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50 Kronor 2015, Sweden

in Krause book Number: 70
Years of issue: 01.10.2015 (printed in 2014)
Edition:
Signatures: Johan Gernandt, Stefan Ingves
Serie: Kulturresan (2015-2016 Issue)
Specimen of: 04.2012
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 126 х 66
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Kronor 2015

Description

Watermark:

50 Kronor 2015

Evers Taube. Denomination 50.

Avers:

50 Kronor 2015

50 Kronor 2015 50 Kronor 2015

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Axel Evert Taube. The photo made by Bengt Adin (1928-2010) in October 1963 in the residence of Taube, at Grev Turegatan 32, in Stockholm, probably for the magazine "Vi". It is said, that Adin, who was from the West Coast and was poorly oriented in Stockholm, came too late, because he got lost. But Evert Taube showed patience and called the delay a trifle.

This photo (with a hat) was placed in the book "Kom i min famn" ("Come Into My Embrace") by Inga-Britt Fredholm, as well as on many Taube's vinyl plates.

The traditional headdress that Evert Taube often wore was not included in the original photograph. Designer Goran Österlund took to emphasize the artistry of Taube as a poet, artist and troubadour.

Axel Evert Taube (12 March 1890, Gothenburg, Sweden - 31 January 1976 (aged 85), Stockholm, Sweden) was a Swedish author, artist, composer and singer. He is widely regarded as one of Sweden's most respected musicians and the foremost troubadour of the Swedish ballad tradition in the XX century.

Evert Taube was born in 1890 in Gothenburg, and brought up on the island of Vinga, Västergötland, where his father, Carl Gunnar Taube, a ship's captain, was the lighthouse keeper. His mother was Julia Sofia Jacobsdotter.

He was born in Gothenburg, at five o'clock in the morning, and was left on the table, like a born dead - but the doctor, who came to sign a death certificate, found that there is life in a small body.

Taube belongs to an untitled branch of the Baltic German noble Taube family, introduced at the Swedish House of Nobility in 1668 as noble family No. 734.

Having spent two years (1907-1909) sailing around the Red Sea, Ceylon and South Africa, Taube began his career as a singer-songwriter and collector of sailors' songs, and on Christmas Eve 1908, on board the Norwegian ship SS Bergen headed for Spain, he performed "Turalleri, piken fra Hamburg".

Following a five-year stay (1910-1915) in Argentina, he developed an interest in Latin American music and introduced the Argentinian tango to Sweden in the twenties. Contrary to widespread perceptions, Taube did not work as a gaucho (cowboy) on the Pampas but as a foreman supervising workers who were digging canals designed to prevent flooding on the vast plains.

He is perhaps best known as a depictor of the idyllic, with motifs from the Swedish archipelagoes and from the Mediterranean, from a perspective every Swedish four-week holiday tourist could recognize.

But he also wrote the most hitting anti-fascist anti-war poem in the Swedish language, "Målaren och Maria Pia", about the Italian war in Abyssinia, from the late 30s, as well as the anthem of the budding environmental movement in the 70s, "Änglamark" (originally written for the successful 1971 Hasse & Tage film The Apple War).

Among Taube's most famous songs are "Calle Schewens vals", "Min älskling (du är som en ros)", "Dans på Sunnanö", "Brevet Från Lillan", "Flickan i Havanna", "Änglamark", "Sjösala vals", "Fritiof och Carmencita", "Så skimrande var aldrig havet" and "Så länge skutan kan gå".

In 1976 he released an album of songs (on SR Records) about and by Sweden's 18th century bard, Carl Michael Bellman, performing 9 of Bellman's Fredman's Epistles including the ever popular Vila vid denna källa, Ulla! min Ulla! säj, får jag dig bjuda, and Solen glimmar blank och trind.

Taube has been translated into English by Helen Asbury, Paul Britten Austin, Emily Melcher and others. His songs have been recorded in English by Roger Whittaker, Sven-Bertil Taube, Martin Best, Roger Hinchliffe and Emily Melcher.

On his 60th birthday in 1950, Taube received the Bellman Award from the Swedish Academy and in 1960 he received an honorary doctorate from Gothenburg University. He was elected as a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in 1970.

