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20 Kwacha 2004, Malawi

in Krause book Number: 52a
Years of issue: 01.04.2004
Edition: 30 290 856
Signatures: Governor: Dr. Ellias E. Ngalande (in office 2000 - 2005)
Serie: 2001 - 2003 Issue
Specimen of: 01.10.2001
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 138 x 69
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Muenchen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Kwacha 2004

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Reverend John Chilembwe and denomination 20.

Avers:

20 Kwacha 2004

Reverend John Chilembwe (1871 - February 3, 1915) was a Baptist pastor and educator, who trained as a minister in the United States, returning to Nyasaland in 1901. He was an early figure in the resistance to colonialism, in Nyasaland (Malawi), opposing both the treatment of Africans working in agriculture on European-owned plantations and the colonial government's failure to promote the social and political advancement of Africans. Soon after the outbreak of the First World War, Chilembwe organized an unsuccessful uprising against colonial rule. Today, Chilembwe is celebrated as a hero for independence, and John Chilembwe Day is observed annually on January 15 in Malawi.

NyasaCentered is the view of Lake Nyasa with the lake boat (Dugout) with three fishermen on it. On the background is the mountain range and getting up, at dawn, sun.

Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa in Tanzania and Lago Niassa in Mozambique, is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system, located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. It is the ninth largest lake in the world and the third largest and second deepest lake in Africa. It is home to more species of fish than any other lake, including about 1000 species of cichlids. The Mozambique portion of the lake was officially declared a reserve by the Government of Mozambique on June 10, 2011, and in Malawi a portion of the lake is included in the Lake Malawi National Park. Lake Malawi is a meromictic lake; permanent stratification and the toxic-anoxic boundary are maintained by moderately small chemical and thermal gradients.

The Portuguese trader Candido José da Costa Cardoso was the first European to visit the lake in 1846. David Livingstone reached the lake in 1859, and named it "Lake Nyasa". "Nyasa" in language of Yao people means "Lake".

boatsA dugout or dugout canoe is a boat made from a hollowed tree trunk. Other names for this type of boat are logboat and monoxylon. Monoxylon (μονόξυλον) (pl: monoxyla) is Greek - mono- (single) + ξύλον xylon (tree) - and is mostly used in classic Greek texts. In Germany they are called einbaum ("one tree" in English). Some, but not all, pirogues are also constructed in this manner.

The well-watered tropical rainforest and woodland regions of sub-Saharan Africa provide both the waterways and the trees for dugout canoes, which are commonplace from the Limpopo River basin in the south through East and Central Africa and across to West Africa. African Teak is the timber favoured for their construction, though this comprises a number of different species, and is in short supply in some areas. Dugouts are paddled across deep lakes and rivers or punted through channels in swamps (makoro) or in shallow areas, and are used for transport, fishing and hunting, including, in the past, the very dangerous hunting of hippopotamus. Dugouts are called pirogues in Francophone areas of Africa.

In the center and lower left are the relief (seen through) image of a fish (see Reverse).

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners, also centered. In words lower and in top left corner.

Revers:

20 Kwacha 2004

tea harvesting

Two workers at tea harvesting, presumably, in Mulanje tea district.

The Mulanje Massif, also known as Mount Mulanje, is a large monadnock in southern Malawi only 65 km. east of Blantyre, rising sharply from the surrounding plains of Chiradzulu, and the tea-growing Mulanje district. It measures approximately 13x16 miles (22x26 kilometers) and has a maximum elevation of 3,002 m. at its highest point in Malawi - Sapitwa Peak.

Much of the Massif consists of rolling grassland at elevations of 1800-2200 m, intersected by deep forested ravines. It has many individual peaks reaching heights of over 2500 m, including Chambe Peak, the West Face of which is the longest rock climb in Africa.

"The Republic of Malawi is the second largest producer of tea in Africa, which is almost wholly exported.In the country itself, tea is the second most popular tobacco product.

The first seedlings of a tea plant were brought to this former British colony, called Piasaland, in 1878 by Scottish missionary Protestants from the Royal Botanic Garden in Edinburgh. Later, the Assamian hybrid from Ceylon was used on the plantations. In 1904 the first harvest for export was received. By the end of XX century. The size of the plantations exceeded 20,000 ha, 88% of which are occupied by large private plantations. About 20,000 people are employed in plantations and primary processing of tea leaves.

Most of the plantations are located at an altitude of 600 m above sea level. High temperatures and uneven precipitation with periods of drought are not very conducive to tea production. The dry years were 1990, 1991 and especially 1992, which caused great damage to plantings. In 1994, however, a good sheet was produced, which yielded 44 thousand tons of products. It is sold mainly through London as a "filler" in the preparation of tea blends. "

"The beginning of tea growing in this country goes back to 1878, when the English colonizers brought here the seeds that gave rise to the first plantations.

The rapid development of tea growing came only in the mid-50's. Today, this country is listed as one of the largest producers of tea on the continent. The most fertile land is located in the south of Malawi. It is here, in the highlands of the Shire, and there are tea plantations, which occupy about 6% of the country's agricultural lands. A severe drought or heavy rains often lead to the destruction of the crop.

The average annual volume of tea produced reaches 50 thousand tons. Basically it is tea produced by the CTC method. It is used as a filler for making certain tea blends.

When brewing, Malawi tea gives a dark red infusion. The taste and flavor of the drink are mediocre. Tea is best used for breakfast and drinking with milk."

emblem bank

Top is the emblem of the Reserve Bank of Malawi.

The emblem represents the upper part of the coat of arms of the country. Depicts African Fish Eagle in natural color with spread wings down, closing three-quarters of a golden sun, arisen from the waters with golden fifteen sunbeams.

fish

Centered and lower are the seen-through image of the fish, presumably, Livingston's Cichlid.

Nimbochromis livingstonii, Livingston's Cichlid or (locally) kalingono, is a freshwater mouthbrooding cichlid native to Lake Malawi, an African Rift Lake. It is also found in the upper Shire River and Lake Malombe. They are found in inshore areas of the lake over sandy substrates.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In words in top left corner and on the right side.

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