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100 Kyats 1958, Myanmar

in Krause book Number: 51a
Years of issue: 21.08.1958 - 17.05.1964
Edition: --
Signatures: Managing director, on behalf of Union Bank of Burma: San Lin
Serie: 1958 Issue
Specimen of: 1958
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 160 х 100
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Kyats 1958

Description

Watermark:

100 Kyat 1958General Aung San - the photo is the same as photo on obverse.

Avers:

100 Kyats 1958

Along the borders of banknote are the traditional Burmese Arabesque style pattern.

The Arabesque used as a term in European art, including Byzantine art, is, on one definition, a decorative motif comprising a flowing and voluted formalistic acanthus composition. It is generally simpler than the Arabesque in Islamic art, and does not involve elements that cross over each other.

On right and left sides, into the pattern, woven the tails of dragons.

In the tradition of the Eastern epic - the dragon is the most important mythological creature. Dragon represents one of the four living creatures (dragon, phoenix, tortoise, unicorn), who created the universe. All of the chaos to absolute harmony is dominated by a dragon. As a symbol of the four elements (Earth, Wind, Fire and Water), it also symbolizes the four cardinal directions (North, South, East, West).

In addition, for each of the elements, the dragon has its own exclusive features. Oriental legend says that many creatures and even a person could turn into dragons. Ancient legends have become intertwined with the new, but the main purpose of the dragon has remained unchanged - to maintain a balance of the divine essence, the interaction of cyclic rhythms of birth and death. Two dragons are located opposite each other - it is a symbol of mutual creative action of yin and yang, generating a world symbol of balance.

Centered, on bottom border, are two small Chinese lions - The Chinthe, sitting back to back.

100 Kyat 1958 100 Kyat 1958The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of General Aung San, made in January 1947, while he visited London.

Bogyoke (Major General) Aung San (13 February 1915, Namau - 19 July 1947, Rangun) served as the 5th Premier of the British Crown Colony of Burma from 1946 to 1947. Initially he was a communist and later a social democratic politician. He was known as a revolutionary, nationalist, and as the founder of the Tatmadaw, and is considered the Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar. He was the founder of the Communist Party of Burma.

He was responsible for bringing about Burma's independence from British rule, but was assassinated six months before independence. He is recognized as the leading architect of independence, and the founder of the Union of Burma. Affectionately known as "Bogyoke" (Major General), Aung San is still widely admired by the Burmese people, and his name is still invoked in Burmese politics to this day.

Aung San's daughter, Aung San Suu Kyi, is a Burmese stateswoman and politician and a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize who is now serving as State Counsellor and 20th and First Female Minister of Foreign Affairs in Htin Kyaw's Cabinet.

100 Kyat 1958Centered is dancing Burmese Green peafowl (Pavo muticus spicifer). Since 1940, this subspecies of the Javan peacock is the national symbol of Burma and Myanmar.

The green peafowl (Pavo muticus) (from Latin Pavo, peafowl; muticus, Mute, docked or curtailed) is a species of peafowl that is found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. It is also known as the Java peafowl, but this term is properly used to describe the nominate subspecies endemic to the island of Java in Indonesia. It is the closest relative of the Indian peafowl or blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus), which is mostly found on the Indian subcontinent.

Unlike the related Indian peafowl, the sexes of green peafowl are quite similar in appearance, especially in the wild. Both sexes have long upper tail coverts which cover the actual tail underneath. In the male this extends up to two meters and is decorated with eye-spots or ocelli while in the female the coverts are green and much shorter, just covering the tail. Outside the breeding season, however, the male's train is moulted and it can be difficult to distinguish the sexes unless they are observed up close. The neck and breast feathers of both sexes are iridescent green and resemble scales. In the male, the scapulars, median and greater wing coverts are blue while the lesser coverts are green and form a triangle of scaly feathers on the shoulder when the wing is closed. The secondaries are black and in some subspecies the tertials are brown and/or barred with a faint pattern. The female has blue lesser coverts and therefore lacks the triangle at the wing shoulder. Females also have neck scales fringed with copper as well as more barring on the back as well as the primaries and alula. Both sexes have shafted crests, and are long-legged, heavy-winged and long-tailed in silhouette. The crest of the female has slightly wider plumes while those of the male are thinner and taller. The facial skin is double striped with a white to light blue and beside the ear is a yellow to orange crescent. The dark triangle below the eye towards the eyebrow is bluish-green in the male and brown in the female. Seen from a distance, they are generally dark coloured birds with pale vermillion or buff coloured primaries which are quite visible in their peculiar flight which has been described as a true flapping flight with little gliding that one associates with Galliform birds.

Green peafowl are generally more silent than Indian peafowl. The male of some subspecies, especially imperator, have a loud call of ki-wao, which is often repeated. The female has a loud aow-aa call with an emphasis on the first syllable. The male may also make a similar call. The males call from their roost sites at dawn and dusk.

The green peafowl was widely distributed in Southeast Asia in the past from eastern and north-eastern India, northern Myanmar and southern China, extending through Laos, and Thailand into Vietnam, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia and the islands of Java.

In the top center "pyidaung zu myanma naing ngan daw ban" written in Burmese signify the Royal Union of Burma States Bank. Underneath it, in the bottom center "at all places where bank notes are issued this note can be exchanged for 100 kyats" is also written in Burmese.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. Centered in words.

Revers:

100 Kyats 1958

Along all borders of banknote is pattern of stylized acanthus leaves. On top border, centered, is the small scale drawing of a head of a mythical Chinese lion - The Chinthe.

plowing riceCentered - Burmese peasant with water buffaloes are plowing rice.

The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China. Today, it is also found in Europe, Australia, and some American countries. The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) native to Southeast Asia is considered a different species, but most likely represents the ancestor of the domestic water buffalo. Water buffaloes are especially suitable for tilling rice fields, and their milk is richer in fat and protein than that of dairy cattle. The large feral population of northern Australia became established in the late 19th century, and smaller feral herds are in New Guinea, Tunisia, and northeastern Argentina. There are at least 130 million domestic water buffalo, and more human beings depend on them than on any other domestic animal.

plowing riceBurmese stamp 3 Annas and 6 Paisa - Burmese peasant with water buffaloes are plowing rice.

plowing riceBurmese stamps, issued in japanese occupation period - Burmese peasant with water buffaloes are plowing rice.

100 Kyat 1958 100 Kyat 1958The reverse of banknote, issued in 1953, is similar to the 1958 issue, but the oxen now have a rope rein attached and the clouds and water surface are also slightly different.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In lower right corner in words.

Comments:

Security thread.

Serial number - Nnya 422639.