Taube is regarded as one of the finest troubadours in Sweden. There is a complete pavilion, "Evert Taube's World" opened in 2008, dedicated to him at Liseberg Theme Park in Gothenburg.

On 25 March 2010, Norwegian Air Shuttle's (Norwegian.com) new Boeing 737-8FZ LN-NOV (msn 31713) was accepted at the Oslo (Gardermoen) base with the tail image of Evert Taube.

On 12 March 2013, a Google doodle was dedicated to him.

Left of the photo of Evert Taube are the notes from Taube's ballad "Så länge skutan kan gå" ("As long as the ship can go").

50 Kronor 2015

Micro-text is right of the photo, at a stormy rock.

Taken from Taube's song "Sjösala vals" (Taube had a summer house called Sjösala, located in Stavsnäs, which was burned down by Mona Wallén-Hjerpe in 1969):

"Rönnerdahl är gammal men han valsar ändå. Rönnerdahl har sorger och ont om sekiner. Sällan får han rasta – han får slita för två. Hur han klarar skivan kan ingen förstå".

In English:

"Rönnerdahl is old but waltzes still. Rönnerdahl has sorrows and not enough sequins. He seldom gets to rest – he has to work for two. How he makes it through the party nobody knows."

Also on the right is the stormy shore of Bohuslän, where Evert Tob attracted inspiration in his work.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. In words at the top.

Revers:

50 Kronor 2015

50 Kronor 2015 50 Kronor 2015

On background, above, is Bohuslän coastline with lighthouse, based on the Bissen lighthouse in Tanum Municipality.

The lighthouse is located on the small Bissen island. The first lighthouse appeared here in 1884. Today's lighthouse stands here from 1939. Its height is 8.5 meters above sea level. It is a concrete tower.

The Tanum community is located in the north of Bohuslän, and a large part of its territory is made up of skerries. The European route E06 and the railway Gothenburg-Strömstad pass through the commune.

Right of center is the map of Sweden with the province of Bohuslän marked, where Evert Taube drew inspiration for his songs.

50 Kronor 2015

50 Kronor 2015 50 Kronor 2015

Bohuslän is a Swedish province in Götaland, on the northernmost part of the country's west coast. It is bordered by Dalsland to the northeast, Västergötland to the southeast, the Skagerrak arm of the North Sea to the west, and the county of Østfold, in Norway, to the north.

Bohuslän is named after the medieval Norwegian castle of Båhus. Under the name Båhuslen, it was a Norwegian county from the unification of the country in the 870s until the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, when the kingdom of Denmark-Norway lost this area as well as Skåneland to Sweden.

The provinces of Sweden serve no administrative function. Instead, that function is served by the counties of Sweden. For centuries, the administrative county for Bohuslän was the Gothenburg and Bohus County, and as its name implies it consisted of the entire Bohuslän province together with the city Gothenburg. In 1998, some Swedish counties were merged to reduce administration costs, and Gothenburg and Bohus County were therefore merged into the new, much larger Västra Götaland County.

The geography is distinguished by the rocky coast, bordering an archipelago: there are about 3,000 islands and 5,000 islets (skerries). These make up the northern part of the Gothenburg archipelago, Sweden's second largest after Stockholm archipelago. In old days, the seascape was renowned for its many reefs and sunken rocks which caused many shipwrecks. Two of the largest islands, Orust and Tjörn, constitute their own municipalities. Both islands have a distinctive culture and history. However, the rocky terrain cannot be said to be mountainous: the highest point is Björnepiken at 224 meters.

Sweden's only threshold fjord, Gullmarn or Gullmarsfjorden, is located near Lysekil. It is 25 kilometers (16 mi.) long and 1 to 3 kilometers (0.62 to 1.86 mi.) wide with a maximum depth of 118.5 meters (389 ft.). The fjord is home to unique marine life.

Bohuslän's coastline was ranked 7th among the world's last great wilderness areas by CNN Travel.

