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1 Pound 1964, Zambia

in Krause book Number: 2a
Years of issue: 16.11.1964
Edition: 12 630 561
Signatures: Governor: Mr. R.C.Hallet (in office from 1964 till 1967)
Serie: 16 November 1964 Issue
Specimen of: 1964
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 x 82
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Pound 1964



Connochaetes taurinus Connochaetes taurinusOn right side is the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus).

The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest. It is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae and has a close taxonomic relationship with the black wildebeest. The blue wildebeest is known to have five subspecies. This broad-shouldered antelope has a muscular, front-heavy appearance, with a distinctive robust muzzle. Young blue wildebeest are born tawny brown, and begin to take on their adult colouration at the age of two months. The adults' hues range from a deep slate or bluish gray to light gray or even grayish-brown. Both sexes possess a pair of large curved horns.

The blue wildebeest is a herbivore, feeding primarily on the short grasses. It forms herds which move about in loose aggregations, the animals being fast runners and extremely wary. The mating season begins at the end of the rainy season and a single calf is usually born after a gestational period of about eight and a half months. The calf remains with its mother for eight months, after which time it joins a juvenile herd. Blue wildebeest are found in short grass plains bordering bush-covered acacia savannas in southern and eastern Africa, thriving in areas that are neither too wet nor too arid. Each year, some East African populations of blue wildebeest take part in a long-distance migration, seemingly timed to coincide with local patterns of rainfall and grass growth.

The blue wildebeest is native to Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Today it is extinct in Malawi, but has been successfully reintroduced in Namibia. The southern limit of the blue wildebeest range is the Orange River, while the western limit is bounded by Lake Victoria and Mt Kenya. The blue wildebeest is widespread and is being introduced into private game farms, reserves and conservancies. For this reason, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) rates the blue wildebeest as being of Least Concern. The population has been estimated to be around one and a half million and the population trend is stable.


1 Pound 1964

Agapornis nigrigenisOn right side is the black-cheeked lovebird (Agapornis nigrigenis) sitting on branch.

It is a small parrot species of the lovebird genus. It is mainly green and has a brown head, red beak, and white eye-rings. It is endemic in a relatively small range in southwest Zambia, where it is vulnerable to habitat loss.

The black-cheeked lovebird is 14 cm. (5.5 in.) in length, with mostly green plumage, reddish-brown forehead and forecrown, brownish-black cheeks and throat, orange bib below the throat which fades to yellowish-green, white eye-rings and gray feet. Adult have bright red beaks, while juveniles of the species are similar but with a more orange bill. Vocalizations are loud, piercing shrieks, which are very similar to those of other lovebirds.

Inhabits deciduous woodland, where permanent supplies of surface water exist, as it needs daily access to water. In the dry season, these birds may congregate in large flocks of up to 800 or more.

It is listed as a vulnerable species since it has a small population which is in decline due to continuous habitat loss, particularly due to gradual desiccation of water bodies.

coat Zambia

The Coat of arms of Zambia is top, centered.

The coat of arms of Zambia was adopted on 24 October 1964 when the Republic of Zambia reached its independence. This coat of arms is adapted from the arms of the Colony of Northern Rhodesia which dates to 1927.

The eagle of liberty African Fish Eagle represents the conquest of freedom and nation's hope for the future.

The pick and hoe represent the country's economic backbone: agriculture and mining, as well as the characteristics that have influenced Zambia's evolution and nature. The shield is a representation of Victoria Falls with white water cascading over black rock. The Victoria Falls represents the Zambezi river, from which Zambia takes its name. The coat of arms also has emblems of Zambia's natural resources: minerals and mining, agriculture and wildlife.

Haliaeetus vocifer

The African Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer) or the African Sea Eagle is a large species of eagle that is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa wherever large bodies of open water occur that have an abundant food supply. It is the national bird of Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Sudan.

Below, in the center, are two wood curved figures of birds, which have not been able to identify. They looks like Zambian craft, but I am still looking for confirmation.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words centered.


1 Pound 1964

copper mine copper mineOn banknote is opencast mining copper in Mufulira, Zambia.

Mufulira ("Place of Abundance") is a town with a population of 125,336 (2007) in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. It was established in the 1930s around the site of the Mufulira Copper Mine on its north-western edge. The town is 16 km from the border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is the start of the Congo Pedicle road connecting the Copperbelt to the Luapula Province, making that province Mufulira's commercial hinterland. A tarred highway to the south-west connects Mufulira to Kitwe (40 km.) and Chingola (55 km.), and another to the south-east connects to Ndola (60 km.), the commercial and transport hub of the Copperbelt. A branch of Zambia Railways, carrying freight only, serves the mine.

The Mufulira Mine is now owned and operated by Mopani Copper Mines which employs 10,000 permanent workers and produced about 300,000 tonnes of copper bars in 2007 after the rehabilitation of the Mufulira copper smelter by SMEC South Africa (formerly Vela VKE). Production and employment levels are down from the 1969 peak when the Copperbelt made Zambia the world's 4th largest copper producer.

In Zambia, Mufulira is well known for being the home of the successful Mufulira Wanderers football team. Zambia's third President (2002-2008), Levy Mwanawasa, was born in Mufulira, as well as top African footballer, Kalusha Bwalya. Also notable are Welsh international sportsmen Robert Earnshaw (football) and Dafydd James (Rugby Union).

This is a major copper mine in Zambia, Copperbelt Province, near the border with Zaire.

Mufulira Mine, located in the northern part of Zambia's Copper Belt - Zaire, is confined to the north-west wing of the same name syncline. Host rocks Lower Roan Group in the wing of the syncline are northeast falling at an angle of 45°. Ore formation capacity of ~ 200 m. is composed of massive sericite, sometimes cross-bedded quartzites with interlayers of dolomites and shales. Barren interlayers between the ore bodies are composed of quartzites, siltstones, shales and dolomites. The underlying strata make up the conglomerate, quartzite with a large cross-bedding of aeolian origin. Conglomerates podrudnoy formation Lower Roan Group up to 15 m subjected to lie on the active erosion of the complex surface of the base represented by rocks Lufubu systems and Muva composed of mica schist, quartzite, carbonate rocks, intruded by granites. The ore quartzite strata overlaps with gypsum and anhydrite, with interlayers of dolomites and grits.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words lower, centered.


The pound was the currency in Zambia from independence in 1964 until decimalization on January 16, 1968. It was subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence.

The Zambian pound replaced the Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound at par. It was pegged to the British pound at par and was replaced by the kwacha at a rate of 2 kwacha = 1 pound or 1 kwacha = 10 shillings.

In 1964, the Bank of Zambia introduced notes in denominations of 10 shillings, 1 and 5 pounds.