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10 Rials 2010 , Oman

in Krause book Number: 45
Years of issue: 02.2010
Signatures: Sultan of Oman: Sultan Qaboos bin Said
Serie: 40th National Day 1970-2010
Specimen of: 2010
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 160 х 76
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Muenchen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Rials 2010




The Sultan of Oman Qaboos bin Said Al Said and denomination 10.


10 Rials 2010

Qaboos bin Said Al Said Qaboos bin Said Al Said

Qaboos bin Said Al Said ( قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد‎, born 18 November 1940, Salalah, Oman, dies 10 January 2020) was the Sultan of Oman and its Dependencies. He rose to power after overthrowing his father, Said bin Taimur, in a palace coup in 1970. He is the 14th-generation descendant of the founder of the Al Bu Sa'idi dynasty.

By combining the Imamat of Oman and the Muscat Sultanate in a single state, the Sultan then, with the support of Great Britain and Shah's Iran, managed to defeat the insurgency in Dhofar. In November 1996, Sultan Qaboos signed the first Basic Law (Constitution) of Oman.

clock tower clock tower

Centered is Salalah clock tower.

Clock Tower Salalah is an icon of the second largest city of Sultanate of Oman. It is known as Burj An Nahdah (Burj An Nahda) in local language.

Salalah doesn’t have any skyscraper. In the absence of an skyscrapers, this Tower has more significance. It is one of the best landmarks to represent Salalah.

In day, the tower looks awesome and due to good lighting, the tower looks stunning during night as well.

Clock Tower is located on a Round About (known as Burj An-Nahda Round About due to this Tower). This Round About is around two famous roads of Salalah Ar-Rubat Street and Al-Matar Street.

Salalah (Arabic: صلالة‎‎ transliterated Ṣalālah), is the capital and seat of the wali (governor) of the southern Omani province of Dhofar.

Salalah is the second largest city in the Sultanate of Oman, and the largest city in the Dhofar Province. Salalah is the birthplace of the current sultan, Qaboos bin Said. Salalah attracts lots of people from other parts of Oman and the Persian Gulf region during the khareef season, which spans from July to September. The climate of the region and the monsoon allows the city to grow some vegetables and fruits like coconut.

Near coconut palm are 2 parts of the image (the other 2 parts on the reverse). When viewing a banknote, the images merges into the crown.

emblem of Oman

In top right corner is the national emblem of Oman (شعار سلطنة عمان‎). It is an insignia consisting of a khanjar inside its sheath that is superimposed upon two crossed swords. Adopted in the XVIII century as the badge of the Omani royal family, it subsequently became the national emblem of the Sultanate of Oman. The emblem is featured at the canton on the Flag of Oman.

The national emblem was first designed in the mid-18th century, when it was adopted as the royal crest of the Al Said dynasty. Its usage was expanded when it subsequently became the national emblem of the sultanate. This occurred during the reign of either Faisal bin Turki (1888-1913) or Taimur bin Feisal (1913-1932). The emblem was later incorporated onto the canton of the country's national flag in 1970. Moreover, in order to distinguish "directly royal entities" and create a distinct symbol for these organizations, a crown was added to the top of the national emblem. This modified insignia is utilized on the badges of all branches of Sultan's Armed Forces, including the Royal Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Guard, and Royal Oman Police - among many others.

According to the Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the khanjar - along with the two crossed swords - symbolize the historic weapons utilized by the people of Oman. They are attached together by an embellished horse-bit at the center. The khanjar itself is a national symbol of the sultanate, and is still worn by Omani men as a "ceremonial dagger" for formal occasions. It is a ceremonial dagger with its abundantly decorated sheath, traditionally made of rhinonoceros-horn, highly appreciated in the arab world and for that reason contributes substantially to the extinction of the rhinoceros in Africa.

central bank

Varifeye thread and windowed security thread with demetallized "10 RIALS". In big hologram window is the Central Bank of Oman headquarters building, in Muscat.

incense burner incense burner

In lower left corner is the Omani incense burner.

After coffee has been served rosewater is sprinkled over the hands and sometimes over the heads of guests. Then incense is carried around, and its smoke is wafted into the beard and over the body. In the harem the women often put the burner under their clothing so that the aroma pervades the whole body for some time. Incense is the sign for departure as the Omani proverb shows: After the incense, there is no sitting on.

Precious aromatic resin - incense - for many millennia was the only source of income for the inhabitants of settlements lost in the desert. The southern part of the desert, stretching across the entire Arabian peninsula, borders on the Omani province of Dhofar. It is here on the stony high-mountain plateau that the trees covered with legends grow.

Even in ancient times, the south-western region of the state of Oman - Dhofar was known as an important center for trading incense. As the legend says, one of the three kings who made the pilgrimage to the places where Jesus spent his infancy, and carried incense, went just from Dhofar. Today, when incense is not used so widely, there are only a few places in the world where it can still be found, for example in Yemen and Oman.

The incense obtained in Dhofar was called "Sakhalit" by the name of the bay. Probably, it was either the Omani or the Gulf of Aden. Because of the large number of fogs in this area, there is a legend that incense is a dew falling on trees. In fact, in Dhofar incense is extracted in this way: on the incense tree, the notches are made at the end of March (the month "kand"). In the subsequent after this rainy season, the juice, similar to milk, rises along the trunk and flows out of the notches. Arabs call incense only "tears of the gods." Three or four weeks he dries on the trunks of trees, then comes the time of harvest. From one tree they gather up to 400 grams of incense. Local residents believe that smoking drives them out of the devil. Previously, all the Bedouins of the village lived at the expense of incense. Today only old people know where trees grow and how to handle them.