Unlike other parts of Sweden, there are relatively few lakes or streams in Bohuslän: out of a total land area of 4,500 square kilometres (1,700 sq. mi.) only 177 square kilometers (68 sq. mi.) is freshwater. Although lakes are common, they tend to be small in size. The largest lakes are the northern and southern Bullaren lakes, with a combined area of about 40 square kilometers (15 sq. mi.).

50 Kronor 2015

50 Kronor 2015 50 Kronor 2015

During the 2nd millennium BC, the Nordic Bronze Age began (c. 1700-500 BC), including rock art such as the examples found throughout Bohuslän. During the Migration Period (300 to 700 AD) and the Viking Age (700-1000 AD), the area was part of Viken, and was actually known as two entities: Rånrike in the north and Elfsyssel in the south. It has been claimed that King Harald Fairhair made it part of the unified Norway in about 872, but contemporary sources give rise to doubt that Harald actually ever held the Viken area properly. The earliest proof of Båhus lands being in Norway's hands is from the XI century.

As long as Norway was a kingdom of its own, the province prospered, and Båhus castle was one of the key fortresses of the kingdom. When Norway was united with Denmark, the province began its decline in wealth; the area was frequently attacked by Swedish forces as part of the larger border skirmishes. The Norwegian fortress, Båhus, was built to protect this territory. Being a border zone towards the Swedish kingdom, and to a lesser extent against Danish lands in Halland, the Båhus region was disproportionately populated by soldier families.

Båhuslen belonged to Denmark-Norway until it was ceded to Sweden in the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. This fact explains why the treaty was signed in Denmark. The fortress of Carlsten was built in Marstrand during the XVII century. For a period Marstrand was also a free port (porto Franco), with a free religious practice and, as such, home to the only synagogue in Sweden at the time.

The commercial fishing of herring increased in the 18th century, and the province flourished during a major herring period around 1747–1809. Many small fishing communities grew up around the coast.

Before the large scale fishing of herring started, Bohuslän had a considerable forest cover. Timber was once the largest export product and main source of income in Bohuslän. But with the increased importance of fishing, more wood was needed as construction material for houses and boats, and as fuel for herring oil boilers (trankokerier). Deforestation during the XIX century gave rise to today's rugged, rocky landscape.

50 Kronor 2015Centered are the Vitlycke Rock Carvings, in Tanumshede.

Exactly these these petroglyphs (on a banknote) were discovered in 1972 by Age Nilsson, who originally intended to install dynamite in the rock, for construction work.

The rock carvings at Vitlycke are among the best known in Sweden, and attract hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world every year. People began making the carvings here in the late Bronze Age, about 1800 B.C. Over the following centuries, people returned to create new carvings on this religious site, and the last carvings were made just before the birth of Christ.

The best known of the pictures is that of the bridal couple in the upper part of the rock face. The scene depicts the holy wedding, or an intercourse between the god of fertility and a woman, and its purpose is to safeguard fertility for man and animals. This ritual was probably carried out every year, around 1st May, with cult priests and priestesses replacing the gods.

Altogether there are close to 500 figures on the panel. The most predominant are figures of ships, which were perhaps a symbol of the journey to the kingdom of death, or even a symbol of power- since the ships carried the imported bronze artifacts that gave status and prestige to the chieftains and their families.

By following the marked paths, you can reach a number of smaller carved rock faces that are painted and sign-boarded. One of the paths leads up to the summit were you will find tow huge Bronze Age cairns, and from were there is a fine view over the Tanum plain. (www.vastsverige.com)

In total there are thousands of images called the Tanum petroglyphs, on about 600 panels within the World Heritage Area. These are concentrated in distinct areas along a 25 km. stretch, and covers an area of about 51 hectares (126 acres or 0.5 km²).

While the region was on the coastline when the drawings were made, it is now at an elevation of 25 meters.

50 Kronor 2015

At the bottom are The italian woodbine or perfoliate honeysuckle (Lonícera caprifólium) - the provincial flowers of Bohuslän.

Lonicera caprifolium, the Italian woodbine, perfoliate honeysuckle, goat-leaf honeysuckle, Italian honeysuckle, or perfoliate woodbine, is a species of perennial flowering plants in the genus Lonicera of the Caprifoliaceae family. It is native to parts of Europe, and naturalized in South East Britain and northeastern North America. It can readily be distinguished from Europe's most common species, Lonicera periclymenum, by its topmost leaves which are per foliate, as the Latin name suggests (that is, the stem appears to grow through the center of the leaf). It is a vigorous, deciduous climber growing up to 8 meters. It bears masses of very fragrant, cream-coloured flowers, tinged with pink, appearing in midsummer.

50 Kronor 2015

Micro-text under the map of Sweden and on short sides: "SVERIGESRIKSBANK SVERIGESRIKSBANK SVERIGESRIKSBANK".

Denominations in numerals are in top right and lower left corners. In words at the bottom.

Comments:

I got this banknote in Visby, island Gotland, at 10 May 2017.

Banknote paper: Manufactured of cotton fibres that are not fluorescent, which is to say they do not emit any light under ultraviolet light (other types of paper may emit a bluish glow).

Banknote numbers: The letters indicate the year in which the banknote was printed. A = 2013, B = 2014 etc. The two first digits indicate where on the printing sheet the banknote was printed. The final seven digits are a serial number.

Safety features:

Colour-shifting image linked to the person portrayed on the banknote, in this case a sailing ship. The banknote's denomination, 50, is also shown in the image. The image and the denomination gradually change colour between gold and green when you tilt the banknote.

Intaglio print, which makes the paper feel like a banknote and gives it a noticeable raised surface. Run your thumb over it or scrape lightly with a fingernail. Intaglio printing has been used for the portrait, denominations and the text SVERIGESRIKSBANK.

Watermark with the banknote's denomination and portrait that are visible when you hold the banknote to the light. The denomination appears significantly lighter than the rest of the paper.

Security thread embedded in the banknote paper. Visible as a dark line when you hold the banknote up to the light.

A pattern that, together with a matching pattern on the reverse, forms the denomination when you hold the banknote to the light.

UV image (three crowns) that fluoresces (glows) yellow and blue under ultraviolet light. On reverse same feature has denomination 50 in square, but fluoresces (glows) green.

UV fibres spread across the entire banknote that fluoresce (glow) yellow and blue under ultraviolet light.

In spring 2011, the Riksbank announced a competition for the design of Sweden’s new banknotes. The competition was open to artists, graphic artists, designers and architects and was concluded in April 2012.

After a jury had assessed all entries, the General Council of the Riksbank decided to appoint Göran Österlund's entry Kulturresan (Cultural Journey) as winner. It thus formed the artistic base for the new banknotes.

The competition jury consisted of four members of the General Council of the Riksbank and two artistic experts. The General Council members were Peter Egardt (Chairman), Anders Karlsson, Sonia Karlsson and Allan Widman. The artistic experts were Jordi Arkö and Karin Granqvist.

The portraits on the banknotes were engraved by Gunnar Nehls. The composition of the banknotes was created by Crane AB's design team under the leadership of Karin Mörck Hamilton. The composition is based on the artistic starting point developed by Göran Österlund.

The main substances in Swedish banknotes are cotton (cellulose), synthetic polymers, such as polyester, water and titanium dioxide. The notes are printed using banknote printing inks on banknote paper. The paper is made from cotton fibres that contain various security features, such as security bands, an embedded security thread and invisible UV fluorescent fibres.

The printing inks for offset printing, intaglio, UV fluorescent printing and screen printing contain pigments (organic and inorganic), resin, mineral oils, vegetable oils, waxes (natural and synthetic) and drying agents (cobalt acetate).

The embedded security thread contains iron and aluminium, among other substances.

The banknotes also contain very small amounts of other additives that make the paper stronger. These include, for instance, CarboxyMethylCellulose, epichlorohydrin resin and N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone.

The banknotes have special details in intaglio print which makes it easier for visually-impaired people to tell them apart.

N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone is harmful in concentrated form but the banknotes contain very small quantities. According to investigations made by the Riksbank and the banknote supplier, there are no health risks in handling banknotes.

The submission proposed providing the banknotes with GPS coordinates and so-called QR Codes. However, the jury deems that this proposal is neither practical nor appropriate from a security standpoint, and thus assumes that it will not be realized. (www.riksbank.se)