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50 Shillings 1986, Kenya

in Krause book Number: 22с
Years of issue: 14.09.1986
Edition: 18 725 126
Signatures: Governor: Mr. Philip Ndegwa, Member: Mr. Harry Mule
Serie: 1980 Issue
Specimen of: 01.06.1980
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 152 х 78
Printer: Bradbury, Wilkinson & Company Limited, New Malden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Shillings 1986

Description

Watermark:

watermarkHead of lion. Security strip.

Avers:

50 Shillings 1986

Daniel arap MoiOn right side is Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (2 September 1924) is a Kenyan politician who served as the 2nd President of Kenya from 1978 to 2002. He also served as the country's 3rd Vice President from 1967 to 1978. Moi is popularly known to Kenyans as "Nyayo", a Swahili word for "footsteps", as he often said he was following the footsteps of the first President. He has also earned the sobriquet "Professor of Politics" due to his long rule, the longest in Kenyan history to date.

Kenyan coat of arms

Kenyan coat of arms is in the middle.

The coat of arms of Kenya features two lions, a symbol of protection, holding spears and a traditional East African shield. The shield and spears symbolize unity and defence of freedom. The shield contains the national colours, representing:

Black for the people of Kenya

Green for the agriculture and natural resources

Red for the struggle for freedom

White for unity and peace.

Rooster holding axe - According to the African tradition, the rooster is the only domestic fowl that announces the dawn of a new day (more like the alarm clock - the wake-up call). That's why they keep them. At the rooster's crow, all awake and head for work at the early dawn. The rooster is also one of the few animals that seldom moves backwards. The rooster holding an axe while moving forward portrays authority, the will to work, success, and the break of a new dawn. It is also the symbol of Kenya Africa National Union (KANU) party that led the country to independence.

The shield and lions stand on a silhouette of Mount Kenya containing in the foreground examples of Kenya agricultural produce - coffee, pyrethrum, sisal, tea, maize and pineapples.

The coat of arms is supported by a scroll upon which is written the word 'Harambee'. In Swahili, Harambee means "pulling together" or "all for one". It is the cry of the fishermen as they draw their nets towards the shore. The same word is echoed by everyone when a collective effort is made for the common good, such as helping a family in need, or the construction of a school or a church.

On left side are Kenyan roses.

Roses grown in Kenya are very beautiful, delicate flowers. Kenyan weather conditions are beneficial to growing roses there. Alluring neat inflorescence diversity of varieties and colors (yellow, orange, pink, red, light pastel, purple, cream, etc.), delicate flavor that can not be confused with any other - these are just some of the characteristics of Kenyan roses.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words centered.

Revers:

50 Shillings 1986

Jomo Kenyatta International AirportOn banknote is Jomo Kenyatta International Airport and the Jet McDonnell Douglas DC-9-14 above it.

Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (IATA: NBO, ICAO: HKJK) is an international airport in Nairobi, the capital of and largest city in Kenya. Located in the Embakasi suburb 15 kilometers (9 mi.) southeast of Nairobi's central business district, the airport has scheduled flights to destinations in over 50 countries. The airport is named after Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president and prime minister. The airport served over 7 million passengers in 2016, making it the seventh busiest airport in passenger traffic on the continent.

Plans for the airport were drawn up in 1953, work started in January 1954, and by mid-1957 it was found possible to bring the operational date forward to mid-March 1958. The task was by no means straightforward, and many problems - largely of a civil engineering nature - had to be overcome before the runway could be built. The site chosen, on a great lava plain,is a pilot's and a controller's dream: eleven miles from the center of Nairobi (the city's two other airports, Eastleigh and Nairobi West, are closer), its approaches are free from any obstruction for at least 17 miles in any direction. The nearest mountain ("high ground" would be a misnomer when Embakasi itself is 5,327 ft. AMSL) is 25 miles away, and 10 deg off the runway center-line.Visibility rarely falls below this obstruction-distance in the clear air of the plains, and it may have been possible to see the summit of Mount Meru in Northern Tanganyika, about 140 miles away; both Kilimanjaro (115 n.m. away) and Mount Kenya could be clearly seen.

On Sunday 9 March 1958, Embakasi Airport (now JKIA) was opened by the last colonial governor of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring. The airport was due to be opened by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; however, she was delayed in Australia due to an engine failure on her Qantas Lockheed Super Constellation aircraft. Due to this anomaly, the Queen was unable to attend the ceremony.

The 10,000 ft. runway at the then Embakasi Airport was a big improvement on Eastleigh's 7,980 ft. murram runway, which in the rainy months was unsuitable for Britannias. The runway was 10,000 ft long between thresholds, and was sited roughly 06-24. The 06 approach was used on 90 per cent of all occasions. A basic strip 10,800 ft. long and 500 ft. wide was prepared for the 150 ft-wide runway. There were 25 ft shoulders each side; and consequently 150 ft run-offs beyond the shoulders. After cambering, weak spots were reset, and finally paving machinery was used to lay the asphalt surface. The result was an engineering success of which the contractors were very proud; so accurate was the cambering that the wet surface of the runway dried out evenly on each side of the center-line. Physically, the great care taken in the engineering resulted in a load classification number of 100 being achieved. The surface at the time was strong enough to accept the Boeing 707 at maximum gross weight, although 15,000 ft. rather than 10,000 ft. length was the probable all-weather length requirement. There was no physical limit to extending the paved length to this figure, but more definite plans for the operation of the big jets into Kenya was required before such an increase was contemplated.

At the time in 1958, Nairobi was one of the few towns in the World that could boast of a 1965 airport with an expansion option at hand. The number of aircraft movements then was less than 600 in a month. The airport architect was strongly influenced by the design of Kloten, Zurich, in the planning and design of Embakasi, although similarities were by no means obvious. Both airports are arranged so that arrival passengers can see completely through the building; the minimum of signs is required. And although Embakasi was designed to meet Nairobi's particular needs, both airports shared a lightness and spaciousness that was at the time extraordinarily refreshing.The fitting and colour schemes employed at the then Embakasi Airport were absolutely first-class.

1970's,1980's and 1990's.

In 1972, the World Bank approved funds for further expansion of the airport, including a new international and domestic passenger terminal building, the airport's first dedicated cargo and freight terminal, new taxiways,associated aprons, internal roads, car parks, police and fire stations, a State Pavilion, airfield and roadway lighting, fire hydrant system, water, electrical, telecommunications and sewage systems, a dual carriageway passenger access road, security, drainage and the building of the main access road to the airport (Airport South Road). The total cost of the project was over US$29 million (US$111.8 million in 2013 dollars). On 14 March 1978, construction of the current terminal building was completed on the other side of the airport's single runway and opened by President Kenyatta. The airport was again renamed, this time in honour of President Kenyatta after his death about five months later on 22 August 1978.

In October 1993, a British Airways Concord landed at the airport for purposes of testing the aircraft's performance at high altitude.

Jomo Kenyatta International AirportThe McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as Douglas DC-9) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner. It was first manufactured in 1965 with its maiden flight later that year. The DC-9 was designed for frequent, short flights. The final DC-9 was delivered in October 1982.

The DC-9-based airliners, MD-80, MD-90 and Boeing 717 later followed in production. With the final deliveries of the 717 in 2006, production of the DC-9/MD-80/90/717 aircraft family ceased after 41 years and over 2,400 units built.

In top right part of banknote is Mount Kenya.

It is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 meters (17,057 ft.)), Nelion (5,188 meters (17,021 ft.)) and Point Lenana (4,985 meters (16,355 ft.)). Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 kilometers (93 mi.) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners, in words lower, centered.

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