header Notes Collection

5000 Won 2006, South Korea

in Krause book Number: 55a
Years of issue: 02.01.2006
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 2006 - 2007 Series
Specimen of: 02.01.2006
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 142 x 68
Printer: Korea Minting and Security Printing Corporation, Gajeong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5000 Won 2006




The portrait of Yulgok Yi-I and Electrotype "5000". Three bright horizontal stripes in the center of the banknote.


5000 Won 2006

Yi I (December 26, 1536 - 1584) was one of the two most prominent Korean Confucian scholars of the Joseon Dynasty, the other being his older contemporary, Yi Hwang (Toegye). Yi I is often referred to by his pen name Yulgok ("Chestnut valley"). He is not only known as a scholar, but also as a revered politician and reformer. He was academical successor of Jo Gwang-jo. Yi I was not only known as a philosopher but also as a social reformer. He did not completely agree with the dualistic Neo-Confucianism teachings followed by Yi Hwang. His school of Neo-Confucianism placed emphasis on the more concrete, material elements; rather than inner spiritual perception, this practical and pragmatic approach valued external experience and learning. Unlike Yi Hwang, who suffered through tumultous times and did not enjoy being in politics, Yi I was an active official who thought it important to implement Confucian values and principles to government administration. He emphasized sage learning and self-cultivation as the base of proper administration.

Yi I is also well known for his foresight about national security. He proposed to draft and reinforce the army against a possible Japanese attack. His proposal was rejected by the central government, his worry was found to be well-founded soon after his death, during the Imjin war.


On background is the ancient shrine and Korea's oldest residential

building Ojukheon in Gangneung, which houses the Yulgok Memorial Hall, Mongryoungsil (Mongnyongsil), the birth place of Yul Gok.

This is one of Korea's oldest houses. It was built by Chiyun during the period of King Jungjong (1506-1544). Yi I (Yulgok) was born in this house and lived there with his mother. The name Ojukheon went from the set of black bamboo trees surrounding the house-museum.

The museum arose as a result of the merger of two museums. Familiar visitors with the life of people who lived during the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). Located in one of the oldest houses of the era, preserved to this day.

In one of the rooms of the house was born the nobleman Yulgok (1536-1584). According to legend, shortly before the birth of his son, his mother saw a dragon in her dream. Every year the museum hosts a festival dedicated to Yulgok. The museum exhibits materials relating to the history, culture, folklore of the eastern regions of Korea. In addition, there are exhibits - objects of cultural heritage of the region. In one of the halls of the museum you can see a portrait of Yulgok as well as objects of fine art created by Yulgok himself or his family members. In the museum halls and in the open-air exhibition visitors can get acquainted with ceramics, paintings, sculptures, samples of Buddhist painting. To see everyday objects of the Joseon era.

Phyllostachys nigra

Also, on background, is Phyllostachys nigra, common name black bamboo. It is a species of flowering plant in the bamboo subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, native to Hunan Province of China, and widely cultivated elsewhere.

Growing up to 5 meters (16 ft.) tall by 3 meters (10 ft.) broad, it forms clumps of slender arching canes which turn black after two or three seasons. The abundant lance-shaped leaves are 4-13 cm. (2-5 in.) long.

Numerous forms and cultivars are available for garden use. The species and the form P. nigra f. henonis have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The form henonis is also known as Henon bamboo and as cultivar "Henon".

It is used for lumber (timber), food, and musical instruments, among other things, in areas of China where it is native and also worldwide.

A spiritual sanctuary, a place of national pride - Ojukheon, or House of black bamboo. Here in Sin Saimdan in 1536 the son I Yulgok was born, who later became a great scientist. The park of black bamboo is beautiful in itself. In full bloom, the national flower of Korea is Mugunghwa (blossoms from July to October), whose symbolic meaning is immortality. We touched a tree that is 600 years old. Koreans believe that the name of the flower very accurately reflects the immortal nature of Korean history, the determination and tenacity of the Korean people. However, the value of the park is not only in beauty or architecture. For Koreans, Yi-I (literary pseudonym Yulgok) is the most revered medieval philosopher, writer and politician. Confucianism, perceiving the state as a single family, helped to withstand the Koreans in those distant, troubling military times, and in our time - to make a reality an "economic miracle", to cope with the crisis. We were often told with pride how, during the recent "Asian" economic crisis, the government asked citizens to help. And people brought all their savings, and the recession was overcome. Of course, the state did not remain in debt.

Lee's philosophy is studied in school today, Koreans are happy to come to this park, they bring children here. But the manor is a monument not only to the great scientist, but also to his mother Sin Saimdan - "exemplary woman" of the Joseon era. She was a poetess and artist and passed her talents to her son, who achieved not only literary glory, but also success in the state career.

Left of center is the hologram window with denomination 5000 and map of Korea inside.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. Centered in words.


5000 Won 2006

On banknote are 2 paintings by Sin Saimdang (申師任堂) in style Chochungdo.

Chochungdo - a painting genre, initiated by Sin Saimdang, depicting plants and insects.

Sin Saimdang (申師任堂, October 29, 1504 – May 17, 1551) was a Korean artist, writer, calligraphist, and poet. She was the mother of the Korean Confucian scholar Yi I. Often held up as a model of Confucian ideals, her respectful nickname was Eojin Eomeoni (어진 어머니; "Wise Mother"). Her real name was unknown. Her pennames were Saim, Saimdang, Inimdang, and Imsajae.

Was born in 1504 in Gangnung Gangwon Province and was the second among five daughters in the family. In her childhood she was called Ying Song, and she was the favorite of the whole family, especially her maternal grandmother. The girl was very pretty and surprised everyone with her abilities.

In the state of Joseon, men dominated, but only after the 17th century this tradition was firmly rooted in Korean society. Up to the middle of the Joseon era, the Korean families attached greater importance to maternal ties, and often the family remained in the home of the mother's parents. Growing up in such an environment, Sin began to paint at the age of seven, in which she was warmly supported by her grandmother, who in every way encouraged the enthusiasm of her beloved granddaughter and even bought her drawings. Thanks to this, her artistic talent very quickly unfolded. Especially she managed to picture colors and insects, which the young artist wrote down to the smallest details with the use of juicy shades.

One day, the young Sin came to one of the relatives with her drawing, which depicted a grasshopper. The relative took it from the girl, but on leaving the room dropped the picture on the floor. Immediately, a chicken, who turned up next to him, jumped up to him, pecking at the image of the grasshopper, apparently taking him for the present. This curious case proves the accuracy in the transfer of details sought by the artist, in whose paintings the objects of living nature literally came to life.

The famous scientists of the time, So Se Yang and Chung Yu Gil, who appreciated the talent of Shin, even compared it to the well-known early Joseon artist An Gyeong.

Shin Saidiman revealed not only as a painter. She was known as a connoisseur of Confucian writings and other scientific works that helped her develop her literary abilities. She has equally succeeded both in prose and in poetry. Her talent manifested itself in such purely feminine pursuits as sewing and embroidering.

Sin Saimdan can be attributed to the most outstanding representatives of the fine arts of the middle of the Joseon era.

In 1522, at the age of 19, Sin Saimdan was married to Li Vong-soo. Since there were no sons in the Xing family who would take care of her parents, she left with her husband's consent to live in the parental home. Sin became the mother of seven children - four sons and three daughters, to whom she devoted her life.

Being a truly loving and strict mother, she devoted herself entirely to the education of her children. In this regard, she received the pseudonym "Saimdan" in honor of Queen Theaim, the mother of Emperor Mu, revered in China from the Zhou dynasty, considered the ideal of the wife and mother. Her third son, Li Yi (pseudonym Yulgok), became one of the two most famous Confucian scholars of the state of Chosun, and the eldest daughter of Me Chang and the fourth son of Li U brightly manifested themselves in poetry and fine arts.

All the strengths and abilities for science Yulgok allegedly were laid in the womb of the mother, who during pregnancy used special psychoenergetic techniques. Sin Saimdan not only raised wonderful children, but also helped her husband, who was in the public service, instructing on the path of virtue and giving him moral support.

Died Sin Saimdan in 1551, at the age of 48 years. But her devotion to family and art has always been admired among all subsequent generations of Koreans. And in our days she became also the first woman in Korean history, whose portrait adorns a banknote. This decision is a symbol of gender equality and social activity of women. Sin Saimdan can rightfully be called an ideal woman, who knows how to achieve success in creativity, and in fulfilling the duties of mother and wife. (Korean Radio .rus)


In left part of banknote is the painting by Sin Saimdan (申師任堂) in Chochungdo style, depicting insects and plants. On this painting are: the sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris), Lycaenidae butterfly, mosquito and Celosia argentea cristata.


On right side of banknote is the painting by Sin Saimdan (申師任堂) in Chochungdo style, depicting insects and plants. On this painting is the flower Celosia argentea cristata.

Citrullus vulgaris

The homelands of The sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) are South Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa: the Cap province, Fri-State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northwestern Province, Northwestern province), where the wild watermelons - Colocytes (Citrullus colocynthis) growing till today. This type is usually considered to be an ancestor of the cultural watermelon, however, on the basis of genetic research (DNA from chloroplasts) there was an outline that cultural and wild arbuzy come from the common ancestor - it is possible, Citrullus ecirrhosus. The last, emerging in the Kalahari desert, and the pony is an important source of water.

Celosia argentea cristata

Celosia argentea, commonly known as plumed cockscomb, or the silver cock's comb, is a herbaceous plant of tropical origin, and is known for its very bright colors. In India and China it is known as a troublesome weed.

Celosia argentea is a tender annual that is often grown in gardens. It blooms in mid-spring to summer. It is propagated by seeds. The seeds are extremely small, up to 43,000 seeds per ounce. The flowers are hermaphrodites.

As these plants are of tropical origin, they grow best in full sunlight and should be placed in a well drained area. The flowerheads can last up to 8 weeks, and further growth can be promoted by removing dead flowers.

Exotic velvety inflorescence of celestial look great even in exquisite floral arrangements, making them brighter and more expressive. The beauty of the kiss was admired by more than one poet, calling this flower a fashionable chic dude. Indeed, she - a fashionable woman to look for, and her luxurious outfit "haute couture" is unlikely to leave anyone indifferent.

Celosia belongs to the family of amaranth, its genus includes about 60 species of perennial and annual herbaceous plants, mainly growing in Africa, Asia and South America. Its name was derived from the Greek word kelos - "burning", "fiery" and it is associated with the bright coloring of flowers of this amazing plant.


Lycaenidae is the second-largest family of butterflies (behind Nymphalidae, brush-footed butterflies), with over 6,000 species worldwide, whose members are also called gossamer-winged butterflies. They constitute about 30% of the known butterfly species.

The family is traditionally divided into the subfamilies of the blues (Polyommatinae), the coppers (Lycaeninae), the hairstreaks (Theclinae) and the harvesters (Miletinae).

Adults are small, under 5 cm. usually, and brightly coloured, sometimes with a metallic gloss.

Larvae are often flattened rather than cylindrical, with glands that may produce secretions that attract and subdue ants. Their cuticles tend to be thickened. Some larvae are capable of producing vibrations and low sounds that are transmitted through the substrates they inhabit. They use these sounds to communicate with ants.

Adult individuals often have hairy antenna-like tails complete with black and white annulated (ringed) appearance. Many species also have a spot at the base of the tail and some turn around upon landing to confuse potential predators from recognizing the true head orientation. This causes predators to approach from the true head end resulting in early visual detection.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.