header Notes Collection
Top

1/4 Dinar 1959, Iraq

in Krause book Number: 51b
Years of issue: 1959
Edition: --
Signatures: Governor: Abdul Latif al-Shawaf (in office from 1960 till 1962)
Serie: 1959 Issue
Specimen of: 1959
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 128 х 65
Printer: China Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation (CBPM)

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1/4 Dinar 1959

Description

Watermark:

1/4 Dinar 1959The emblem of Iraq from 1959 till 1965.

Avers:

1/4 Dinar 1959

1/4 Dinar 1959The emblem of Iraq from 1959 till 1965.

The first post-monarchical state emblem of Iraq (adopted under the republican government of Abd al-Karim Qasim) was based on the ancient sun-disk symbol of Shamash, and avoided pan-Arab symbolism by incorporating elements of Socialist heraldry. At the time of the Iraqi Revolution of 1958, Qassim had demonstrated strong pan-Arab and Arab nationalist views, however, these cooled somewhat during his presidency. The overthrow of Qasim's government by the Ba'ath Party in 1963 marked an increase in pan-Arab sympathies, a change which was demonstrated in the new national flag based on that of the United Arab Republic (UAR).

Denominations in numerals rae centered and in three corners. In words centered.

Revers:

1/4 Dinar 1959

1/4 Dinar 1959Date palms in Iraq.

Earlier, the first place in the world for the production of this fruit served Iraq, but the acute drought and decades of conflict have led to a decrease in the production of all agricultural products in the country, with the date palm has suffered the most. Iraq at one time grew three-quarters of the world dates 629 different varieties, but now it lags behind Egypt, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Phoenix is a genus of 14 species of palms, native to an area starting from the Canary Islands in the west, across northern and central Africa, to the extreme southeast of Europe (Crete), and continuing throughout southern Asia from Turkey east to southern China and Malaysia. The diverse habitats they occupy include swamps, deserts, and mangrove sea coasts. Most Phoenix species originate in semiarid regions, but usually occur near high groundwater levels, rivers, or springs. The genus is unusual among members of the subfamily Coryphoideae, with it and Arenga being the only ones with pinnate, rather than palmate leaves.

The palms were more numerous and widespread in the past than they are at present. Some Phoenix palms have become naturalized in other parts of the world; in particular, the date palm's long history of cultivation means that escaped plants in the past have long-since become ingrained into the native ecosystems of countries far from its original range in the middle east.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners and on left side, centered (at bottom) in words.

Comments: