During the coronation, it was given to the new king along with the sceptre (German: Reichszepter) and the Imperial Orb (German: Reichsapfel). The Imperial Regalia of the Holy Roman Empire, especially the Imperial Crown, were kept from 1349-1421 in Bohemia (now in the Czech Republic), where the Carlstein Castle was built to protect them. Between 1424-1796 they were all kept in Nuremberg, Franconia - and could only leave the city for the coronation.

Currently, the crown and the rest of the Imperial Regalia are exhibited at the Hofburg in Vienna—officially "until there is again a Holy Roman Emperor of the German Nation".

An identical copy is in Aachen in Germany in the Krönungssaal of Charlemagne's former palace, now the town hall. There are also copies of the crown and regalia in the historic museum of Frankfurt, as most of the later Emperors were crowned in the cathedral of the city, as well in the fortress of Trifels in the Electorate of the Palatinate, where the Imperial Crown was stored in medieval times. The newest authorised copy is kept in the Czech castle of Karlštejn along with a copy of the Crown of Saint Wenceslas.

In lower left corner is the inscriptions: "Wer Banknoten nachmacht oder verfälscht, oder nachgemachte oder verfälschte sich verschafft und in Verkehr bringt, wird mit Zuchthaus nicht unter zwei Jahren bestraft."

In English:

"Anyone who imitates or distorts banknotes, or imitates or falsifies himself and puts them on the market, will be punished in a official house not less than two years."

Also, centered, is the inscription: "100 marks will be paid by the Reichsbank, in Berlin, without showing any identity card, to the bearer of this note. Berlin, February 7, 1908"

Revers:

100 Mark 1918. IV Issue. Series II. Letter L

In patterned frame, centered, is Goddess Freyja.

In Norse mythology, Freyja (/ˈfreɪə/; Old Norse for "(the) Lady") is a goddess associated with love, sex, beauty, fertility, gold, seiðr, war, and death. Freyja is the owner of the necklace Brísingamen, rides a chariot pulled by two cats, keeps the boar Hildisvíni by her side, possesses a cloak of falcon feathers, and, by her husband Óðr, is the mother of two daughters, Hnoss and Gersemi. Along with her brother Freyr (Old Norse "(the) Lord"), her father Njörðr, and her mother (Njörðr's sister, unnamed in sources), she is a member of the Vanir. Stemming from Old Norse Freyja, modern forms of the name include Freya, Freyia, and Freja.

Freyja rules over her heavenly afterlife field Fólkvangr and there receives half of those that die in battle, whereas the other half go to the god Odin's hall, Valhalla. Within Fólkvangr is her hall, Sessrúmnir. Freyja assists other deities by allowing them to use her feathered cloak, is invoked in matters of fertility and love, and is frequently sought after by powerful jötnar who wish to make her their wife. Freyja's husband, the god Óðr, is frequently absent. She cries tears of red gold for him, and searches for him under assumed names. Freyja has numerous names, including Gefn, Hörn, Mardöll, Sýr, Valfreyja, and Vanadís.

Freyja is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the XIII century from earlier traditional sources; in the Prose Edda and Heimskringla, composed by Snorri Sturluson in the XIII century; in several Sagas of Icelanders; in the short story Sörla þáttr; in the poetry of skalds; and into the modern age in Scandinavian folklore.

Scholars have debated whether Freyja and the goddess Frigg ultimately stem from a single goddess common among the Germanic peoples; connected her connection to the valkyries, female battlefield choosers of the slain; and analyzed her relation to other goddesses and figures in Germanic mythology, including the thrice-burnt and thrice-reborn Gullveig/Heiðr, the goddesses Gefjon, Skaði, Þorgerðr Hölgabrúðr and Irpa, Menglöð, and the I century CE "Isis" of the Suebi. Freyja's name appears in numerous place names in Scandinavia, with a high concentration in southern Sweden. Various plants in Scandinavia once bore her name, but it was replaced with the name of the Virgin Mary during the process of Christianization. Rural Scandinavians continued to acknowledge Freyja as a supernatural figure into the 19th century, and Freyja has inspired various works of art.

On right side is the allegory of Agriculture. Nearby are: wheat, fruits and vegetables.

On left side - the allegory of Industry. Near is the hammer.

Denominations are in top corners.

Comments:

Banknotes of the first and second issues were printed with two red and green seals.

Red seals - meant free exchange for gold.

Green seals - not covered by gold.