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20000 Mark 1923. Second Issue, Germany

in Krause book Number: 85b
Years of issue: 01.07.1923
Signatures: Reichsbankdirektorium: Havenestein, v. Glasenapp, Budczies, Bernhard, Seiffert, Vocke, v. Grimm, Kauffmann, Schneider, Friedrich, Fuchs, P.Schneider
Serie: 1922 - 1923 Issue
Specimen of: 20.02.1923
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 160 x 95
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20000 Mark 1923. Second Issue




On these banknotes of Second Issue is watermark - Z- und Sternmuster mit G und D, which consist of straight lines, forming letter "Z" and hexagonal stars, in there are repeatedly, light on dark background, letters "G" and "D" - stands for company "Giesecke & Devrient" (printer).

Source: Announcement of Reichsbank from 27 September 1922.


Z-, stars, G and D inside.


20000 Mark 1923. Second Issue

On left side, vertically, is text: "Wer Banknoten nachmacht oder verfälscht, oder nachgemachte oder verfälschte sich verschafft und in Verkehr bringt, wird mit Zuchthaus nicht unter zwei Jahren bestraft."

In English:

"Anyone who imitates or distorts banknotes, or imitates or falsifies and puts them on the market, shall be punished with prison not less than two years."

In the center, the text says that, from July 1, 1923, this banknote can be withdrawn from circulation as depreciated by exchange for other legal tender and, then, finally withdrawn.

Denominations in numerals are repeated 5 times, in words - centered.


20000 Mark 1923. Second Issue

Rosette with pattern and denomination.



Paper with this watermark was originally produced by the fine paper manufacturer "Felix Schoeller & Bausch" of Neu Kaliss for "Giesecke & Devrient". After the use of the pattern in the production of Reichsbanknoten, it was produced by a large number of other companies and was no longer used by "Giesecke & Devrient".