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20000 Rupees 1992, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 132a
Years of issue: 10.02.1992
Edition: --
Signatures: Gubernur: Mr. Adrianus Mooy, Direktur: Mr. Binhadi Mangkudiwirjo Tutup Usia
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 10.02.1992
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 152 x 79
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

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20000 Rupees 1992

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Raden Mas Soewardi Soerjaningrat (EYD: Suwardi Suryaningrat, from 1972 Ki Hadjar Dewantara, EYD: Ki Hajar Dewantara, which some write Ki Hajar Dewantoro to reflect its Javanese language sounds; May 2, 1889 - April 26, 1959, hereinafter abbreviated as Soewardi or KHD) was a leading activist in the Indonesian independence movement, columnist, politician, and pioneer of education for native Indonesians in Dutch colonial times. He founded the College Student Park, an institution that provides an educational opportunity for indigenous commoners which otherwise was limited to the aristocracy and the Dutch colonials. His birth date is now celebrated in Indonesia as National Education Day.

Avers:

20000 Rupees 1992

Paradisaea rubraRed Bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea rubra, also Cendrawasih Merah), is a bird-of-paradise in the genus Paradisaea, family Paradisaeidae. An Indonesian endemic, the Red Bird-of-paradise is distributed to lowland rainforests of Waigeo and Batanta islands of Raja Ampat, West Papua. This species shares its home with another bird-of-paradise, the Wilson's Bird-of-paradise.

On the background, left, are the patterns.

Top right is the National emblem of Indonesia.

garuda

It is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners, lower centered in words.

Revers:

20000 Rupees 1992

On right side is the map of Indonesia.

CengkehCentered are the tropical cloves (Cengkeh).

Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia, and are commonly used as a spice. Cloves are commercially harvested primarily in Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.

The clove tree is an evergreen tree that grows up to 8-12 m. tall, with large leaves and sanguine flowers grouped in terminal clusters. The flower buds initially have a pale hue, gradually turn green, then transition to a bright red when ready for harvest. Cloves are harvested at 1.5-2.0 cm. long, and consist of a long calyx that terminates in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals that form a small central ball.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. Lower left in words.

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