In ancient times, incense was for Omanis what oil is today, the most important export commodity and source of well-being. Caravans of camels went from Oman to the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. From here merchants carried fragrant resin to Europe. Trade in incense has long played no such important role as in the old days, but on the plateau of Dhofar, still over 300,000 trees are crying with divine tears. In the market of incense in port cities, which only is not present - incense, sandalwood, myrrh and rose oils. Sultry air is impregnated with tart and sometimes lusciously sweet fumes. In Oman, according to tradition, the residents are already lighting incense sticks early in the morning. They believe that their clothes, their homes and themselves should smell nice. Although sometimes all of this starts to make you dizzy ...


Keft of Sultan is the Coconut palm (Cōcos nucifēra).

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family).

It is the only accepted species in the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. The spelling cocoanut is an archaic form of the word. The term is derived from the XIV century Portuguese and Spanish word coco meaning "head" or "skull", from the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features.

The coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many uses of its different parts and found throughout the tropics and subtropics. Coconuts are part of the daily diets of many people. Coconuts are different from any other fruits because they contain a large quantity of "water" and when immature they are known as tender-nuts or jelly-nuts and may be harvested for drinking. When mature, they still contain some water and can be used as seednuts or processed to give oil from the kernel, charcoal from the hard shell and coir from the fibrous husk. The endosperm is initially in its nuclear phase suspended within the coconut water. As development continues, cellular layers of endosperm deposit along the walls of the coconut, becoming the edible coconut "flesh". When dried, the coconut flesh is called copra. The oil and milk derived from it are commonly used in cooking and frying; coconut oil is also widely used in soaps and cosmetics. The clear liquid coconut water within is potable. The husks and leaves can be used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decorating. The coconut also has cultural and religious significance in many societies that use it.

Boswellia sacra

Right of Sultan is the Frankincense or olibanum-tree (Boswellia sacra).

What really can not be denied, resting in Salal, is from visiting the famous Incense road, which glorified this city to the whole world. The incense tree is deservedly considered one of the main treasures of Oman. Annually about 1,500 tons of incense juice is produced. In the old days, his frozen lumps were worth their weight in gold. Today, the place of extraction of incense (for example, the ancient settlement of Ubar) is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.

The incense tree is a source of the region's wealth in antiquity. At the time of the Queen of Sheba and before our era Oman was the richest state of the then world through the sale of incense - the resin of a tree. The incense tree grows only in the territory of southern Oman, Yemen and Ethiopia (which was then one state); They say no one could grow it in other places, even in a greenhouse. And to this day the incense tree is a symbol of southern Oman, is present in a variety of souvenir images.

Denominations are in three corners, in words centered.


10 Rials 2010


Commemorative issue. It was made to commemorate the 40th National Day.

18 of November is the National day of Oman, as well as birthday of Sultan Qaboos. The National Day Is celebrated every year in honor of His Majesty's accession to the throne, in 1970.

Thats why on banknote is commemorative logo of 40th National Day.

On edges of central picture are acanthus leaves.

Central image - the view at Muttrah fort and Muttrah-Corniche.

And now more exactly about everything:

Muttrah Muttrah

Muttrah (sometimes his name is Old Muscat) - once a separate town near Muscat, and today - one of the most interesting from the tourist point of view of the city districts.

First, there is a famous market, where buyers from all over Oman come and tourists from almost all over the world.

Secondly, in spite of the fact that Muttrah is actually the main port of the district, the atmosphere of the fishing village is preserved here: in particular, in the market, where the daily catch is taken early in the morning.

Thirdly, here is Muttrah-Corniche, one of the most attractive places in the city for walking and the most tourist part of Muttrah.

Corniche is a long and rather winding street along the coast, modern and beautifully decorated with fountains, street lamps and white pavements. The best time to visit is sunset and later hours. When the sun sets, and its rays flash distant mountains, the Corniche begins to gather people walking. And in the night light of lanterns and headlights, the animated Cornish looks even better.

On Corniche, tourists are waited by wide sidewalks, set of shady sites, an abundance of objects of a street art and fine kinds on the market. It is located on the opposite side of the sea, as are several mosques and several hotels. In addition, from Corniche you can admire the beautiful blue dome and the minaret of the Al-Lavatiya Mosque, as well as the Riyam Park. The central photographing object of the Corniche itself is a gazebo with a semicircular golden vault.

Corniche is a road along the cut edge of the rock, which runs around it, walking along the sea. In the case of the Muttrah-Corniche, it is a seaside promenade. It starts from the Muttrah fish market and goes from north to south, past a large Portuguese fort of the XVI century, the oldest in Oman, and then to the east, rounding the bay.


Above Muttrah-Corniche is Fort Muttrah.

This enchanting XVI-century fort (it was built by Portuguese in 1580) was erected by the Portuguese during their period of supremacy and by the looks of it seems it was the only link connecting Muscat and Muttrah then. The fort was mainly used for military purposes and was even used as a detention center for confining prisoners. The monument features three circular towers- one sits on the summit and among the remaining two, one is perched at the western end, and the other is housed towards the northern part of the large tower. The Fort restores a watch tower that offers magnificent views of the harbor and city. Public access to the fort is prohibited, although visitors are allowed to scale the edge of the monument to enjoy the panoramic view of the surrounding area. From the flank of the fort, lunge your soul in the splendorous sea view; inhale the fragrant breeze that is sure to transport you to the Portuguese era, with memories of ships that once sailed these cerulean waves. (

Denominations in numerals are repeated 3 times. In words at the bottom.